Manopakarana, Mana-upakarana, Mānopakaraṇa: 3 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Manopakarana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

[«previous next»] — Manopakarana in Vastushastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Mānopakaraṇa (मानोपकरण):—A Sanskrit technical term, roughly corresponding to the “primary conceptual instrument of measurement”, as used in the science of Hindu architecture (also known as the Vāstu-śāstra). It is explained in texts such as the Mānasāra.

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra

Mānopakaraṇa (मानोपकरण).—The compound mānopakaraṇa is comprised of the nouns māna and upakaraṇa. The latter, upakaraṇa, derives from upa + √kṛ. The prefix upa, having the senses of “nearness” and “subordination,” modifies the meaning of the generic root √kṛ, “to do, make,” as “to furnish with, bring near, prepare, arrange, serve.” Upakaraṇa has the senses of both the act [of furnishing, bringing near], and its instrument, The compound is glossed commonly as a ṣaṣṭī-tatpuruṣa, which reads as mānasya-upakaraṇam, and is translated as “instruement of measurement.” In this interpretation, mānopakaraṇa has a concrete sense, and encompasses both conceptual and physical instruments.

If both māna and upakaraṇa are translated in their more abstract senses as “measure” and “instrumentality” resepctively, then the interpretation of the compound assumes a more “essential” sense, as “the instrumentality of measure.” The concrete sense of mānopakaraṇa as “an actual instrument of measurement” may be understood as deriving from its essential sense.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra (iconography)

Mānopakaraṇa (मानोपकरण, “instrument of measurement”).—In this interpretation, mānopakaraṇa has a concrete sense, and encompasses both conceptual and physical instruments. In the Mānasāra, the primary conceptual instrument of measurement is the basic system of units of measurement. However, a more expanded reading of mānopakaraṇa would extend its scope a1so to systems of iconographic measurement, as weil as āyādi ṣaḍvarga, the set of six formulae used to verify the measurements for auspiciousness against astrological contingencies. These are the specifically “arithmetical” instruments.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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