Suddhodana, Śuddhodana, Shuddhodana, Suddhodāna: 12 definitions


Suddhodana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śuddhodana can be transliterated into English as Suddhodana or Shuddhodana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Suddhodana in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Śuddhodana (शुद्धोदन) is one of the four sons of king Siṃhahanu, an ancient king of the solar clan (āditagotra or sūryavaṃśa) according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). Accordingly, “King Śuddodana had two sons: 1) Fo, the Buddha, 2) Nant’o (Nanda)”. Note: Śuddhodana had two main wives: Māyā who gave birth to the Buddha and Mahāprajāpati who bore Nanda.

Suddhodana (सुद्धोदन) is mentioned as one of the five sons of Sīhahanu: an ancient king of the solar clan (āditagotra or sūryavaṃśa) according to the Singhalese chronicles mentioned in a footnote in the  Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). According to the Singhalese chronicles (Dīpavaṃsa III.45; Mahāvaṃsa II.20), Sīhahanu had five sons and two daughters: Suddhodana, Dhotodana, Sakkodana, Sukkodana, Amitodana, Amitā, Pamitā.

2) Śuddhodana (शुद्धोदन) is a king of Kapilavastu according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXIV). King Tsing fan (Śuddhodana) said to himself: “My son’s companions (parivāra), although animated by pure intention (cittaviśuddhi), are really not good-looking. I am going to choose among my sons and grandsons; each family will give one of their members to be a disciple of the Buddha”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Suddhodana in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A Sakiyan Raja of Kapilavatthu and father of Gotama Buddha.

He was the son of Sihahanu and Kaccana. His brothers were Dhotodana, Sakkodana, Sukkodana and Amitodana, and his sisters were Amita and Pamita.

Maya was his chief consort, and, after her death her sister Pajapati was raised to her position (Mhv.ii.15f.; Dpv.iii.45; J.i.15, etc.).

When soothsayers predicted that his son Gotama had two destinies awaiting him, either that of universal sovereignty or of Buddha hood, he exerted his utmost power to provide the prince with all kinds of luxuries in order to hold him fast to household life. It is said (E.g., J.i.54) that when Asita, who was his fathers chaplain and his own teacher, visited Suddhodana to see the newly born prince, and paid homage to the infant by allowing his feet to rest on his head, Suddhodana was filled with wonder and himself worshipped the child. And when, at the ploughing ceremony, Suddhodana saw how the jambu tree under which the child had been placed kept its shadow immoveable in order to protect him, and that the child was seated cross legged in the air, he again worshipped him (J.i.57f).

Later, when, in spite of all his fathers efforts, the prince had left household life and was practising austerities, news was brought to Suddhodana that his son had died owing to the severity of his penances. But he refused to believe it, saying that his son would never die without achieving his goal (J.i.67). When this was afterwards related to the Buddha, he preached the Mahadhammapala Jataka and showed that in the past, too, Suddhodana had refused to believe that his son could have died even when he was shown the heap of his bones.

When news reached Suddhodana that his son had reached Enlightenment, he sent a messenger to Veluvana in Rajagaha with ten thousand others to invite the Buddha to visit Kapilavatthu. But the messenger and his companions heard the Buddha preach, entered the Order, and forgot their mission. Nine times this happened. On the tenth occasion, Suddhodana sent Kaludayi with permission for him to enter the Order on the express condition that he gave the kings invitation to the Buddha. Kaludayi kept his promise and the Buddha visited Kapilavatthu, staying in the Nigrodharama. There, in reference to a shower of rain that fell, he preached the Vessantara Jataka. The next day, when Suddhodana remonstrated with the Buddha because he was seen begging in the streets of Kapilavatthu, the Buddha told him that begging was the custom of all Buddhas, and Suddhodana hearing this became a Sotapanna. He invited the Buddha to his palace, where he entertained him, and at the end of the meal the Buddha preached to the king, who became a sakadagami (J.i.90; cf. DhA.iii.164f). He became an anagami after hearing the Mahadhammapala Jataka (DhA.i.99; J.iv.55),

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: 84000: Mañjuśrī­mūla­kalpa (The Root Manual of the Rites of Mañjuśrī)

Śuddhodana (शुद्धोदन) is the name of a Śākya-born king descend from the solar Ikṣvāku dynasty, according to chapter 53 of the Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa, a large scripture devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) classified as a kriyā-tantra (containing practices of ritual purification).—Accordingly, “All the kings foretold for this eon Will have a short lifespan. On the banks of the Gaṅgā, In the valleys of the Himalayas, And also in the country of Kāmarūpa. [...] In Vaiśālī, at the time of V and Th, The last crown princes were Subhū and Mṛga. In the fine city of Kapilavastu, Where the Sage was born. The Śākya-born kings that ended with Śuddhodana Are said to descend from the solar Ikṣvāku dynasty. Śuddhodana is generally regarded as the last Śākya king Under whom the Śākyas prospered. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Suddhodana in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Śuddhodana (शुद्धोदन) refers to one of the five sons of Siṃhahanu: an ancient king from the Solar dynasty (sūryavaṃśa) and a descendant of Mahāsaṃmata, according to the Mahāvastu chapter II.32 of the Mahāsaṃghikas (and the Lokottaravāda school). Śuddhodana is known as Suddhodana according to the Dulva (the Tibetan translation of the Vinaya of the Sarvāstivādins).

Source: Buddhist Door: GlossaryPure Rice Prince, the father of Shakyamuni, ruled over the Sakyans at Kapilaratthu on the Nepalese border.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Suddhodana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śuddhodana (शुद्धोदन).—(= Pali Su°), name of a Śākyan ‘king’, Buddha's father: Mahāvastu i.352.13 ff., 355.19 ff. (his lineage and family); ii.2.18 ff.; etc.; Lalitavistara 26.6 ff.; 39.21 ff.; 55.14 ff.; 76.9 ff.; 117.19 ff.; 184.17; 185.19 ff.; 198.2 ff.; 211.3; 228.5; 237.18; Mahāvyutpatti 3599; Divyāvadāna 390.28 ff.; Avadāna-śataka ii.111.8 ff.; Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 200.1; 239.3; Gaṇḍavyūha 439.1 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śuddhodana (शुद्धोदन).—m.

(-naḥ) King of Kapila and father of Sakya. E. śuddha, odana rice, food.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śuddhodana (शुद्धोदन).—[masculine] [Name] of Buddha's father.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śuddhodana (शुद्धोदन):—[from śuddha > śundh] m. ‘having p° rice or food’, Name of a king of Kapila-vastu (of the tribe of the Śākyas and father of Gautama Buddha, [Buddhist literature; Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 21 etc.])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śuddhodana (शुद्धोदन):—[śuddho+dana] (naḥ) 1. m. King of Kapila, father of Sākya.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śuddhodana (शुद्धोदन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Suddhoaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Suddhodana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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