Supa, Sūpa: 24 definitions

Introduction:

Supa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Sūpa (सूप).—According to Hemādri (Śrāddha, p. 1372), ‘sūpa’ is a special preparation of Mudga and other grains cooked with rice, and culled ‘barānna’, and ‘śāka’ for cooked roots, fruits, leaves etc.; the particle ‘ca’ includes other rich kinds of food, milk-rice, cakes, and so forth. (also see Manusmṛti 3.226.)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Sūpa (सूप) refers to “soup”, according to the Aṣṭādhyāyi VI.2.128, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Of the pulse preparations, kulmāṣa is the most prominent one among the common people. It is prepared by stewing beans and mixing them with a little guḍa and oil. Aṣṭādhyāyi says another preparation of pulse called as sūpa (soup).

Vālmīkirāmāyaṇa (Ayodhyākāṇḍa 91.67 ) describes a liquid spicy preparation known as sūpa, which was prepared with fruit juices.

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Sūpa (सूप) refers to a “lunch of lentils”, and is used in the treatment of rat-poison such as those caused by the Sudanta-rats, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Accordingly, one of the treatments is mentioned as follows: “All these are neutralised by having a lunch of lentils (sūpa) [sūpena bhojanam]. A paste made from the powder of Asana and ghee mixed with water of Vajrikā must be applied. Fumigation must be done with these and powder of the roots of Śirīṣa Nakula”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume II

Sūpa (सूप, “soup”).—A salted decoction of any substance seasoned with spices is called Supa while the one unsalted and unseasoned is called Yusha. In preparing the soup of any pulse, all husks should be carefully thrashed out and the grain should be slightly fried before boiling.

Also see Sushruta-samhita, Cikitsastha Chapter IX: The medical treatment of cutaneous affections.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Sūpa (सूप):—Properly roasted and dehusked grains. They are light in property.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Sūpa (सूप) refers to a “sauce”, according to the Mahābhārata (book 10, chapter 5, verse 2).—Accordingly, “Having worshipped a learned man even for a long time, a stupid [man, even if a] hero does not know his religious duties, like a ladle [does not know] the flavour of the sauce (sūpa-rasa)”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Supa in Zaire is the name of a plant defined with Afzelia africana in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Intsia africana (Sm.) Kuntze (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Taxon (1980)
· Flora van Nederlandsch Indië (1855)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· The Languages of West Africa. (1911)
· African Journal of Biotechnology (3662)
· Synopseos Plantarum (1805)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Supa, for example extract dosage, health benefits, side effects, chemical composition, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sūpa : (m.) curry.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sūpa, (Vedic sūpa, cp. Ags. sūpan=Ger. saufen; Ohg. sūf=soup) broth, soup, curry Vin. II, 77, 214 sq.; IV, 192; D. I, 105; S. V, 129 sq. (their var. flavours); A. III, 49 (aneka°); J. II, 66; Vism. 343. samasūpaka with equal curry Vin. IV, 192. Also nt. Vin. I, 23921 (-āni) and f. sūpi J. IV, 352 (bidalasūpiyo); sūpavyañjanaka a vessel for curry and sauce Vin. I, 240.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sūpa (सूप).—n (śūrpa S) A scuttle-form basket for sifting corn. Pr. bharalyā gāḍyāsa sūpa jaḍa kāya. 2 A large wooden scoop swinging on framework, to supply water for irrigation from a low stream or pond. supā ēvaḍhēṃ kāḷīja A monstrously enlarged heart (through joy or delight). sūpa phaḍaphaḍaṇēṃ or vājaṇēṃ (vivāhānta &c.) To rattle or emit its sound;--used of the sifting fan on being struck (with a samīdha &c.) This, at marriages and certain other ceremonies, is the signal that the whole business is concluded.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sūpa (सूप).—n A scuttle-form basket for sifting corn. supāēvaḍhēṃ kāḷīja A monstrously

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sūpa (सूप).—[sukhena pīyate, su-pā ghañarthe ka pṛṣo° Tv.]

1) Broth, soup; सूपं भूयिष्ठमन्नीष्वं नाद्य मांसं यथा पूरा (sūpaṃ bhūyiṣṭhamannīṣvaṃ nādya māṃsaṃ yathā pūrā) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.29.128; न स जानाति शास्त्रार्थं दवीं सूपरसानिव (na sa jānāti śāstrārthaṃ davīṃ sūparasāniva) Subhāṣ.; Manusmṛti 3.226.

2) A sauce, condiment; पच्यन्तां विविधाः पाकाः सूपान्ताः पायसादयः (pacyantāṃ vividhāḥ pākāḥ sūpāntāḥ pāyasādayaḥ) Bhāgavata 1.24.26;11.27.34.

3) A cook.

4) A pan, vessel.

5) An arrow.

6) Split pease.

Derivable forms: sūpaḥ (सूपः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sūpa (सूप).—m. (= Sanskrit Lex. id.; AMg. sūva), cook: Mahāvastu ii.478.12, 17 (sūpa-mahattarakaṃ pṛcchati), 19, 20 (āgan- tuko sūpo); 479.1 (so sūpo) and ff.; iii.126.15 (tehi sūpehi …niveditaṃ). All prose.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūpa (सूप).—m.

(-paḥ) 1. Sauce, condiment. 2. Soup, broth. 3. A cook. 4. A vessel. 5. An arrow. E. ṣu to bear, pa Unadi aff.; the vowel made long.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūpa (सूप).—m. 1. Broth, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 226; soup. 2. Sauce. 3. A cook. 4. A vessel. 5. An arrow.

— Cf. [Old High German.] suf; [Old Norse.] sup; [Anglo-Saxon.] supan; [Old High German.] sūfan, saufjan.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūpa (सूप).—[masculine] soup, broth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sūpa (सूप):—m. (of doubtful derivation cf. sūda; in [Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 26] said to be [from] √3. su, ‘to distil’) sauce, soup, broth ([especially] prepared from split or ground pease etc. with roots and salt), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta] etc.

2) a cook, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (f(ī). [gana] gaurādi)

3) a vessel, pot, pan, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) an arrow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūpa (सूप):—(paḥ) 1. m. Soup; sauce; a cook; a vessel; an arrow.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sūpa (सूप) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sūva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Supa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sūpa (सूप) [Also spelled sup]:—(nm) a winnowing basket; soup, broth; ~[kāra] a cook; ~[śāstra] the science of cookery; [-bole so bole chalanī kyā bole (jisameṃ bahattara cheda]) the pot calling the kettle black.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Supa (सुप) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Sṛj.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sūpa (ಸೂಪ):—

1) [noun] any or several kinds of liquid foods made using dhal, spices, vegetables etc. for mixing it with rice.

2) [noun] any rich food.

3) [noun] a male cook.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

1) Supa (सुप):—n. soup;

2) Sūpa (सूप):—n. soup; broth;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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