Sthulasharira, Sthula-sharira, Sthulaśarīra: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Sthulasharira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Sthulaśarīra can be transliterated into English as Sthulasarira or Sthulasharira, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vedanta (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sthulasharira in Vedanta glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Vedanta

Sthulaśarīra (स्थुलशरीर) or the “gross body” is the material physical mortal body that eats, breathes and moves (acts). It is composed of many diverse components, produced by one’s karmas (actions) in past life out of the elements which have undergone panchikarana i.e. combining of the five primordial subtle elements.

It is the instrument of Jiva’s experience, which, attached to the body and dominated by Ahamkara, uses the body’s external and internal organs of sense and action. The Jiva, identifying itself with the body, in its waking state enjoys gross objects. On its body rests man’s contact with the external world.

The Sthula sarira’s main features are

  • Sambhava (birth),
  • Jara (old age or ageing)
  • and Maranam (death),
  • and the "Waking State".

The Sthula sarira is the anatman. The gross bodies, the subtle bodies and the causal worlds make one vast universe.

context information

Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sthulasharira in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sthūlaśārira (स्थूलशारिर) refers to the “gross body”, representing one of the three types of the body (śārira), as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.18. Accordingly, “the body (śarīra) is of three types: the gross (sthūla), the subtle (sūkṣma) and the causal (kāraṇa). [...] The gross body (sthūlaśārira) is responsible for all activities; [...] The Jīva experiences happiness as a result of virtue and misery as a result of sin. The Jīva bound by the rope of activities revolves round and round for ever like a wheel by means of the three types of body and their activities”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sthulasharira in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Sthūlaśarīra (स्थूलशरीर) refers to “gross bodies”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “May they, whom I have recollected and are satisfied, accept the vessel of the bali. All that is the Great Gathering [i.e., mahācakra] and (these are) the divine beings in the gathering. Present in gross [i.e., sthūlaśarīra] and subtle bodies, they are incarnated in women and their forms are mantras”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sthulasharira in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sthūlaśarīra (स्थूलशरीर).—n & a (S) See sthūladēha.

--- OR ---

sthūḷaśarīra (स्थूळशरीर).—&c. The Prakrit or poetic form of writing sthūla, sthūladēha &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sthulasharira in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sthūlaśarīra (स्थूलशरीर).—the grosser or material and perishable body (opp. sūkṣma or liṅga-śarīra q. v.)

Derivable forms: sthūlaśarīram (स्थूलशरीरम्).

Sthūlaśarīra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sthūla and śarīra (शरीर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthūlaśarīra (स्थूलशरीर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Large-bodied. n.

(-raṃ) The external or material body, (as opposed to sūkṣmaśarīra). E. sthūla, śarīra body.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthūlaśarīra (स्थूलशरीर).—[neuter] the material body (ph.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sthūlaśarīra (स्थूलशरीर):—[=sthūla-śarīra] [from sthūla > sthūl] n. the gross or material and perishable body with which a soul clad in its subtle body is invested (opp. to sūkṣmaand liṅga-s, qq.vv.), [Vedāntasāra; Religious Thought and Life in India 35]

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. large-bodied, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthūlaśarīra (स्थूलशरीर):—[sthūla-śarīra] (raḥ-rā-raṃ) a. Corpulent. n. Material body.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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