Sup, Shup, Śup: 3 definitions


Sup means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śup can be transliterated into English as Sup or Shup, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Sup (सुप्).—Locative case affix सुः (suḥ)

2) Sup.—Short term for case-affixes, as formed by the syllable सु (su) (the nom. sing. affix) at the beginning and the final consonant प् (p) of सुप् (sup), the locative plural case-affix in the rule स्वौजसमौट् (svaujasamauṭ)...ङ्योस्सुप् (ṅyossup) P. IV. 1.2. These case affixes are called 'vibhakti' also. These सुप् (sup) affixes are elided after an indeclinable word; cf. अव्ययादाप्सुपः (avyayādāpsupaḥ) P. II. 4.82; in Veda स्, शे (s, śe) (ए), या, डा, ड्या, याच् (, ḍā, ḍyā, yāc) and आल् (āl) as seen, are substituted for these case affixes, which sometimes are even dropped or assimilated with the previous vowel of the base; e. g. सन्तु पन्थाः, आर्द्रे चर्मन् (santu panthāḥ, ārdre carman) etc. cf, P. VII. 1.39. These caseaffixes are as a rule, grave-accented (अनुदात्त (anudātta)) excepting in such cases as are mentioned in P. VI.1. 166 to 184 and 191.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śup (शुप्).—A technical term used by Pāṇini for उ (u) the sign of the eighth class of roots.

--- OR ---

Sup (सुप्).—

1) A technical term used by Pāṇini for the termination of the Locative plural.

2) A name for any one of the several case-endings or terminations.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śup (शुप्):—(in gram.) a technical term for the affix u (the characteristic sign of the eighth class of verbs).

2) Sup (सुप्):—(in gram.) technical expression for the termination of the [locative case] case [plural] [Pāṇini 4-1, 2 etc.]

3) a Pratyāhāra used as a term for all or for any one of the 21 case-terminations, [ib. i, 1, 71 etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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