Prapya, Prāpya: 16 definitions


Prapya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Prapy.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Prāpya (प्राप्य).—lit. which is arrived at; an object which is to be reached; cf. प्राप्यं कर्म (prāpyaṃ karma); the word प्राप्य (prāpya) is used as a word qualifying the word कर्म (karma), in which case it is called प्राप्यकर्म (prāpyakarma), as for example ग्रामं (grāmaṃ) in ग्रामं गच्छति देवदत्तः (grāmaṃ gacchati devadattaḥ) or वेदमधीते माणवकः (vedamadhīte māṇavakaḥ). The term प्राप्य (prāpya) is defined as क्रियाकृ-तविशेषानवगतौ कर्तुः क्रियया अनास्थितं आस्थितं वा यदवाप्यते तत् प्राप्यं कर्म । (kriyākṛ-taviśeṣānavagatau kartuḥ kriyayā anāsthitaṃ āsthitaṃ vā yadavāpyate tat prāpyaṃ karma |) cf. कर्तुरीप्सितमं कर्म । ततु त्रिविधं निर्वर्त्ये विकार्यं प्राप्यमिति । यस्य क्रियाकृतानां विशेषाणां सर्वथानुपलब्धिः तत् प्राप्यम् (karturīpsitamaṃ karma | tatu trividhaṃ nirvartye vikāryaṃ prāpyamiti | yasya kriyākṛtānāṃ viśeṣāṇāṃ sarvathānupalabdhiḥ tat prāpyam). Srngara Prakasa IV.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Prāpya (प्राप्य) refers to “(that which can be) obtained”, according to the Utpaladeva’s Vivṛti on Īśvarapratyabhijñākārikā 1.5.8-9.—Accordingly, “[...] And this mere [realization that the object is something separated from the subject] is not enough to transform this object into something on which [human] activity may be exerted; therefore [this object] is [also] made manifest as having a specific place and time, because only a particular having a specific place and time can be something on which [human] activity may be exerted, since [only such a particular] can be obtained (prāpya-tva) and since [only such a particular] may have the efficacy that [we] expect [from it]. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Prāpya (प्राप्य) refers to “receiving (an auspicious letter)” (of betrothal), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.39 (“The gods arrive at Kailāsa”).—Accordingly, as Nārada said to Brahmā: “Dear child of great intellect, listen to the glory of Śiva, what lord Śiva did on receiving (prāpya) the auspicious letter, On reading the auspicious letter with joy, Śiva laughed in delight. The lord honoured them duly. Causing the letter to be read aloud, He duly accepted the proposal. Honouring the messengers He informed them. He told the sages—‘Every thing is auspicious and well done. All of you shall grace the celebration of my marriage. The marriage proposal has been accepted by me’. [...]”

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Prāpya (प्राप्य) (Cf. Etya) refers to “having arrived”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Fool, just as birds stay in a tree, having come [com.prāpya—‘having arrived’] from another country, so sentient beings from another life [stay] in the tree of a family”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prāpya (प्राप्य).—a S (Possible, probable &c.) to be obtained or attained; obtainable, attainable.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prāpya (प्राप्य).—a Obtainable, attainable.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prāpya (प्राप्य).—pot. p.

1) To be got or obtained.

2) Attainable, procurable; destined to be got; प्राप्तव्यमर्थं लभते मनुष्यः (prāptavyamarthaṃ labhate manuṣyaḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2.11.

3) To be reached, attainable.

4) To be met with or found.

5) Proper, fit, suitable.

See also (synonyms): prāptavya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Prāpya (प्राप्य).—adj. (gdve. of pra-āp; not recorded in this sense; compare Jātakamālā 183.17 prāpya-rūpāṇi…puṣpāṇi, which are easy to get), easy: Mahāvastu i.89.16 prāpyaṃ ca bhāraṃ na upādiyanti, aprāpyaṃ ca bhāraṃ upādiyitvā viharanti (mss. corrupt; so I would read for text vitaranti), they do not take up an easy (possible) burden (viz. the religious life), and they live assuming a difficult burden (viz. the cares of worldly life; so essentially Senart's note); with inf., easy to…Mahāvastu i.131.7 prāpyo…'yaṃ…bhasmīkartuṃ it would be easy to burn him to ashes, and so 131.10; 132.2; mss. prāpya each time.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāpya (प्राप्य).—mfn.

(-pyaḥ-pyā-pyaṃ) Attainable, obtainable, E. pra before, āp to attain, aff. ṇyat .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāpya (प्राप्य).—[adjective] = prāptavya + fit, proper.

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Prapyā (प्रप्या).—swell, [Causative] make swell.

Prapyā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pra and pyā (प्या).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prāpya (प्राप्य):—[from prāp] mfn. to be reached, attainable, acquirable, procurable, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] fit, proper, suitable, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāpya (प्राप्य):—[prā+pya] (pyaḥ-pyā-pyaṃ) a. Attainable.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prapya in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Prāpya (प्राप्य) [Also spelled prapy]:—(a) due; available; attainable, acquirable, procurable.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prāpya (ಪ್ರಾಪ್ಯ):—[adjective] that can be obtained; obtainable.

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Prāpya (ಪ್ರಾಪ್ಯ):—[noun] that which can be obtained; an obtainable thing.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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