Plakshadvipa, aka: Plaksha-dvipa, Plakṣadvīpa; 4 Definition(s)


Plakshadvipa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Plakṣadvīpa can be transliterated into English as Plaksadvipa or Plakshadvipa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Plakshadvipa in Purana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Plakṣadvīpa (प्लक्षद्वीप) is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Vapuṣmān, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. It is also known by the name Kuśadvīpa. Priyavrata was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Plakṣadvīpa (प्लक्षद्वीप):—The seven varṣas in this dvīpa are:—

  1. Gomeda (or Śātabhaya, or Śāntamaya);
  2. of Candra the varṣa is Śikhara,
  3. of Nārada the varṣa is Sukhodaya,
  4. of Dundubhi the varṣa is Ānanda,
  5. of Somaka the varṣa is Śiva,
  6. of Ṛsabha the varṣa is Kṣemaka,
  7. of Vaibhrāja the varṣa is Dhruva.

Here the Devas, Gandharvas, Siddhas and the Cāraṇas rejoice. The corresponding seven rivers in these seven varṣas are:

  1. Anutaptā,
  2. Sutaptā,
  3. Niṣpāpā,
  4. Muditā,
  5. Kratu,
  6. Amṛtā
  7. and Sukṛtā.

Thus is the river Gaṅgā there with her seven courses (?). These rivers have their own numerous tributaties and they flow (towards the region ?) where the rain falls.

The following janapadas drink the waters of these rivers:

  1. Śubha (?),
  2. Śāntavaha,
  3. Pramada (?),
  4. Śiva,
  5. Ānanda,
  6. Dhruva
  7. and the Kṣemaka.

They follow the varṇāśrama, are ever healthy and free from any disease and fear. Here the yugas are not obtained and the conditions are always as in the Tretā age. The people enjoy a life of 5000 years. There is a great Plakṣa tree in this dvīpa whence it has derived its name. This tree is worshipped.

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Plakṣadvīpa (प्लक्षद्वीप).—Twice as broad as the Jambūdvīpa and thrice its width and in circumference; Agni, the God of fire shines there; its first ruler Idhmajihva divided it among his seven sons after whose names the countries became known; there are several rivers and (seven vā p.) mountains; people are engaged in sun worship; surrounded by the sea an age of 5000 (0) years and enjoy always the felicities of the tretāyuga wealth, health, etc; in its midst is the Plakṣa tree sacred to Śiva.1 Another version—one of the nine continents, Medhātithi being the first king. Divided it among his seven sons, named as Śantahaya, Śiśira, Sukhadeya, Ānanda, Śiva, Kṣemaka, and Dhruva. Gomeda was one of its seven mountains. The four castes are named aryaka, kurarā, vidiśya and bhāvina. Viṣṇu resides here as Soma.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 1. 32; 20. 1-7; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 11-15; 19. 1-31, 138; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 1-28.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 12; 2. 5; 4. 2-20.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Plakshadvipa in Kavya glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Plakṣadvīpa (प्लक्षद्वीप) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—One of the seven dvīpas in the world. It is the first dvīpa from Jambū, which is situated in the middle of the earth.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 492 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Jambūdvīpa (जम्बूद्वीप).—One of the Purāṇically famous Saptadvīpas (seven continents). These se...
Puṣkaradvīpa (पुष्करद्वीप) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvya...
Plakṣa (प्लक्ष) is the name of a tree (Pākaḍī) that is associated with the Nakṣatra (celestial ...
Dvīpa (द्वीप).—[dvirgatā dvayordiśorvā gatā āpo yatra; dvi-ap, apa īp]1) An island.2) A place o...
Saptadvīpā (सप्तद्वीपा).—an epithet of the earth; पुरा सप्तद्वीपां जयति वसुधामप्रतिरथः (purā sa...
Śākadvīpa (शाकद्वीप).—One of the Saptadvīpas (seven islands). Sañjaya once gave Dhṛtarāṣṭra a d...
Nāgadvīpa (नागद्वीप).—A region inside the island Sudarśana. This region has the shape of the ea...
Kuśadvīpa (कुशद्वीप).—One of the seven islands. Kuśa island is rich in pearls. (Bhīṣma Parva, C...
Śālmalidvīpa (शाल्मलिद्वीप).—One of the seven islands. General. Śālmali island, which is double...
Krauñcadvīpa (क्रौञ्चद्वीप).—(ISLAND OF KRAUÑCA). One of the Saptadvīpas (seven islands). The s...
Maṇidvīpa (मणिद्वीप).—m. (-paḥ) 1. The crest or hood of the great serpent Ananta. 2. Name of an...
Sindhudvīpa (सिन्धुद्वीप).—A King of the Solar dynasty. (Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter ...
Nandīśvaradvīpa (नन्दीश्वरद्वीप).—According to both Digambaras and Śvetāmbaras, Nandīśvara Dvīp...
Śvetadvīpa (श्वेतद्वीप).—An island. It was on this island that Mahāviṣṇu performed his austere ...
Gomedadvīpa (गोमेदद्वीप) refers to one of the seven continents (saptadvīpa) situated within the...

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