Shadguna, Ṣaḍguṇa, Sadguna, Shash-guna, Sat-guna: 6 definitions

Introduction

Shadguna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ṣaḍguṇa can be transliterated into English as Sadguna or Shadguna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama

During the first phase of the manifestation of the universe (Śuddha-sṛṣṭi), the six attributes of the Supreme Being make their appearance. These six attributes together form the "body" of the Supreme Being who gets the name vāsudeva thereby.

  1. jñānam,
  2. aiśvarya,
  3. Śakti,
  4. bala,
  5. vīrya,
  6. tejas.

In their totality these six qualities form the "body" of the Highest Being—God Vāsudeva and His consort Lakṣmī. (ṣaḍguṇa-vigraham-devam). The Pancarātra teaches a chain of other emanations proceeding from these six qualities, each oneoriginating from the one before, just as one flame proceeds from another flame. The primary emanations are known as Vyūha

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shadguna in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Ṣaḍguṇa (षड्गुण).—The six qualities or attributes of Bhagavān (God). Aiśvaryam (prosperity), Vīryam (prowess), Vairāgyam (non-attachment or renunciation), Vijñānam (super-knowledge), Śrī (welfare and prosperity) and Yaśas (fame, reputation) are the six attributes of Bhagavān. (See full article at Story of Ṣaḍguṇa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Ṣaḍguṇa (षड्गुण).—Six kingly or political policies. Sandhi, Vigraha, Yāna, Āsana, Dvaidha and Āśraya are the six policies of state-craft. (Manusmrti, Chapter 8, Verse 160) Sandhi. To enter into peace and concord with the enemy is Sandhi. One may make peace for one’s own benefit with the enemy, who is powerful and is fighting. There are sixteen kinds of sandhi called Kapālasandhi, etc. No kind of peace or treaty should be made with twenty kinds of kings, i.e. infants; old men; one suffering from chronic disease; cast out by one’s own people; coward; one whose supporters are cowards; miser; one whose people are misers; who is very much addicted to women and such other material things; one, who has not a mind of one’s own and is ruled by more than one adviser; he, who does not respect Devas and brahmins; one hated or forsaken by God; blasphemer; one subject to scarcity and sorrow; one not with satisfactory army; local person; one with many enemies; one whose days are numbered and one devoid of truth and righteousness. One shall only fight and not enter into peace with the above types of people.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sadguṇa (सद्गुण).—m (S) A good quality, affection, or property.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ṣaḍguṇa (षड्गुण).—m pl The six attributes (of God). The six properties, functions of rājanīti &c. ṣaḍguṇaiśvaryasampanna Perfect with the majesty of the six attributes-used of the deity &c.; a saint.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṣaḍguṇa (षड्गुण).—a. (-ṣaḍguṇa) 1 sixfold.

2) having six attributes. (-ṇam) 1 an assemblage of six qualities.

2) the six expedients to be used by a king in foreign politics; see under गुण (guṇa) (21); cf. षाड्गुण्य (ṣāḍguṇya) also.

Ṣaḍguṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ṣaṣ and guṇa (गुण).

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Sadguṇa (सद्गुण).—a. (sadguṇa) possessed of good qualities, virtuous,

-ṇaḥ virtue, excellence, goodness, good quality.

Sadguṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sat and guṇa (गुण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaḍguṇa (षड्गुण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) Six-fold, six times. n.

(-ṇaṃ) An assemblage, of six qualities or properties. mf.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā) The six acts of a king in his military character, viz. “sandhi” alliance, “vigraha” war, “yāna” march, “sthāna” halt, “āsana” strategem, and “dvaidhībhāva” aid of other kings. E. ṣaṣ and guṇa a time.

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Sadguṇa (सद्गुण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) 1. Good, pure, virtuous. 2. Excellent, eminent. E. sat, guṇa quality.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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