Shakadvipa, aka: Śākadvīpa, Shaka-dvipa; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Shakadvipa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śākadvīpa can be transliterated into English as Sakadvipa or Shakadvipa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Shakadvipa in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śākadvīpa (शाकद्वीप) is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Medhātithi, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Priyavrata was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

These are the seven major mountains in Śākadvīpa:

  1. Udaya,
  2. Jaladhāra (or, Candra),
  3. Śvetaka,
  4. Rajata (or, Śāka),
  5. Āmbikeya (or, Vibhrājasa),
  6. Kesarī.
  7. ?

These are seven main rivers situated there:

  1. Sukumārī,
  2. Kumārī,
  3. Nandā,
  4. Veṇikā,
  5. Dhenu,
  6. Ikṣumatī,
  7. Gabhasti.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Śākadvīpa (शाकद्वीप):—This dvīpa is twive in area to the Krauñcadvīpa and it encircles the Dadhimaṇḍodaka sea. The people here live a long life and there is no fear of famine, pestilence and old age for them.

The seven mountains in this dvīpa are as follows:

  1. Meru (or Udaya), extending towards the east;
  2. Jaladhāra;
  3. Raivataka;
  4. Śyāma;
  5. Asta;
  6. Āmbikeya (or Ambikāyā),
  7. Ramya (or Keśari).

The corresponding varṣas are:

  1. Jalada,
  2. Sukumāra,
  3. Kaumāra,
  4. Maṇīcaka,
  5. Kusumottara,
  6. Modāka
  7. and Mahādruma.

At the centre of this dvīpa is a great Śāka tree which is an object of worship. With it the Devas, Gandharvas, Siddhas and Cāraṇas sport.

The seven rivers in this dvīpa are:

  1. Sukumārī (or Anutaptā),
  2. Kumārī,
  3. Nandā,
  4. Śivetikā (or Śivenikā, or Tridivā),
  5. Ikṣu,
  6. Dhenukā
  7. (?).

These rivers have their own numerous tributaries which flow towards the region where the rains fall. There are many cities and prosperous janapadas in this dvīpa which is surrounded by the Kṣīroda sea. Here the varṇāśrama system works smoothly, the people being free from vices, such as, greed, anger, etc. Here taxation and laws do not exist.

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Śākadvīpa (शाकद्वीप).—One of the Saptadvīpas (seven islands). Sañjaya once gave Dhṛtarāṣṭra a description of this island. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 11). Jambūdvīpa, Plakṣadvīpa, Śālmalidvīpa, Kuśadvīpa, Krauñcadvīpa, Śākadvīpa and Puṣkaradvīpa are the Saptadvīpas. (Devī Bhāgavata, 8th Skandha).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Śākadvīpa (शाकद्वीप).—Thirty-two lakhs of yojanas in extent and encircled by sea of curds (Dadhimaṇḍoda) (Kṣīroda, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) of equal dimension; takes its name from a great śāka tree; ruled by a son of Priyavrata, Medhātithi who divided it among his seven sons and retired to forest; here Vāyu is worshipped by Prāṇāyāma;1 divided into seven kingdoms bearing the respective names of the seven sons of the first king Havya (Bhavya, Viṣṇu-purāṇa), a grandson of Svāyambhuva; contains seven streams, several towns and villages; people here follow svadharma and varṇāśrama dharma;2 seven mountains;3 one of the seven continents, double the size of the Krauñcadvīpa; the four castes in it; Vangas, Magadhas, Mānasas and Mandagas; Viṣṇu stands in the form of Sūrya.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 24-28.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 13; 19. 27, 80-107; 21. 73; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 13; 49. 74; 50. 127.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 122. 1.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 14; 2. 5; IV. 58. 71.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Shakadvipa in Katha glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śākadvīpa (शाकद्वीप).—One of the seven continents (dvīpa) of Bhūrloka (earth).—The Śākadvīpa possesses the mountain named, Śāka (see Matsya-purāṇa 123.1-64). The Śākadvīpa is encircled by an ocean (samudra) of milk.

Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha
Katha book cover
context information

Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Shakadvipa in Shaivism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śākadvīpa (शाकद्वीप) refers to one of the seven continents (saptadvīpa) situated within the world of the earth (pṛthivī), according to Parākhyatantra 5.61. It is also known as plainly Śāka. These continents are located above the seven pātālas and may contain even more sub-continents within them, are round in shape, and are encircled within seven concentric oceans.

According to the Parākhya-tantra, “outside that is the continent Śāka, where the great Śāka tree stands. Because of its length a band was put about it by Indra. Beyond that is the ocean called ‘Milk’, in which there is pure milk. This ocean was drunk from by Upamanyu as much as he wished”.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 1607 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Shaka
Śaka.—(EI 24), originally, the Seythians; later any foreigners including Muhammadans; used to i...
Jambudvipa
Jambūdvīpa (जम्बूद्वीप).—One of the Purāṇically famous Saptadvīpas (seven continents). These se...
Pushkaradvipa
Puṣkaradvīpa (पुष्करद्वीप) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvya...
Dvipa
Dvīpa (द्वीप).—[dvirgatā dvayordiśorvā gatā āpo yatra; dvi-ap, apa īp]1) An island.2) A place o...
Saptadvipa
Saptadvīpā (सप्तद्वीपा).—an epithet of the earth; पुरा सप्तद्वीपां जयति वसुधामप्रतिरथः (purā sa...
Nagadvipa
Nāgadvīpa (नागद्वीप).—A region inside the island Sudarśana. This region has the shape of the ea...
Kushadvipa
Kuśadvīpa (कुशद्वीप).—One of the seven islands. Kuśa island is rich in pearls. (Bhīṣma Parva, C...
Krauncadvipa
Krauñcadvīpa (क्रौञ्चद्वीप).—(ISLAND OF KRAUÑCA). One of the Saptadvīpas (seven islands). The s...
Shalmalidvipa
Śālmalidvīpa (शाल्मलिद्वीप).—One of the seven islands. General. Śālmali island, which is double...
Manidvipa
Maṇidvīpa (मणिद्वीप).—m. (-paḥ) 1. The crest or hood of the great serpent Ananta. 2. Name of an...
Sindhudvipa
Sindhudvīpa (सिन्धुद्वीप).—A King of the Solar dynasty. (Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter ...
Nandishvaradvipa
Nandīśvaradvīpa (नन्दीश्वरद्वीप).—According to both Digambaras and Śvetāmbaras, Nandīśvara Dvīp...
Plakshadvipa
Plakṣadvīpa (प्लक्षद्वीप) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyam...
Shvetadvipa
Śvetadvīpa (श्वेतद्वीप).—An island. It was on this island that Mahāviṣṇu performed his austere ...
Sakantaka
Sakaṇṭaka (सकण्टक).—a.1) Thorny, prickly.2) Troublesome, dangerous.-kaḥ The aquatic plant शैवल ...

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