Shadguna, Ṣaḍguṇa, Sadguna, Shash-guna, Sat-guna: 13 definitions


Shadguna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ṣaḍguṇa can be transliterated into English as Sadguna or Shadguna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama

During the first phase of the manifestation of the universe (Śuddha-sṛṣṭi), the six attributes of the Supreme Being make their appearance. These six attributes together form the "body" of the Supreme Being who gets the name vāsudeva thereby.

  1. jñānam,
  2. aiśvarya,
  3. Śakti,
  4. bala,
  5. vīrya,
  6. tejas.

In their totality these six qualities form the "body" of the Highest Being—God Vāsudeva and His consort Lakṣmī. (ṣaḍguṇa-vigraham-devam). The Pancarātra teaches a chain of other emanations proceeding from these six qualities, each oneoriginating from the one before, just as one flame proceeds from another flame. The primary emanations are known as Vyūha

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shadguna in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Ṣaḍguṇa (षड्गुण).—The six qualities or attributes of Bhagavān (God). Aiśvaryam (prosperity), Vīryam (prowess), Vairāgyam (non-attachment or renunciation), Vijñānam (super-knowledge), Śrī (welfare and prosperity) and Yaśas (fame, reputation) are the six attributes of Bhagavān. (See full article at Story of Ṣaḍguṇa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Ṣaḍguṇa (षड्गुण).—Six kingly or political policies. Sandhi, Vigraha, Yāna, Āsana, Dvaidha and Āśraya are the six policies of state-craft. (Manusmrti, Chapter 8, Verse 160) Sandhi. To enter into peace and concord with the enemy is Sandhi. One may make peace for one’s own benefit with the enemy, who is powerful and is fighting. There are sixteen kinds of sandhi called Kapālasandhi, etc. No kind of peace or treaty should be made with twenty kinds of kings, i.e. infants; old men; one suffering from chronic disease; cast out by one’s own people; coward; one whose supporters are cowards; miser; one whose people are misers; who is very much addicted to women and such other material things; one, who has not a mind of one’s own and is ruled by more than one adviser; he, who does not respect Devas and brahmins; one hated or forsaken by God; blasphemer; one subject to scarcity and sorrow; one not with satisfactory army; local person; one with many enemies; one whose days are numbered and one devoid of truth and righteousness. One shall only fight and not enter into peace with the above types of people.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Ṣaḍguṇa (षड्गुण) refers to the “six qualities (of learning)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.28. Accordingly as Śiva said to Satī:—“[...] people wounded with arrows by enemies are not so pained as when their vulnerable points are hit by the taunting words of kinsmen. O beloved, the wicked people do not observe that their own status is being hit when they attack good men endowed with the six qualities [i.e., ṣaḍguṇa] of learning (vidyā)”.

2) Sadguṇa (सद्गुण) refers to “good qualities”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.25 (“The seven celestial sages test Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as the seven Sages said (with false words) to Pārvatī: “[...] A befitting bridegroom for you is lord Viṣṇu endowed with all good qualities [i.e., sarva-sadguṇa]. He is a resident of Vaikuṇṭha, lord of wealth and is skilled in sports. O Pārvatī, with him we shall fix your marriage that will confer all happiness on you. Leave off this obduracy. Be happy. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Ṣāḍguṇa (षाड्गुण) refers to a type of battle (warfare) policy, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. [...] He must be able to interpret the language and gestures of fighting men [i.e., senā] and the like; he must be learned in the Ṣaḍguṇa and Upāya policies; [...]”.

Ṣāḍguṇa are six—

  1. Sandhi or reconciliation with the enemy.
  2. Vigraha or open battle.
  3. Yāna or proceeding to battle or other strategic movement,
  4. Āsana or stopping in the capital,
  5. Dvayidham or of two enemies to join one with a view to defeat the other.
  6. Āśraya or submission.
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sadguṇa (सद्गुण).—m (S) A good quality, affection, or property.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ṣaḍguṇa (षड्गुण).—m pl The six attributes (of God). The six properties, functions of rājanīti &c. ṣaḍguṇaiśvaryasampanna Perfect with the majesty of the six attributes-used of the deity &c.; a saint.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṣaḍguṇa (षड्गुण).—a. (-ṣaḍguṇa) 1 sixfold.

2) having six attributes. (-ṇam) 1 an assemblage of six qualities.

2) the six expedients to be used by a king in foreign politics; see under गुण (guṇa) (21); cf. षाड्गुण्य (ṣāḍguṇya) also.

Ṣaḍguṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ṣaṣ and guṇa (गुण).

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Sadguṇa (सद्गुण).—a. (sadguṇa) possessed of good qualities, virtuous,

-ṇaḥ virtue, excellence, goodness, good quality.

Sadguṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sat and guṇa (गुण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaḍguṇa (षड्गुण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) Six-fold, six times. n.

(-ṇaṃ) An assemblage, of six qualities or properties. mf.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā) The six acts of a king in his military character, viz. “sandhi” alliance, “vigraha” war, “yāna” march, “sthāna” halt, “āsana” strategem, and “dvaidhībhāva” aid of other kings. E. ṣaṣ and guṇa a time.

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Sadguṇa (सद्गुण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) 1. Good, pure, virtuous. 2. Excellent, eminent. E. sat, guṇa quality.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaḍguṇa (षड्गुण).—1. [masculine] the six qualities (ph.).

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Ṣaḍguṇa (षड्गुण).—2. [adjective] sixfold.

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Sadguṇa (सद्गुण).—1. [masculine] good quality, virtue.

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Sadguṇa (सद्गुण).—2. [adjective] having good qualities, virtuous.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṣaḍguṇa (षड्गुण):—[=ṣaḍ-guṇa] [from ṣaḍ > ṣaṣ] m. [plural] the qualities perceived by the five senses and Manas, [Garbha-upaniṣad; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] the six excellencies or advantages, [Harivaṃśa]

3) [v.s. ...] the six acts or measures to be practised by a king in warfare (viz. saṃdhi, ‘peace’, vigraha, ‘war’, yāna, ‘marching’, āsana, ‘sitting encamped’, dvaidhī-bhāva, ‘dividing his forces’, saṃśraya, ‘seeking the protection of a more powerful king’), [ib.; Daśakumāra-carita]

4) [v.s. ...] n. an assemblage of six qualities or properties, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) [v.s. ...] mfn. sixfold, six times, [Hitopadeśa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

6) [v.s. ...] n. having six excellencies or advantages, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

7) Sadguṇa (सद्गुण):—[=sad-guṇa] [from sad > sat] m. a g° quality, virtue, [Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. having g° qual°, virtuous, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṣaḍguṇa (षड्गुण):—[ṣa-ḍguṇa] (ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) a. Six-fold. n. Six qualities; six duties of a king.

2) Sadguṇa (सद्गुण):—[(ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) a.] Good, excellent.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shadguna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ṣaḍguṇa (ಷಡ್ಗುಣ):—

1) [noun] (pl.) the qualities percieved by the senses and the mind.

2) [noun] the six excellencies or advantages, viz. beauty or handsomeness, education, mettle, knowledge, good fortune, and ownership of land.

3) [noun] the six acts or measures to be practised by a king in a warfare, viz. peace, war, marching, sitting encamped, dividing his forces and seeking the protection from a more powerful king.

4) [noun] the six merits disposition of forgiving, compassion, peacefulness, tolerance, truthfulness and steadfastness.

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Sadguṇa (ಸದ್ಗುಣ):—[noun] a good quality; virtue.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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