Shakadvipa, aka: Śākadvīpa, Shaka-dvipa; 6 Definition(s)


Shakadvipa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śākadvīpa can be transliterated into English as Sakadvipa or Shakadvipa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Shakadvipa in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śākadvīpa (शाकद्वीप) is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Medhātithi, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Priyavrata was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

These are the seven major mountains in Śākadvīpa:

  1. Udaya,
  2. Jaladhāra (or, Candra),
  3. Śvetaka,
  4. Rajata (or, Śāka),
  5. Āmbikeya (or, Vibhrājasa),
  6. Kesarī.
  7. ?

These are seven main rivers situated there:

  1. Sukumārī,
  2. Kumārī,
  3. Nandā,
  4. Veṇikā,
  5. Dhenu,
  6. Ikṣumatī,
  7. Gabhasti.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Śākadvīpa (शाकद्वीप):—This dvīpa is twive in area to the Krauñcadvīpa and it encircles the Dadhimaṇḍodaka sea. The people here live a long life and there is no fear of famine, pestilence and old age for them.

The seven mountains in this dvīpa are as follows:

  1. Meru (or Udaya), extending towards the east;
  2. Jaladhāra;
  3. Raivataka;
  4. Śyāma;
  5. Asta;
  6. Āmbikeya (or Ambikāyā),
  7. Ramya (or Keśari).

The corresponding varṣas are:

  1. Jalada,
  2. Sukumāra,
  3. Kaumāra,
  4. Maṇīcaka,
  5. Kusumottara,
  6. Modāka
  7. and Mahādruma.

At the centre of this dvīpa is a great Śāka tree which is an object of worship. With it the Devas, Gandharvas, Siddhas and Cāraṇas sport.

The seven rivers in this dvīpa are:

  1. Sukumārī (or Anutaptā),
  2. Kumārī,
  3. Nandā,
  4. Śivetikā (or Śivenikā, or Tridivā),
  5. Ikṣu,
  6. Dhenukā
  7. (?).

These rivers have their own numerous tributaries which flow towards the region where the rains fall. There are many cities and prosperous janapadas in this dvīpa which is surrounded by the Kṣīroda sea. Here the varṇāśrama system works smoothly, the people being free from vices, such as, greed, anger, etc. Here taxation and laws do not exist.

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Śākadvīpa (शाकद्वीप).—One of the Saptadvīpas (seven islands). Sañjaya once gave Dhṛtarāṣṭra a description of this island. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 11). Jambūdvīpa, Plakṣadvīpa, Śālmalidvīpa, Kuśadvīpa, Krauñcadvīpa, Śākadvīpa and Puṣkaradvīpa are the Saptadvīpas. (Devī Bhāgavata, 8th Skandha).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Śākadvīpa (शाकद्वीप).—Thirty-two lakhs of yojanas in extent and encircled by sea of curds (Dadhimaṇḍoda) (Kṣīroda, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) of equal dimension; takes its name from a great śāka tree; ruled by a son of Priyavrata, Medhātithi who divided it among his seven sons and retired to forest; here Vāyu is worshipped by Prāṇāyāma;1 divided into seven kingdoms bearing the respective names of the seven sons of the first king Havya (Bhavya, Viṣṇu-purāṇa), a grandson of Svāyambhuva; contains seven streams, several towns and villages; people here follow svadharma and varṇāśrama dharma;2 seven mountains;3 one of the seven continents, double the size of the Krauñcadvīpa; the four castes in it; Vangas, Magadhas, Mānasas and Mandagas; Viṣṇu stands in the form of Sūrya.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 24-28.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 13; 19. 27, 80-107; 21. 73; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 13; 49. 74; 50. 127.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 122. 1.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 14; 2. 5; IV. 58. 71.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of shakadvipa or sakadvipa in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Katha (narrative stories)

Shakadvipa in Katha glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śākadvīpa (शाकद्वीप).—One of the seven continents (dvīpa) of Bhūrloka (earth).—The Śākadvīpa possesses the mountain named, Śāka (see Matsya-purāṇa 123.1-64). The Śākadvīpa is encircled by an ocean (samudra) of milk.

Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha
Katha book cover
context information

Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

Discover the meaning of shakadvipa or sakadvipa in the context of Katha from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Shakadvipa in Shaivism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śākadvīpa (शाकद्वीप) refers to one of the seven continents (saptadvīpa) situated within the world of the earth (pṛthivī), according to Parākhyatantra 5.61. It is also known as plainly Śāka. These continents are located above the seven pātālas and may contain even more sub-continents within them, are round in shape, and are encircled within seven concentric oceans.

According to the Parākhya-tantra, “outside that is the continent Śāka, where the great Śāka tree stands. Because of its length a band was put about it by Indra. Beyond that is the ocean called ‘Milk’, in which there is pure milk. This ocean was drunk from by Upamanyu as much as he wished”.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of shakadvipa or sakadvipa in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 1763 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Śaka (शक).—m. (-kaḥ) 1. A sovereign, and prince who gives his name to an era, especially applie...
Jambu-dvīpa or Jambū-dvīpa.—(CII 1), used in the sense of ‘the earth’ or the dominions of the M...
Dvipa (द्विप).—m. (-paḥ) 1. An elephant. 2. A plant, (Mesua ferrea.) E. dvi two, and pa who dri...
Puṣkaradvīpa (पुष्करद्वीप) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvya...
Saptadvīpā (सप्तद्वीपा).—(-pā) An epithet of the earth.
Nāgadvīpa (नागद्वीप).—A region inside the island Sudarśana. This region has the shape of the ea...
Śvetadvipa (श्वेतद्विप).—m. (-paḥ) 1. A White elephant. 2. Indra'S elephant. E. śveta white, an...
Plakṣadvīpa (प्लक्षद्वीप).—One of the seven dvīpas (islands). (See under Saptadvīpa.)
Śālmalidvīpa (शाल्मलिद्वीप).—One of the seven islands. General. Śālmali island, which is double...
Kuśadvīpa (कुशद्वीप).—One of the seven islands. Kuśa island is rich in pearls. (Bhīṣma Parva, C...
Krauñcadvīpa (क्रौञ्चद्वीप).—(ISLAND OF KRAUÑCA). One of the Saptadvīpas (seven islands). The s...
Suvarṇadvīpa (सुवर्णद्वीप) is one of the two Upamelāpaka (‘sacred spot’) present within the Kāy...
Śakāntaka (शकान्तक).—m. (-kaḥ) 1. The prince Vikpamaditya. 2. The name of Sali- Vahana. E. śaka...
Maṇidvīpa (मणिद्वीप).—m. (-paḥ) 1. The crest or hood of the great serpent Ananta. 2. Name of an...
Sindhudvīpa (सिन्धुद्वीप).—A King of the Solar dynasty. (Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter ...

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: