Kushadvipa, Kuśadvīpa, Kusha-dvipa: 7 definitions

Introduction

Kushadvipa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kuśadvīpa can be transliterated into English as Kusadvipa or Kushadvipa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kushadvipa in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Kuśadvīpa (कुशद्वीप) is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 87. In chapter 74 this island was identified as Plakṣadvīpa, which is ruled over by Vapuṣmān, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

These are the seven major mountains in Kuśadvīpa:

  1. Kumuda (or, Vidruma),
  2. Hemaparvata (or, Droṇa),
  3. Puṣpavān (or, Kaṅka),
  4. Kuśeśaya (or, Agnimān),
  5. ?
  6. Mahiṣa (or, Hari),
  7. Kakudhra (or, Mandara).

These are the seven major rivers found in Kuśadvīpa:

  1. Pratoyā (or, Praveśā),
  2. Śivā (or, Yaśodā),
  3. Citrā (or, Kṛṣṇā),
  4. Hrādinī (or, Candrā),
  5. Vidyullatā (or, Śuklā),
  6. Varṇā (or, Vibhāvarī),
  7. Mahatī (or, Dhṛti).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kuśadvīpa (कुशद्वीप).—One of the seven islands. Kuśa island is rich in pearls. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 13). Jambū, Plakṣa, Śālmalī, Kuśa, Krauñca, Śāka and Puṣkara are the seven islands (Saptadvīpas). Śālmalī island has double the area of Plakṣa. Each island, in this order, is twice as large as the preceding one. (Devī Bhāgavata, 8th Skandha).

Kuśa island encircles the sea of Surā (Wine.) Jyotiṣmān was the chief over the island. He had seven sons called Udbhida, Veṇumān, Vairatha, Lambana, Dhṛti, Prabhākara and Kapila. The Subcontinents, are called by their names. In Kuśa island, along with Daityas and Dānavas, Men, Devas, Gandharvas, Kinnaras and Kimpuruṣas live. There are four castes of people there called Damis, Śuṣmis, Snehas and Mandehas, all of them leading righteous lives. The above four castes form the Brahmin, Kṣatriya, Vaiśya and Sūdra people in the island. There are six mountains there called Vidruma, Hemaśaila, Dyutimān, Puṣpavān, Kuśeśaya and Harimandira. There are also seven rivers there called Dhūtapāpā, Śivā, Pavitrā, Sammati, Vidyut, Ambhā and Mahī. These rivers annihilate sins. There are also other small rivers there. There is a Kuśastamba (a cluster of Kuśa grass) in the island. The stamba which glows like fire illuminates the island by its light and lustre. (Bhāgavata). The Kuśa island is encircled by the Ghṛta ocean. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa Part II, Chapter 4).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kushadvipa in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha

Kuśadvīpa (कुशद्वीप).—One of the seven continents (dvīpa) of Bhūrloka (earth).—The Kuśadvīpa possesses the cluster of Kuśas. The Kuśadvīpa is encircled by an ocean (samudra) of milk.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Kuśadvīpa (कुशद्वीप) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—One of the seven Dvīpas of the world, which is surrounded by the Sarpis-samudra.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kushadvipa in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Kuśadvīpa (कुशद्वीप) refers to one of the seven continents (saptadvīpa) situated within the world of the earth (pṛthivī), according to Parākhyatantra 5.61. It is also known as plainly Kuśa. These continents are located above the seven pātālas and may contain even more sub-continents within them, are round in shape, and are encircled within seven concentric oceans.

According to the Parākhya-tantra, “beyond that is the continent Kuśa, where Brahmā grasped Kuśa grass and began the marriage of Śiva with oblations. Beyond that is the ocean of curds, where the creator, for the sake of satisfying the whole universe, in a sacrifice (kratu) gave this large quantity of curds”.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kushadvipa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuśadvīpa (कुशद्वीप):—[=kuśa-dvīpa] [from kuśa] m. Name of one of the seven large Dvīpas or divisions of the universe, [Mahābhārata xiii, 673; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Matsya-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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