Simhakarna, Siṃhakarṇa, Simha-karna: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Simhakarna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography

Siṃhakarṇa (सिंहकर्ण) is another name for the Kaṭakahasta, a pose of the hand usally depicted on the hands of goddesses (for the purpose of containing fresh flowers). The tips of the fingers are loosely applied to the thumb (forming a ring), resembling a lion’s ear.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Siṃhakarṇa (सिंहकर्ण) or Siṃhakarṇahasta refers to “lion’s ear” and represents one of the twenty-four gestures with a single hand, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Accordingly, pratimā-lakṣaṇa (body postures of the icons) is comprised of hand gestures (hasta, mudrā or kai-amaiti), stances/poses (āsanas) and inflexions of the body (bhaṅgas). There are thirty-two types of hands [viz., siṃhakarṇa-hasta] classified into two major groups known as tolirkai (functional and expressive gestures) and elirkai (graceful posture of the hand).

Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Siṃhakarṇa (सिंहकर्ण) or Siṃhakarṇamudrā refers to the “lion’s ear hand gesture” and represents one of the various hand-poses (hastas or mudrās) defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—In siṃhakarṇa-mudrā, according to Kāśyapaśilpaśāstra (64.13b-14a), the middle finger remains bent and reaches the middle of the palm; the ring finger is half-bent; and other fingers are slightly bent. In general, this gesture, especially the index finger and little finger, resembles the lion’s ear. As per Liebert, this mudrā resembling the lion’s ear signifies the hand pose of the right hand having just released the bowstring when shooting-off an arrow, this pose being very similar to that of holding a flower in kaṭaka-mudrā.

Gopinatha Rao holds that both kaṭaka and siṃhakarṇa gestures are identical. However, the siṃhakarṇa-mudrā differs from kaṭaka-mudrā with reference to the position of the fingers.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Simhakarna in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Siṃhakarṇa (सिंहकर्ण) is the name of an Antaradvīpa, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“The Mlecchas are free from (knowledge of) virtue and vice, and also those born in the Antaradvīpas. The 56 Antaradvīpas are as follows: Half of them are to the east and west of Kṣudrahimavat in the four intermediate directions, beginning with northeast. [...] Beyond them (i.e., after Aśvamukha, Hastimukha, Siṃhamukha, Vyāghramukha), at 700 yojanas in distance, with the same length and width are Aśvakarṇa, Siṃhakarṇa, Hastikarṇa, and Karṇaprāvaraṇa”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Simhakarna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Siṃhakarṇa (सिंहकर्ण).—a corner orifice containing lion-figures; यद्वेदिकातोरणसिंह- कर्णै रत्नैर्दधानं प्रतिवेश्म शोभाम् (yadvedikātoraṇasiṃha- karṇai ratnairdadhānaṃ prativeśma śobhām) Bu. Ch.1.5.

Derivable forms: siṃhakarṇaḥ (सिंहकर्णः).

Siṃhakarṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms siṃha and karṇa (कर्ण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Siṃhakarṇa (सिंहकर्ण):—[=siṃha-karṇa] [from siṃha] m. ([probably]) Name of a place [gana] takṣaśilādi

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Siṃhakarṇa (सिंहकर्ण):—Nomen proprium gaṇa takṣaśilādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 93.] — Vgl. saiṃhakarṇa .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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