Krauncadvipa, aka: Kraunca-dvipa, Krauñcadvīpa; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Krauncadvipa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Kraunchadvipa.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Krauncadvipa in Purana glossaries]

Krauñcadvīpa (क्रौञ्चद्वीप) is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Jyotiṣmān, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Priyavrata was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

These are the seven major mountains in Krauñcadvīpa:

  1. Vidyullata (or, Raivata),
  2. Mānasa (or, Pāvaka),
  3. Andhakāra (or, Acchodaka),
  4. Devāvṛta (or, Surāpa),
  5. Deviṣṭha (or, Kāñcanaśṛṅga),
  6. Govinda (or, Dvivinda),
  7. Puṇḍarīka (or, Toyāsaha).

These are the seven regions situated in Krauñcadvīpa:

  1. Kuśala (or, Mādhava),
  2. Vāmaka (or, Saṃvartaka),
  3. Uṣṇavān (or, Saprakāśa),
  4. Pāvaka (or, Sudarśana),
  5. Adhakāra (or, Sammoha),
  6. Munideśa (or, Prakāśa),
  7. Dundubhi (or, Anartha).

These are the seven major rivers situated in Krauñcadvīpa:

  1. Gauri (or, Puṣpavahā),
  2. Kumudvatī (Ārdravatī),
  3. Sandhyā (or Raudrā),
  4. Rātrī (or, Sukhāvahā),
  5. Manojavā (or, Bhogajavā),
  6. Khyāti (or, Kṣiprodā),
  7. Puṇḍarīka (or, Bahulā).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Krauñcadvīpa (क्रौञ्चद्वीप).—(ISLAND OF KRAUÑCA). One of the Saptadvīpas (seven islands). The seven islands are Jambūdvīpa, Plakṣadvīpa, Śālmalīdvīpa, Kuśadvīpa, Krauñcadvīpa, Śākadvīpa and Puṣkaradvīpa. (Devī Bhāgavata Skandha 8). Krauñcadvīpa is described as follows in Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 12:—In this island there are the mountains Krauñca, Vāmanaka, Andhakāra, Maināka, Govinda, Nibiḍa, and Viṣkambha. The various countries in this island are Kuśala, Manonuga, Uṣṇa, Prāvaraka, Andhakāraka, Munideśa, Dundubhisvana etc.

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

[Krauncadvipa in Katha glossaries]

Krauñcadvīpa (क्रौञ्चद्वीप).—One of the seven continents (dvīpa) of Bhūrloka (earth).—In the Krauñcadvīpa, there is Krauñca mountain. The Krauñcadvīpa is encircled by an ocean (samudra) of curd.

(Source): Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha
Katha book cover
context information

Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[Krauncadvipa in Shaivism glossaries]

Krauñcadvīpa (क्रौञ्चद्वीप) refers to one of the seven continents (saptadvīpa) situated within the world of the earth (pṛthivī), according to Parākhyatantra 5.61. It is also known as plainly Krauñca. These continents are located above the seven pātālas and may contain even more sub-continents within them, are round in shape, and are encircled within seven concentric oceans.

According to the Parākhya-tantra, “beyond that is the continent Krauñca, where Kārttikeya threw his spear of great power and slew the great demon Krauñca. Beyond that is the ocean of clarified butter, where the creator, in a sacrifice (kratu), placed a great deal of clarified butter to give pleasure to the gods; that is why it is known as the ocean of clarified butter”.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[Krauncadvipa in Kavya glossaries]

Krauñcadvīpa (क्रौञ्चद्वीप) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—It is one of the seven Dvīpas of the world. This is said to be encircled by the Dadhi Ocean.

(Source): Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 467 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Jambudvipa
Jambūdvīpa (जम्बूद्वीप).—One of the Purāṇically famous Saptadvīpas (seven continents). These se...
Kraunca
1) Krauñca (क्रौञ्च).—An Asura. In Vāmana Purāṇa, Chapter 57 it is mentioned that this Asura wa...
Pushkaradvipa
Puṣkaradvīpa (पुष्करद्वीप) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvya...
Dvipa
Dvīpa (द्वीप).—[dvirgatā dvayordiśorvā gatā āpo yatra; dvi-ap, apa īp]1) An island.2) A place o...
Saptadvipa
Saptadvīpā (सप्तद्वीपा).—an epithet of the earth; पुरा सप्तद्वीपां जयति वसुधामप्रतिरथः (purā sa...
Shakadvipa
Śākadvīpa (शाकद्वीप).—One of the Saptadvīpas (seven islands). Sañjaya once gave Dhṛtarāṣṭra a d...
Nagadvipa
Nāgadvīpa (नागद्वीप).—A region inside the island Sudarśana. This region has the shape of the ea...
Shalmalidvipa
Śālmalidvīpa (शाल्मलिद्वीप).—One of the seven islands. General. Śālmali island, which is double...
Kushadvipa
Kuśadvīpa (कुशद्वीप).—One of the seven islands. Kuśa island is rich in pearls. (Bhīṣma Parva, C...
Sindhudvipa
Sindhudvīpa (सिन्धुद्वीप).—A King of the Solar dynasty. (Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter ...
Nandishvaradvipa
Nandīśvaradvīpa (नन्दीश्वरद्वीप).—According to both Digambaras and Śvetāmbaras, Nandīśvara Dvīp...
Plakshadvipa
Plakṣadvīpa (प्लक्षद्वीप) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyam...
Shvetadvipa
Śvetadvīpa (श्वेतद्वीप).—An island. It was on this island that Mahāviṣṇu performed his austere ...
Manidvipa
Maṇidvīpa (मणिद्वीप).—The abode of Devī. Devī resides in this island which is far beyond Kailās...
Krauncasana
Krauñcāsana (क्रौञ्चासन) is the name of an āsana (posture) described in the Haṭhābhyāsapaddhati...

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