Suddhodana, aka: Śuddhodana, Shuddhodana, Suddhodāna; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Suddhodana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śuddhodana can be transliterated into English as Suddhodana or Shuddhodana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Suddhodana in Mahayana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

1) Śuddhodana (शुद्धोदन) is one of the four sons of king Siṃhahanu, an ancient king of the solar clan (āditagotra or sūryavaṃśa) according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). Accordingly, “King Śuddodana had two sons: 1) Fo, the Buddha, 2) Nant’o (Nanda)”. Note: Śuddhodana had two main wives: Māyā who gave birth to the Buddha and Mahāprajāpati who bore Nanda.

Suddhodana (सुद्धोदन) is mentioned as one of the five sons of Sīhahanu: an ancient king of the solar clan (āditagotra or sūryavaṃśa) according to the Singhalese chronicles mentioned in a footnote in the  Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). According to the Singhalese chronicles (Dīpavaṃsa III.45; Mahāvaṃsa II.20), Sīhahanu had five sons and two daughters: Suddhodana, Dhotodana, Sakkodana, Sukkodana, Amitodana, Amitā, Pamitā.

2) Śuddhodana (शुद्धोदन) is a king of Kapilavastu according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXIV). King Tsing fan (Śuddhodana) said to himself: “My son’s companions (parivāra), although animated by pure intention (cittaviśuddhi), are really not good-looking. I am going to choose among my sons and grandsons; each family will give one of their members to be a disciple of the Buddha”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Suddhodana in Theravada glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

A Sakiyan Raja of Kapilavatthu and father of Gotama Buddha.

He was the son of Sihahanu and Kaccana. His brothers were Dhotodana, Sakkodana, Sukkodana and Amitodana, and his sisters were Amita and Pamita.

Maya was his chief consort, and, after her death her sister Pajapati was raised to her position (Mhv.ii.15f.; Dpv.iii.45; J.i.15, etc.).

When soothsayers predicted that his son Gotama had two destinies awaiting him, either that of universal sovereignty or of Buddha hood, he exerted his utmost power to provide the prince with all kinds of luxuries in order to hold him fast to household life. It is said (E.g., J.i.54) that when Asita, who was his fathers chaplain and his own teacher, visited Suddhodana to see the newly born prince, and paid homage to the infant by allowing his feet to rest on his head, Suddhodana was filled with wonder and himself worshipped the child. And when, at the ploughing ceremony, Suddhodana saw how the jambu tree under which the child had been placed kept its shadow immoveable in order to protect him, and that the child was seated cross legged in the air, he again worshipped him (J.i.57f).

Later, when, in spite of all his fathers efforts, the prince had left household life and was practising austerities, news was brought to Suddhodana that his son had died owing to the severity of his penances. But he refused to believe it, saying that his son would never die without achieving his goal (J.i.67). When this was afterwards related to the Buddha, he preached the Mahadhammapala Jataka and showed that in the past, too, Suddhodana had refused to believe that his son could have died even when he was shown the heap of his bones.

When news reached Suddhodana that his son had reached Enlightenment, he sent a messenger to Veluvana in Rajagaha with ten thousand others to invite the Buddha to visit Kapilavatthu. But the messenger and his companions heard the Buddha preach, entered the Order, and forgot their mission. Nine times this happened. On the tenth occasion, Suddhodana sent Kaludayi with permission for him to enter the Order on the express condition that he gave the kings invitation to the Buddha. Kaludayi kept his promise and the Buddha visited Kapilavatthu, staying in the Nigrodharama. There, in reference to a shower of rain that fell, he preached the Vessantara Jataka. The next day, when Suddhodana remonstrated with the Buddha because he was seen begging in the streets of Kapilavatthu, the Buddha told him that begging was the custom of all Buddhas, and Suddhodana hearing this became a Sotapanna. He invited the Buddha to his palace, where he entertained him, and at the end of the meal the Buddha preached to the king, who became a sakadagami (J.i.90; cf. DhA.iii.164f). He became an anagami after hearing the Mahadhammapala Jataka (DhA.i.99; J.iv.55),

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Suddhodana in Buddhism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »
Pure Rice Prince, the father of Shakyamuni, ruled over the Sakyans at Kapilaratthu on the Nepalese border.Source: Buddhist Door: Glossary

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Suddhodana in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śuddhodana (शुद्धोदन).—(= Pali Su°), n. of a Śākyan ‘king’, Buddha's father: Mv i.352.13 ff., 355.19 ff. (his lineage and family); ii.2.18 ff.; etc.; LV 26.6 ff.; 39.21 ff.; 55.14 ff.; 76.9 ff.; 117.19 ff.; 184.17; 185.19 ff.; 198.2 ff.; 211.3; 228.5; 237.18; Mvy 3599; Divy 390.28 ff.; Av ii.111.8 ff.; Suv 200.1; 239.3; Gv 439.1 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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