Sudeshna, Sudeṣṇā, Sudeṣṇa: 8 definitions
Sudeshna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Sudeṣṇā and Sudeṣṇa can be transliterated into English as Sudesna or Sudeshna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Sudeṣṇā (सुदेष्णा).—The wife of Virāṭa, the King of Matsya. General information. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 6, that this Sudeṣṇā, the daughter of the King of Kekaya, had the name Citrā also. Other details.
(i) During the pseudonymity, Pāñcālī lived with Sudeṣṇā in the guise of Sairandhrī. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 9).
(ii) Sudeṣṇā agreed to the request of Kīcaka to get Sairandhrī for him, as he was fascinated by her beauty. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 14, Verse 6).
(iii) Sudeṣṇā sent Kīcaka to the house of Sairandhrī. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 15).
(iv) Draupadī consoled Sudeṣṇā who was miserable at the death of Kīcaka. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 16, Verse 48).
(v) Sudeṣṇā asked Draupadī to go away from the palace. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 24, Verse 3).
(vi) In connection with the marriage of her daughter Uttarā, Sudeṣṇā went to Upaplavya with Draupadī. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 72, Verse 30). (See full article at Story of Sudeṣṇā from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
2) Sudeṣṇā (सुदेष्णा).—The wife of the King Bali. Five sons named Aṅga, Vaṅga, Kaliṅga, Puṇḍra and Suhma were born to the hermit Dīrghatamas by this queen Sudeṣṇā. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 98: 30; Bhāgavata, Skandha 9; Harivaṃśa 1, 39).
3) Sudeṣṇa (सुदेष्ण).—A son born to Śrī Kṛṣṇa by Rukmiṇī. (See under Rukmiṇī).
4) Sudeṣṇa (सुदेष्ण).—A country in India, very famous, in the Purāṇas. (Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 4).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1) Sudeṣṇa (सुदेष्ण).—A son of Kṛṣṇa and Rukmiṇī: went with the sacrificial horse of his father.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 8; 89. 22 ; Matsya-purāṇa 47. 16; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 237: Viṣṇu-purāṇa 28. 1.
2) Sudeṣṇā (सुदेष्णा).—The queen of Bali Vairocana, son of Sutapa; issueless Bali advised her to have intercourse with sage Dirghatamas; finding him old and blind she sent her slave girl (Nurse, Vāyu-purāṇa) to whom were born Kakṣīvān and Cakṣuṣa; the king found this out and persuaded the queen and sage once again; the sage agreed on condition that she smeared all his body with curds and salt and licked the whole of it; she did so omitting the bottom portion; the sage cursed that her first son would be without buttocks; on her request he agreed that her first grandson would be born like that and not her son; she got five sons, Anga, Vanga, etc.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 34-88; Matsya-purāṇa 48. 61-79; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 34, 68-86.
Sudeṣṇa (सुदेष्ण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.45) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sudeṣṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
Sudeṣṇā also refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ).
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary
Sudeṣṇā (सुदेष्णा).—The wife of King Virāṭa. Draupadī spent the last year of exile as a maidservant to this queen. (Virāṭa Parva in Mahābhārata)
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
Sudeshna was the queen of the King Virata of the Matsya Kingdom. She had two sons Shweta Uttara, and a daughter Uttara, who later married Abhimanyu, the son of Arjuna.
Her brother Keechaka was commander of the army there, and wielded enormous influence there. Keechaka and Sudeshna were the children of the King of Kekeya.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Sudeshna (सुदेषणा): Queen of King Virata whom Sairandhri (Draupadi) served.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Sudeṣṇa (सुदेष्ण):—[=su-deṣṇa] [from su > su-tanaya] m. Name of a son of Kṛṣṇa, [Harivaṃśa]
2) [v.s. ...] of an adopted son of Asamañjas ([varia lectio] -daṃṣṭra), [ib.]
3) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) Name of a people ([varia lectio] sudella), [Mahābhārata]
4) Sudeṣṇā (सुदेष्णा):—[=su-deṣṇā] [from su-deṣṇa > su > su-tanaya] f. Name of the wife of Bali, [Mahābhārata]
5) [v.s. ...] of the wife of Virāṭa, [ib.]
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Sudeṣṇa (सुदेष्ण):—(6. su + deṣṇa)
1) m. Nomen proprium a) pl. eines Volkes [Mahābhārata 6, 354] nach der Lesart der ed. Bomb. sudella ed. Calc. — b) eines Sohnes des Kṛṣṇa [Harivaṃśa 6697.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 578.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 61, 8.] eines Adoptivsohnes des Asamanjas [Harivaṃśa] [LANGL. 1, 169.] sudaṃṣṭra die gedruckten Texte. —
2) f. ā Nomen proprium a) der Gemahlin des Königs Bali [Mahābhārata 1, 4211.] [Harivaṃśa 1690.] — b) der Gemahlin des Königs Virāṭa [Mahābhārata 4, 80. 252. fgg. 374. fgg.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 11 books and stories containing Sudeshna, Sudeṣṇā, Sudeṣṇa, Sudesna, Su-deshna, Su-deṣṇa, Su-desna, Su-deṣṇā; (plurals include: Sudeshnas, Sudeṣṇās, Sudeṣṇas, Sudesnas, deshnas, deṣṇas, desnas, deṣṇās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 6 - Bhāratavarṣa: Its Rivers and Regions < [Section 3 - Svarga-khaṇḍa (section on the heavens)]
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section XV < [Kicaka-badha Parva]
Section XX < [Kicaka-badha Parva]
Section IX < [Pandava-Pravesa Parva]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Chapter 1 - Plans for the Thirteenth Year < [Virata Parva]
Chapter 2 - Kichaka < [Virata Parva]
Chapter 4 - Arjuna Challenges the Kaurava Army < [Virata Parva]
The backdrop of the Srikanthacarita and the Mankhakosa (by Dhrubajit Sarma)