Ari, aka: Āri; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ari means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Ari (अरि).—Ārṣeya pravara (Aṅgiras).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 196. 10.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of ari in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Ari refers to “the enemy” and represents one of the twelve categories of the maṇḍala system laid out by Kauṭilya (4th century BCE) and Kāmandaka (7th century A.D.). These twelve cateogires of state can be broadly applied to Gaṇapatideva  (r. 1199-1262 A.D.) and the Kākatīya empire. The enemy was the Velanāṭi-coḍas who were controlling entire coastal Āndhra.

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)
Arthashastra book cover
context information

Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

Discover the meaning of ari in the context of Arthashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Āri (आरि).—tad. affix applied to the word पूर्वतर (pūrvatara) when the whole word refers to a year, e.g.परारि (parāri) in the last year; cf. B.V.3.22 Vārt. 2.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Discover the meaning of ari in the context of Vyakarana from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geogprahy

Ari (“ebony”) is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Kurubas (a tribe of South India). The Kurubas are sub-divided into clans or gumpus, each having a headman or guru called a gaudu, who gives his name to the clan. And the clans are again sub-divided into gotras or septs (viz., Ari).

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Ari.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘six’; cf. ari-ṣaḍ-varga. Note: ari is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of ari in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

ari : (m.) enemy.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Ari, (Ved. ari; fr. ) an enemy.—The word is used in exegesis & word expln, thus in etym. of arahant (see ref. under arahant v.); of bhūri Ps. II, 197.—Otherwise in late language only, e.g. Sdhp. 493 (°bhūta). See also arindama & aribhāseti. (Page 77)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of ari in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

ari (अरि).—m S An enemy.

--- OR ---

arī (अरी).—f A cobbler's awl. Pr. gāṇḍīkhālīṃ arī āṇi cāmbhāra pōra mārī Used when people run wildly about to look for what they hold in their hands. 2 An iron spike (as of a playing-top, of a large hand-mill &c.), a goad &c. 3 (Better harī) A line or row (as of trees or standing-crops).

--- OR ---

ārī (आरी).—See under अ.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ari (अरि).—m An enemy. arimardana a Enemy- killer or destroyer.

--- OR ---

arī (अरी).—f A cobbler's awl. An iron spike (as of a large hand-mill &c.).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of ari in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ari (अरि).—a. [ṛ-in] Moving, going, reaching; obtaining, aspiring, devoted to, zealous (Ved.).

-riḥ 1 An enemy, foe (cf. Uṇ.4.138); (used in the Veda like an adjective in the sense of 'ungenerous', 'malicious', 'not worshipping or devoted', 'hostile'); विजितारिपुरःसरः (vijitāripuraḥsaraḥ) R.1.59,61; 4.4.

2) An enemy of mankind (said of the six feelings which disturb man's mind); कामः क्रोध- स्तथा लोभो मदमोहौ च मत्सरः (kāmaḥ krodha- stathā lobho madamohau ca matsaraḥ); कृतारिषड्वर्गजयेन (kṛtāriṣaḍvargajayena) Ki.1.9.

3) A species of खदिर (khadira) or Mimosa (viṭkhadira; Mar. śeṇyā khaira).

4) Name of the number six (from the six enemies).

5) Name of a condition in astronomy.

6) Any part of a carriage.

7) A wheel, also a disk, अन्योऽन्यहस्तकलितैः कति मूर्तिभेदाः, शम्भोर्हरेरिव गदारिसरोजशङ्खैः (anyo'nyahastakalitaiḥ kati mūrtibhedāḥ, śambhorhareriva gadārisarojaśaṅkhaiḥ) Līlā.

8) A lord, master.

9) The wind.

1) A pious or religious man.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of ari in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 125 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Keshari
Kesarī (केसरी).—A forest King who lived in the Mahā Meru. While Kesarī was living in the Mahāme...
Nagari
Nagari (नगरि) or Nagara is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middl...
Tarakari
Tārakāri (तारकारि).—m. an epithet of Kārtikeya; जेयस्तारकसूदनो युधि करक्रीडत्कुठारस्य च (jeyast...
Mallari
Mallārī (मल्लारी).—f. (-rī) One the of Raginis or divisions of the musical mode Megha.
Bhutari
Bhūtāri (भूतारि).—m. (-riḥ) Asafœtida. E. bhūta and ari a foe.
Sarpari
Sarpāri (सर्पारि).—m. (-riḥ) An ichneumon. E. sarpa a snake, and ari an enemy; equally applicab...
Kaphari
Kaphāri (कफारि).—dry ginger. Derivable forms: kaphāriḥ (कफारिः).Kaphāri is a Sanskrit compound ...
Arimardana
Arimardana (अरिमर्दन).—a. crushing or trampling foes, destroying enemies. Arimardana is a Sansk...
Vatari
Vātāri (वातारि) is another name for Putradātrī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to v...
Kushthari
Kuṣṭhāri (कुष्ठारि).—m. (-riḥ) 1. A fetid mimosa, (M. Farnesiana.) 2. The Khayar or Catechu: (M...
Purari
Purāri (पुरारि).—m. (-riḥ) Siva. E. pura the demon pura, or more properly Tripura, and ari foe.
Pulomari
Pulomāri (पुलोमारि).—m. (-riḥ) The god Indra. E. puloma the demon Puloma, and ari enemy.
Pamari
Pāmāri (पामारि).—m. (-riḥ) Sulphur. E. pāmā scab, and ari an enemy.
Jitari
Jitāri (जितारि).—Son of Avīkṣit born of the family of Pūru. Avīkṣit was the son of King Kuru. M...
Kamari
1) Kāmāri (कामारि) or Kāmārimūrti refers to one of the twenty-eighth forms (mūrti) of Śiva ment...

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: