Simhamukha, Simha-mukha, Siṃhamukha: 6 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Simhamukha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

Siṃhamukha (सिंहमुख).—One of the Twenty-eight Single Hands (hasta):—Siṃha-mukha (lion-face): the tips of the middle and third fingersare applied to the thumb, the rest extended. Usage: coral, pearl, fragrance, stroking the hair, a drop of water, salvation (mokṣa) when placed on the heart, homa, hare, elephant, waving kusa grass, lotus garland, lion-face, testing the preparationof medicine.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Siṃhamukha (सिंहमुख) refers to a kind of weapon (lion-mouth-shaped missile). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Simhamukha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Siṃhamukha (सिंहमुख) is the name of a ‘river mouth’ (mukha) into which the lake Anavatapta flows from its northern corner, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV). Accordingly, At the northern boundaries (of Jambudvīpa), in the Snowy Mountains (Himavat), there is lake called Anavatapta. At the four corners of the lake there are four mouths from which the water flows out: at the north, the Lion’s Mouth (Che tseu t’eou = siṃhamukha). In the north, the Lion’s Mouth empties into the Sseu t’o (Sītā). Its bed also consists of golden sand (suvarānavālukā). The Sītā comes from the mountain in the north and empties into the northern ocean (uttarasamudra).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Simhamukha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Siṃhamukha (सिंहमुख).—(nt.), lit. lion's mouth, (1) a spout or opening thru which water was conducted into or out of a pond: aṣṭottaraṃ ca °kha-śataṃ yena gandhodakaṃ praviśati tasyāḥ…puṣkiriṇyāḥ (ms., ed. em. puṣka°), aṣṭaśatam eva °khānāṃ yena punar eva tad vāri nirvahati Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 40.15 f.; (2) an instrument of torture (compare ulkāmukha 1 and Pali rāhumukha, Majjhimanikāya (Pali) i.87.13 with commentary ii.58.28): °khaṃ vā hriyamāṇasya Śikṣāsamuccaya 182.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Siṃhamukha (सिंहमुख):—[=siṃha-mukha] [from siṃha] mfn. l°-faced

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of one of Śiva’s attendants, [Harivaṃśa]

3) [v.s. ...] of a scholar, [Buddhist literature]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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