Sandhana, Sandhāna: 10 definitions

Introduction

Sandhana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Sandhāna (सन्धान, “taking an aim”) refers to one of the four acts related to the bow (dhanus). It is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 11. Accordingly, “taking an aim (sandhāna) is to put the arrow to the bow”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (S) next»] — Sandhana in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Sandhāna (सन्धान) is the name of a minister of king Bāhubala, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 43. The story of Sandhāna and Bāhubala was narrated by Rājyadhara in order to demonstrate that “a fair woman, like Fortune, of her own accord chooses a man of high courage”, as well as that “wives and wealth leave the mean-spirited man and of their own accord come to the high-spirited man from every quarter”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Sandhāna, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Sandhāna (सन्धान) or Sandhānakalpanā refers to “fomented preparation” and is dealt with in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations (viz., sandhāna) which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs. It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A householder of Rajagaha. He was a follower of the Buddha, and it was his conversation with the Paribbajaka Nigrodha that led to the preaching of the Udumbarika Sihanada Sutta.

Buddhaghosa says (DA.iii.832) that he was the leader of five hundred upasakas and was an anagamin. On one occasion, the Buddha sang his praises in the assembly for six qualities which he possessed. In the Anguttara he is mentioned in a list of eminent lay disciples (A.iii.451; cf. Dvy.540).

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Sandhāna (सन्धान, “pickles”) refers to an article of food classified as abhakṣya (forbidden to eat) according to Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246). By sandhāna are meant pickles or preserves of bael and other fruits.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Sandhana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sandhana : (nt.) one's own property. || sandhāna (nt.) uniting; conciliation.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sandhāna, (nt.) (fr. saṃ+dhā) 1. uniting, conciliation, friendship DA. I, 74; DhsA. 113.—2. bond, fetter Ud. 77 (read sandāna?). (Page 678)

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Sandhana, (nt.) (saṃ+dhana) property, belongings M. II, 180. (Page 678)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sandhana (संधन).—n A sort of anvil. Note. sandhana, vaṭāṅga, & khurā are the same instrument; but the first word is in use amongst the jīnagara people, and the two latter amongst the smiths and farriers.

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sandhāna (संधान).—n (S sam Together, dhā To hold &c. Hence Joining, uniting, connecting, blending, mingling, binding, associating, combining &c.; which meaning, although unknown in Maraṭhi, is the foundation or spring of the meanings following.) The bringing of measures or means to bear; the harmonious application of expedients, resources, powers; the concentration or consociation of efforts, energies, talents, towards the accomplishment or performance of. 2 The proper way or line of procedure towards the accomplishment of; the process or course to be observed. 3 Aim, bearing, leaning, tendency; the direction, front, or indicative aspect assumed. Used of the mind, the will, the eye, a missile weapon &c. 4 Attention, advertence, heed, regard, the bearing of the mind and faculties.

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sāndhaṇa (सांधण).—See sāndaṇa, sāndaṇapātra &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sandhāna (संधान).—n The bringing of measures to bear. Aim. Attention.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sandhāna (सन्धान).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Holding together, uniting, joining. 2. Tying, binding. 3. Fixing, (as an arrow.) 4. Peace, alliance. 5. Association, company. 6. Supporting, reception, receiving, sustaining. 7. Mixing, joining, intimate union or combination. 8. A relish, something eaten to excite thirst. 9. Sourrice-gruel. 10. Pickles, &c., acid preparation of the Bel and other fruits. 11. Spirituous liquor. 12. Contracting the skin, &c. by astringent applications. 13. A joint. nf. (-naṃ-nī) Distillation, distilling, the manufacture of spirituous liquors. f. (-nī) A braziery, a foundery, a place where the base metals are stored or wrought. E. sam together, dhā to hold, aff. lyuṭ .

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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