Krauncadvipa, Kraunca-dvipa, Krauñcadvīpa: 8 definitions


Krauncadvipa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Kraunchadvipa.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Krauncadvipa in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Krauñcadvīpa (क्रौञ्चद्वीप) is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Jyotiṣmān, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Priyavrata was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

These are the seven major mountains in Krauñcadvīpa:

  1. Vidyullata (or, Raivata),
  2. Mānasa (or, Pāvaka),
  3. Andhakāra (or, Acchodaka),
  4. Devāvṛta (or, Surāpa),
  5. Deviṣṭha (or, Kāñcanaśṛṅga),
  6. Govinda (or, Dvivinda),
  7. Puṇḍarīka (or, Toyāsaha).

These are the seven regions situated in Krauñcadvīpa:

  1. Kuśala (or, Mādhava),
  2. Vāmaka (or, Saṃvartaka),
  3. Uṣṇavān (or, Saprakāśa),
  4. Pāvaka (or, Sudarśana),
  5. Adhakāra (or, Sammoha),
  6. Munideśa (or, Prakāśa),
  7. Dundubhi (or, Anartha).

These are the seven major rivers situated in Krauñcadvīpa:

  1. Gauri (or, Puṣpavahā),
  2. Kumudvatī (Ārdravatī),
  3. Sandhyā (or Raudrā),
  4. Rātrī (or, Sukhāvahā),
  5. Manojavā (or, Bhogajavā),
  6. Khyāti (or, Kṣiprodā),
  7. Puṇḍarīka (or, Bahulā).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Krauñcadvīpa (क्रौञ्चद्वीप).—(ISLAND OF KRAUÑCA). One of the Saptadvīpas (seven islands). The seven islands are Jambūdvīpa, Plakṣadvīpa, Śālmalīdvīpa, Kuśadvīpa, Krauñcadvīpa, Śākadvīpa and Puṣkaradvīpa. (Devī Bhāgavata Skandha 8). Krauñcadvīpa is described as follows in Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 12:—In this island there are the mountains Krauñca, Vāmanaka, Andhakāra, Maināka, Govinda, Nibiḍa, and Viṣkambha. The various countries in this island are Kuśala, Manonuga, Uṣṇa, Prāvaraka, Andhakāraka, Munideśa, Dundubhisvana etc.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Krauncadvipa in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha

Krauñcadvīpa (क्रौञ्चद्वीप).—One of the seven continents (dvīpa) of Bhūrloka (earth).—In the Krauñcadvīpa, there is Krauñca mountain. The Krauñcadvīpa is encircled by an ocean (samudra) of curd.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Krauñcadvīpa (क्रौञ्चद्वीप) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—It is one of the seven Dvīpas of the world. This is said to be encircled by the Dadhi Ocean.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Krauncadvipa in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Krauñcadvīpa (क्रौञ्चद्वीप) refers to one of the seven continents (saptadvīpa) situated within the world of the earth (pṛthivī), according to Parākhyatantra 5.61. It is also known as plainly Krauñca. These continents are located above the seven pātālas and may contain even more sub-continents within them, are round in shape, and are encircled within seven concentric oceans.

According to the Parākhya-tantra, “beyond that is the continent Krauñca, where Kārttikeya threw his spear of great power and slew the great demon Krauñca. Beyond that is the ocean of clarified butter, where the creator, in a sacrifice (kratu), placed a great deal of clarified butter to give pleasure to the gods; that is why it is known as the ocean of clarified butter”.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Krauncadvipa in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Krauñcadvīpa (क्रौञ्चद्वीप) or simply Krauñca refers to a country [identified with a part of the Himālayan range (situated in the eastern part of the chain on the north of Assam)], belonging to “Dakṣiṇa or Dakṣiṇadeśa (southern division)” classified under the constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā represent the southern division consisting of [i.e., Krauñcadvīpa] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Krauncadvipa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Krauñcadvīpa (क्रौञ्चद्वीप):—[=krauñca-dvīpa] [from krauñca] m. Name of a Dvīpa (See krauñca), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Krauncadvipa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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