Prapanca, aka: Prapañca; 11 Definition(s)


Prapanca means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Prapancha.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Prapañca (प्रपञ्च, “compliment”) refers to one of the thirteen types of vīthi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 20. Vīthi represents one of the daśarūpa or, “ten kinds of dramatic plays”, which are said to have originated from the various styles (vṛtti), discussed in chapter 22 of the same work.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Prapañca (प्रपञ्च).—One of the thirteen types of vīthi;—When comic and untrue words purporting to be mutual praise of two persons, are uttered in the interest of one [of them] it is [an instance of] Compliment (prapañca).

Source: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

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Prapañca (प्रपञ्च, “phenomenal world”).—From the standpoint of Truth, prapañca or the phenomenal world or even the idea of perceiving them does not exist as separate from Brahman. Therefore no birth or death can be predicated of what exists ultimately.

Source: Mandukya Upanishad & Karika with Shankara Bhashya
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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

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Prapañca (प्रपञ्च).—Amplification, further explanation,clarification. The expression पूर्वस्यैवायं प्रपञ्चः (pūrvasyaivāyaṃ prapañcaḥ) or तस्यैवायं प्रपञ्चः (tasyaivāyaṃ prapañcaḥ) is very frequently used in the Kasika vrtti; cf. Kas. on P.II. 1.33,37,41, 58, II.4.28, III.2.6I etc.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

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Prapañca (प्रपञ्च).—See under Sṛṣṭi.

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

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Prapañca (प्रपञ्च) or Prapañcatantra refers to one of the thirty-three Dakṣiṇatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Prapañca-tantra belonging to the Dakṣiṇa class.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

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Prapañca: Sanskrit for the 'phenomenal universe'. A term used in Advaita Vedānta.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

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prapañca (प्रपंच).—m S The world, the great theatre of human action. 2 The business of life; worldly engagements and embarrassments. Ex. prapañca sādhūna para- mārthācā lābha jēṇēṃ kēlā tō bhalā bhalā Who, whilst performing and accomplishing the business of life, attains and secures the Supreme Good--worthy, right worthy is he. 3 Deceit, trick, fraud, imposture. 4 Making of distinction; treating with partiality. 5 Error, illusion. 6 Diffusion or display; state of full explication or development (of a subject, of powers and perfections &c.)

--- OR ---

prāpañca (प्रापंच).—& prāpañcī Corr. from prapañca & prapañcī.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prapañca (प्रपंच).—m The world. The business of life. Deceit. Error. Diffusion.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

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Prapañca (प्रपञ्च).—1 Display, manifestation; रागप्रायः प्रपञ्चः (rāgaprāyaḥ prapañcaḥ) K.151.

2) Development, expansion, extension; भरतज्ञकविप्रणीत- काव्यग्रथिताङ्का इव नाटकप्रपञ्चाः (bharatajñakavipraṇīta- kāvyagrathitāṅkā iva nāṭakaprapañcāḥ) Śi.2.44.

3) Amplification, expatiation, explanation, elucidation.

4) Prolixity, diffuseness, copiousness; अलं प्रपञ्चेन (alaṃ prapañcena).

5) Manifoldness, diversity.

6) Heap, abundance, quantity.

7) An appearance, phenomenon.

8) Illusion, fraud.

9) The visible world or universe, which is illusory and the scene of manifold action.

1) Reciprocal false praise.

11) Opposition, inversion.

12) Analysis.

13) (In dram.) Ludicrous dialogue.

14) (In gram.) The repetition of an obscure rule in a clearer form.

Derivable forms: prapañcaḥ (प्रपञ्चः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 35 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Prapañcabuddhi (प्रपञ्चबुद्धि) is the name of a mendicant from Pāṭaliputra, according to the Ka...
Svapnaprapañca (स्वप्नप्रपञ्च).—the illusion of sleep, the world appearing in a dream. Derivabl...
Prapañcavacana (प्रपञ्चवचन).—n. (-naṃ) Prolix discourse.
Prapañcatantra (प्रपञ्चतन्त्र) or simply Prapañca refers to one of the thirty-one Dakṣiṇatantra...
Prekṣāprapañca (प्रेक्षाप्रपञ्च).—a stage-play. Derivable forms: prekṣāprapañcaḥ (प्रेक्षाप्रपञ...
Prapañcacatura (प्रपञ्चचतुर).—a. skilful in assuming different forms; Amaru. Prapañcacatura is ...
Āntaraprapañca (आन्तरप्रपञ्च).—(In phil.) The fantasies of the soul produced by ignorance.Deriv...
Mahāprapañca (महाप्रपञ्च).—the great universe. Derivable forms: mahāprapañcaḥ (महाप्रपञ्चः).Mah...
Sthūlaprapañca (स्थूलप्रपञ्च).—the gross or material world. Derivable forms: sthūlaprapañcaḥ (स...
Bahīprapañca (बहीप्रपञ्च).—a. very diffuse or prolix. Bahīprapañca is a Sanskrit compound consi...
Bahuprapañca (बहुप्रपञ्च).—a. very diffuse or prolix. Bahuprapañca is a Sanskrit compound consi...
Puruṣa (पुरुष) refers to the “cosmic man or being” while Prakṛti refers to “cosmic nature”, as ...
Prakṛti (प्रकृति, “matter”).—(a) “Pra” means “principal” and “Kṛti” means “creation”. Therefore...
Āgama (आगम).—The āgamas are said to have originated from the five faces of Śiva. At the time of...
Tantra (तन्त्र) refers to a type of ritualistic worship, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.10. T...

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