Suyama, Suyāma, Suyamā, Su-yama: 7 definitions

Introduction

Suyama means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Suyama (सुयम).—Third son of the Rākṣasa called Śataśṛṅga. Sudeva, the army-chief of King Ambarīṣa, killed Suyama. (Mahābhārata Southern text, Śānti Parva, Chapter 98).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Suyama (सुयम).—Sons of Suyajña, an avatār of Hari.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 2.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Suyama. One of the eight brahmins consulted at the birth of the Buddha to predict his future. J.i.56; Mil.236.

2. Suyama. A devaputta, chief of the Yama devas (A.iv.242; D.i.217). The courtesan, Sirima, was reborn after death, as the wife of Suyama (SNA.i.244). When the Buddha descended from the deva world to earth, at Sankassa, Suyama accompanied him, holding a yaks tail fan (valavijana). DhA.iii.226; Vsm.392; cf. BuA.239; J.i.48, 53; Mhv.xxxi.78.

3. Suyama. A king of Benares, son of Puthuvindhara. His son was Kiki Brahmadatta. ThagA.i.151.

4. Suyama (Suyamana) Thera. He belonged to a brahmin family of Vesali and was expert in the three Vedas. He saw and heard the Buddha at Vesali, and, having entered the Order, attained arahantship while his head was being shaved.

Ninety one kappas ago he was a brahmin of Dhannavati, and, having invited Vipassi Buddha to his house, gave him a seat spread with flowers. He was once a king, called Varadassana (Thag.74; ThagA.i.165f). He is evidently identical with Kusumasaniya of the Apadana. Ap.i.160.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Suyamā (सुयमा).—a particular class of gods; जातो रुचेरजनयत् सुयमान् सुयज्ञ आकूति- सूनुरमरानथ दक्षिणायाम् (jāto rucerajanayat suyamān suyajña ākūti- sūnuramarānatha dakṣiṇāyām) Bhāg.2.7.2.

Derivable forms: suyamāḥ (सुयमाः).

Suyamā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and yamā (यमा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Suyāma (सुयाम).—(= Pali id.), n. of the head of the yāma (q.v.) gods: Suyāmadevaputrapramukhāḥ yāmā (so read with v.l. and Calc., supported by Tibetan, for Lefm. suyāmā) devāḥ LV 364.15; yāmādhipatiṃ…ca suyāmaṃ Mv i.265.6 (so read for Senart Va-suyāmā, v.l. ca Suyāmā); note also LV 58.21; 302.6, in both of which the official position of S. is clear from the context; apparently the same, in general clearly a single individual, lord of his class, LV 44.10; 58.21; 241.1; 441.17; (formally not clear whether sg. or pl., but surely sg., LV 50.5; 327.18; 328.3;) Mv i.208.13; 230.13; 263.19; ii.11.1; iii.315.6; Mvy 3138; Mmk 69.5 (misprinted Sayāma); Bbh 340.14; cases where Su° seems to be pluralized, as if used for the class of yāma gods as a whole, are probably only apparent; so daśa ca Suyāma-devarāja-sahasrāṇi Gv 118.22, compare the parallel daśa ca śakra-devendra-śatasahasrāṇi 119.1 (Śakra was certainly a single individual; similar phrases with Vaśavarti 117.21; Sunirmita 118.3; and Saṃtuṣita 118.15); compare Gv 185.7; similarly in Gv 249.21 Suyāma- devarāja- is followed in 22 by parallel Śakra-devarāja- (and preceded by Vaśavarti- 17, Sunirmita- 18, and Saṃ- tuṣita- 20, all names of the individual rulers of their classes); and likewise Gv 331.8. Accordingly we should interpret Suyāma patiḥ RP 52.18 and Suyāmādhipatir Dbh.g. 53(79).14 as Suyāma the Lord (of yāma gods). In the Dbh.g. passage we find, to be sure, as a parallel, trayas- triṃśādhipo bhavet 53(79).8, which can only mean lord of the Trayastriṃśa (class); but note Saṃtuṣitādhipo 22, Sunirmitādhipo 54(80).1, and Vaśavartīśvaro (the Lord Vaśavartin) bhavet 9 (in all these adhipo, īśvaro may be separate words, not necessarily parts of cpds.!) and esp. Brahmā sāhasrikādhipaḥ 17. So in the RP context we find (52.17, verse) Brahmāpi Śakra api lokapatiḥ bhavate ca Saṃtusita devapatiḥ (may be read as separate words!), (18) Paranirmito 'pi ca Suyāma patiḥ (this may also be two words!)…

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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