Prapti, aka: Prāpti; 14 Definition(s)


Prapti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Prapti in Yoga glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Prāpti (प्राप्ति) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “ability to obtain anything desired”, as described in the Yoga Sūtras of Patañjali.

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga
Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Prāpti (प्राप्ति, “attainment”) refers to one of the thirty-six “characteristic features” (lakṣaṇa) of perfect ‘poetic compositions’ (kāvyabandha) and ‘dramatic compositions’ (dṛśyakāvya, or simply kāvya). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17, these thirty-six lakṣaṇas act as instructions for composing playwrights. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

2) Prāpti (प्राप्ति, “accession”) refers to the ‘accession’ of the anticipated joyful conclusion of the plot. Prāpti represents one of the twelve mukhasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. Mukhasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the opening part (mukha)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Prāpti (प्राप्ति, “discovery”).—One of the thirty-six lakṣaṇa, or “excellent points of a dramatic composition”;—Description of prāpti: When on seeing some indications, the existence of something is assumed, it becomes an instance of Discovery (prāpti, lit. “attainment”) which is included among the marks of a good drama.

2) Prāpti (प्राप्ति).—One of the twelve elements of the ‘introduction segment’ (mukhasandhi);—(Description:) Accession (prāpti) is summing up the purpose of the Opening (mukha).

Source: Natya Shastra
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Prapti in Purana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Prāpti (प्राप्ति).—A wife of Kaṃsa. Kaṃsa had two wives and the other was called Asti. (10th Skandha, Bhāgavata).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Prāpti (प्राप्ति).—A daughter of Jarāsandha and queen of Kaṃsa. After Kaṃsa's death she went to her father's house and reported the circumstance under which he was killed.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 50. 1-2; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 22. 1.

1b) A siddhi devi.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 19. 4; 44. 108.

1c) One of the eight yogaiśvaryas*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 13. 3, 13.

1d) One of the ten branches of the Supāra group of Devas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 94.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Prāpti (प्राप्ति).—Application of a rule, arrival at a particular form; incidence, occurrence of a particular rule;cf. अनन्तरा या प्राप्तिः सा प्रतिषिध्यते (anantarā yā prāptiḥ sā pratiṣidhyate) M. Bh. on P. I. 1.43.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Prāpti (प्राप्ति, “occurrence”) refers to one of the thirteen “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “unassociated with mind” (citta-viprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., prāpti). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Prāpti (प्राप्ति) refers to “stretching the body” and represents one of the eleven types of extraordinary form-changing (vikriyā), which itself is a subclass of the eight ṛddhis (extraordinary powers). These powers can be obtained by the Ārya (civilized people) in order to produce worldly miracles. The Āryas represent one of the two classes of human beings according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.46, the other being Mleccha (barbarians).

What is meant by extraordinary power to stretch the body (prāpti-riddhi)? It is the extraordinary power by which one stretches his body so that his toe can touch the Meru Mountain while sitting.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

prāpti (प्राप्ति).—f (S) Gain, profit, acquisition. 2 Acquiredness, acquired or got state. 3 Arising or happening unto, befalling, betiding. 4 One of the eight superhuman faculties,--that of obtaining everything. 5 Freely. Attainment, advancement achieved, competency or qualification accomplished or reached. Ex. majabarōbara bōlāyālā tyācī kāya prāpti? nāṃvānēṃ vāghamārī paṇa vāghāpuḍhēṃ jāyālā kāya tujhī prāpti? See prājñā and the group under kimmata.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prāpti (प्राप्ति).—f Gain, profit. Acquiredness. Be- falling. Attainment.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prāpti (प्राप्ति).—f.

1) Obtaining, acquisition gain, attainment, profit; द्रव्य°, यशः°, सुख° (dravya°, yaśaḥ°, sukha°) &c.; अप्राप्तस्यैव या प्राप्तिः सैव संयोग उच्यते (aprāptasyaiva yā prāptiḥ saiva saṃyoga ucyate) Bhāṣā. P.

2) Reaching or attaining to.

3) Arrival, coming to.

4) Finding, meeting with.

5) Range, reach.

6) A guess, conjecture.

7) Lot, share, portion.

8) Fortune, luck.

9) Rise, production.

1) The power of obtaining anything (one of the eight Siddhis, q. v.).

11) Union, collection (saṃhati).

12) The result of actions done in a former life.

13) Fate, destiny; पक्षिणां तदपि प्राप्त्या नादत्तमुपतिष्ठति (pakṣiṇāṃ tadapi prāptyā nādattamupatiṣṭhati) Pt.2.127.

14) Being valid, holding good, application (as of a rule).

15) The successful termination of a plot (sukhāgama).

16) (In Rhet.) A conjecture based on the observation of a particular thing.

17) (In astrol.) Name of the 11th lunar mansion.

Derivable forms: prāptiḥ (प्राप्तिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prāpti (प्राप्ति).—f.

(-ptiḥ) 1. Gain, profit. 2. Acquiring, getting, obtaining. 2. Improvement, success. 4. Rise, ascent. 5. Collection, assemblage, quantity. 6. Happy denouement, successful termination of a plot. 7. Guessing, discovering from a hint. 8. One of the eight superhuman faculties, the power of obtaining everything. E. pra before, āp to get or obtain, aff. ktin .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 45 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Phalaprāpti (फलप्राप्ति).—f. attainment of the desired fruit of object. Derivable forms: phalap...
Prāptisambhava (प्राप्तिसम्भव).—One of the five stages of action (avasthā);—When the Attainment...
Brahmaprāpti (ब्रह्मप्राप्ति).—f. absorption into the Supreme spirit. Derivable forms: brahmapr...
Prāptyāśā (प्राप्त्याशा).—the hope of obtaining anything (regarded as part of the development o...
Prāptisama (प्राप्तिसम).—a particular Jāti in Nyāya.Derivable forms: prāptisamam (प्राप्तिसमम्)...
Vidyāprāpti (विद्याप्राप्ति).—= विद्यार्जन (vidyārjana) q. v. Derivable forms: vidyāprāptiḥ (वि...
kirakōḷa-prāpti (किरकोळ-प्राप्ति).—f By-gains.
Niyataprāpti (नियतप्राप्ति, “certainty of attainment”) refers to one of the “five stages of the...
Prāptisiddhi (प्राप्तिसिद्धि).—Mystic perfection of acquisition by which the yogī can ...
Dharma.—(SII 1), the sacred law; religious merit; a meri- torious gift, a pious work, a charity...
Siddhi (सिद्धि).—f. (-ddhiḥ) 1. Fulfilment, accomplishment, the entire completion of any undert...
Bhava (भव).—m. (-vaḥ) 1. Being, existing, the self-support of something already produced. 2. Bi...
Vibhūti (विभूति).—f. (-tiḥ) 1. Superhuman power, consisting of eight faculties especially attri...
Śama (शम).—m. (-maḥ) 1. Quiet of mind, stoicism, indifference, the absence of passion, as one o...
Kamā (कमा).—f. (-mā) Beauty, rediance. E. kam to desire, aṅ and ṭāp affs.--- OR --- Kāma (काम)....

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