Simhavikridita, Siṃhavikrīḍita, Simha-vikridita: 5 definitions

Introduction

Simhavikridita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[«previous (S) next»] — Simhavikridita in Natyashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Siṃhavikrīḍita (सिंहविक्रीडित).—One of the 108 karaṇas (minor dance movement) mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 4. The instructions for this siṃhavikrīḍita-karaṇa is as follows, “after observing the Alātā Cārī one is to move swiftly and hands to follow the feet.”.

A karaṇa represents a minor dance movements and combines sthāna (standing position), cārī (foot and leg movement) and nṛttahasta (hands in dancing position).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Simhavikridita in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Siṃhavikrīḍita (सिंहविक्रीडित) is the name of a samādhi (concentration), according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV). Accordingly, “then the Bhagavat, on the same lion-seat (siṃhāsana), entered into the concentration called Lion’s Play (siṃhavikrīḍita) and, by the action of his miraculous superknowledge, shook the trisāhasramahāsāhasralokadhātu which trembled in six different ways”.

Why is this samādhi called Lion’s Play (siṃhavikrīḍita)?

1) Just as the lion (siṃha) who has taken a gazelle (mṛga) plays with it as a master, so the Buddha, having entered this samādhi, can upset the world in every way and thus make it shake in six different ways.

2) Moreover, sometimes the lion plays, and when he plays, all the animals are reassured; in the same way, when the Buddha enters this samādhi, he shakes the trisāhasramahāsāhasralokadhātu in such a way that beings in the three evil destinies (durgati) simultaneously attain cessation (nirvṛtti) and all will reach salvation (yogakṣema).

3) Finally, the Buddha is called the man-lion (puruṣasiṃha) and the samādhi of the Lion’s Play is the samādhi of the Buddha’s Play. When he enters this samādhi, he causes the great earth (mahāpṛthivī) to shake in six different ways and all beings deep in the hells (niraya) and the two unfortunate destinies (durgati) all receive deliverance (vimokṣa) and are reborn amongst the gods. Such is his ‘Play’.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Simhavikridita in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Siṃhavikrīḍita (सिंहविक्रीडित, “lion’s sport”) refers to one of the “four concentrations” (samādhi) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 136). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., siṃha-vikrīḍita). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Simhavikridita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Siṃhavikrīḍita (सिंहविक्रीडित).—(1) name of a Bodhisattva: Mahāvyutpatti 683; (probably the same; not a Tathāgata with Index) Śikṣāsamuccaya 173.13, 18 (voc.; separate from foll. words); (2) name of a samādhi: Mahāvyutpatti 509 (not in Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā); Dharmasaṃgraha 136.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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