The Agni Purana

by N. Gangadharan | 1954 | 360,691 words | ISBN-10: 8120803590 | ISBN-13: 9788120803596

This page describes Description of herbs used in charms, medicines etc. which is chapter 141 of the English translation of the Agni Purana, one of the eighteen major puranas dealing with all topics concerning ancient Indian culture, tradition and sciences. Containing roughly 15,000 Sanskrit metrical verses, subjects contained in the Agni-Purana include cosmology, philosophy, architecture, iconography, economics, diplomacy, pilgrimage guides, ancient geography, gemology, ayurveda, etc.

Chapter 141 - Description of herbs used in charms, medicines etc.

[Sanskrit text for this chapter is available]

The Lord said:

I. I shall describe the effect of the herbs arranged in 36 squares which were used by lords Brahmā, Rudra and Indra and which if used make men immortals.

2-5. (They are)harītaki, akṣi, dhātri, marīca, pippalī, śilphā, vahni, śuṇṭhī, pippalī, guḍūcī, vacā, nimba, vāsaka, śatamūli, saindhava, sindhuvāraka, kaṇṭakārī, gokṣurakā, bilva, paunarnavā, balā, eraṇḍamuṇḍī, rucaka, bhṛṅga, kṣāra, parpaṭa, dhanyāka, jīraka, śatapuṣpī, javānikā, viḍaṅga, khadira, kṛtamāla, haridrā, and siddhārtha located in the 36 squares.

6-10. The herbs duly counted from one and placed in all squares are highly efficacious in curing ailments, making (men) immortal and cure wrinkles and baldness. Their crushed powder compounded and treated with mercury and used as an electuary with pieces of jaggery, honey or ghee or as an astringent or through the medium of ghee or oil taken by all would save their lives. One can take half a karṣa[1] or one karṣa or half a pala[2] or one pala and may live for 300 years although he may be pursuing an indisciplined way of life. There is no other combination more (efficacious) than this remedy reviving the dead.

11. One gets free from all diseases by the combination of the first nine (herbs). One gets free from aches by (the use of) second, third and fourth (herbs).

12. So also (one gets free from all diseases by the use of) six herbs from first to sixth as well as ninth.

13. One gets free from wind (affecting the body) by (the use of herbs) one to eight and from biles by agni (third) bhāskara (twelfth), twenty-sixth and twenty-seventh.

14. One gets cured of (deranged) phlegm by (the use of herbs) bāṇa (fifth), ṛtu (sixth), śaila (seventh) vasu (eighth) and tithi (fifteenth). (Herbs denoted by) veda (four), agni (three), bāṇa (five) and six would be (efficacious) against (diseases caused by) charm.

15. One would get freed from (all afflictions due to) planets and being possessed (by goblins) by (the due use of herbs denoted by) one, two, three, six, seven, eight, nine and eleven.

16. There is no doubt that (they would also be cured by herbs denoted) by thirty-two, fifteen and twelve. This knowledge relating to thirty-six places should not be imparted to everyone.

Footnotes and references:


One karṣa is equal to 16 māṣas where māṣa stands for the weight of a kind of grain.


One pala is equal to 4 karṣas.

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