Shaibya, Saibya, Śaibya, Śaibyā: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Shaibya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śaibya and Śaibyā can be transliterated into English as Saibya or Shaibya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Śaibya (शैब्य).—One of the great archers on the side of the Pāṇḍavas during the Kurukṣetra war; one of the four horses that drove Lord Kṛṣṇa’s chariot; one of the wives of Lord Kṛṣṇa, after the Lord's disappearance she entered fire and attained the spiritual world.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Hands of Famous Emperors.—Śaibya: Sūci hand with the finger twisted upward.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Śaibya (शैब्य).—An ancient King of India. He was the father of Sṛñjaya and a close friend of Sage Nārada and Sage Parvata. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 55, Verse 7).

2) Śaibya (शैब्य).—King of the Śibi land. Mahābhārata gives the following pieces of information about him:—

2) (i) Govāsa, King of Śibi land was the father-in-law of Yudhiṣṭhira. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 95, Verse 76).

2) (ii) Śaibya adorned Yudhiṣṭhira’s assembly. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 25).

2) (iii) Śaibya and the King of Kāśī had come to Upaplavya city with an "Akṣauhiṇī" (division of the army) to attend the marriage of Abhimanyu. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 72, Verse 16).

2) (iv) Duryodhana admitted that Śaibya was the greatest archer in the army of the Pāṇḍavas. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 20, Verse 5).

2) (v) During the Bhārata Yuddha, Śaibya and the King of Kāśī were standing to protect Dhṛṣṭadyumna’s "Krauñcavyūha". (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 50, Verse 56).

2) (vi) This Śaibya was the grandson of Uśīnara. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 10, Verse 64).

3) Śaibya (शैब्य).—Name of a horse tied to Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s chariot. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapters 20, 22, and 283).

4) Śaibya (शैब्य).—A Kṣatriya hero born in the Vṛṣṇi family. In Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 34, we read that he learnt Dhanurveda (science of archery) from Arjuna and shone in Yudhiṣṭhira’s assembly.

5) Śaibya (शैब्य).—A Kṣatriya King who was defeated by Śrī Kṛṣṇa. There is a reference to this Śaibya in Mahābhārata, Dākṣiṇātya Pāṭha, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 38

6) Śaibya (शैब्य).—A warrior who fought against the Pāṇḍavas on the side of Kauravas. He fought from the "Sarvatobhadravyūha" formed by Bhīṣma. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 99, Verse 2).

7) Śaibya (शैब्य).—King of Sauvīra land. When Jarāsandha invaded Gomanta city, Śaibya was put in charge of the defence of the western gate of that city. (Bhāgavata, 10th Skandha). His daughter Ratnā married Akrūra. (Matsya Purāṇa, Chapter 45, Verse 28).

8) Śaibyā (शैब्या).—One of the wives of King Sagara. Sagara had two wives named Sumati and Keśinī. In Devī Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha we see that Sumati had another name, "Vaidarbhī" and Keśinī had another name, "Śaibyā". Prince Asamañjasa was the son of Śaibyā.

9) Śaibyā (शैब्या).—Queen of Dyumatsena, the King of Sālva. This Śaibyā was the mother of Satyavān. (See under Satyavān).

10) Śaibyā (शैब्या).—One of the wives of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. When her husband Śrī Kṛṣṇa renounced his body, this Śaibyā jumped into the fire and was burnt to death. (Mahābhārata Mausala Parva, Chapter 7, Verse 73).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Śaibya (शैब्य).—The king of Suvīras: placed on the west during the siege of Gomanta by Jarāsandha;1 joined the Pāṇḍavas against the Kurus;2 his daughter Ratnā, was married to Akrūra.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 52. 11 [12].
  • 2) Ib. X. 78 [95 (v) 13].
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 45. 28.

1b) The name of a horse of the chariot of Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 53. 5; 89. 49.

2) Śaibyā (शैब्या).—(Śaivyā) wife of Jyāmagha: welcomed by Draupadī to Hāstinapura.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 34; X. 71. 43; Viṣṇu-purāṇa 12. 14.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śaibyā (शैब्या) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.46). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śaibyā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Śaibya is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.46.54) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Saibya (सैब्‍य): A ruler friendly to the Pandavas.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaibya (शैब्य).—See शैव्य (śaivya).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaibya (शैब्य).—[adjective] relating to the Śibis; [masculine] a descendant of Śibi or a king of the Cibis.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaibya (शैब्य):—[from śaiba] mfn. (often written śaivya) relating or belonging to the Śibis, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a descendant of Śibi or king of the Śibis, [Praśna-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the four horses of Viṣṇu, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) Śaibyā (शैब्या):—[from śaibya > śaiba] f. (cf. under śaiba) Name of various princesses, [Mahābhārata; Caṇḍa-kauśika]

5) [v.s. ...] of a river, [Mahābhārata]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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