Aishvarya, Aiśvarya: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Aishvarya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aiśvarya can be transliterated into English as Aisvarya or Aishvarya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Aiśvarya (ऐश्वर्य, “sovereignty”):—One of the four wifes of Sūrya (the personification of the Sun), according to the Pāñcarātra literature. The Sun is the direct manifestation of Brahman (the absolute) and is worshipped by all Hindus.

Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama

aiśvarya (sovereignty) Iccha shakti this attribute can be described as activity based upon total independence, or unimpeded activity.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (A) next»] — Aishvarya in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Aiśvarya (ऐश्वर्य).—Eightfold: aṇimā and others; of kings in Tretāyuga; they are animā, laghimā, mahimā, prāpti, prākāmyam, īśītvam, vaśītva, and kāmāvasāyitā (garimā); from these come three other kinds of aiśvarya:—sāvadyam, niravdya and sūkṣma.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 27. 127; Matsya-purāṇa 142. 68; Vāyu-purāṇa 13. 2-6; 102. 97; 54. 52.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Aiśvarya (ऐश्वर्य) refers to “(1) Majestic opulence (2) Derived from the word īśvara. In regard to bhakti, this refers to devotion that is inspired by the majesty of Bhagavān, rather than by His mādhurya (sweetness). It especially applies to His feature as Nārāyaṇa. Aiśvarya restricts the intimacy between Bhagavān and His devotees”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Aiśvarya (ऐश्वर्य) refers to:—Opulence, splendour, majesty or supremacy; in regard to bhakti, this refers to devotion to Śrī Kṛṣṇa in a mood of awe and reverence rather than sweetness (mādhurya). (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (A) next»] — Aishvarya in Ayurveda glossary
Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Aiśvarya (ऐश्वर्य) refers to “power” and is mentioned in verse 2.48 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] having one’s awareness fixed constantly on this (idea), one does not become participant in distress.—Such (is), in short, the conduct (during the day); observing (it), one attains long life, health, power [viz., aiśvarya], fame, and the eternal worlds”.

Note: Aiśvarya (“power”) has been translated by dbaṅ-pkyug, which ordinarily means “master” (lit. “he who is rich in power”), but occasionally stands for “power” (lit. “richness in power”) as well; cf. Mahāvyutpatti 6539.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Aishvarya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aiśvarya (ऐश्वर्य).—[īśvara-ṣyañ]

1) Supremacy, sovereignty; एकैश्वर्यस्थितोऽपि (ekaiśvaryasthito'pi) M.1.1; निशाचर° (niśācara°).

2) Might, power, sway.

3) Dominion.

4) Affluence, wealth, greatness; °मत्तेषु (matteṣu) Ś.5.18.

5) Super-human power.

6) The divine faculties of omnipotence, omnipresence &c. cf. अणिमा लघिमा व्याप्तिः प्राकाम्यं महिमा तथा । ईशित्वं च वशित्वं च तथा कामावसायिता (aṇimā laghimā vyāptiḥ prākāmyaṃ mahimā tathā | īśitvaṃ ca vaśitvaṃ ca tathā kāmāvasāyitā) ||

7) Pervasion, comprehensiveness; एष सप्तविधः प्रोक्तो गुण आकाशसम्भवः । ऐश्वर्येण तु सर्वत्र स्थितोऽपि पटहादिषु (eṣa saptavidhaḥ prokto guṇa ākāśasambhavaḥ | aiśvaryeṇa tu sarvatra sthito'pi paṭahādiṣu) Mb.12.184.4.

Derivable forms: aiśvaryam (ऐश्वर्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aiśvarya (ऐश्वर्य) or Aiśvaryya.—n.

(-ryaṃ) 1. Super-human power, the divine faculties of omnipresence, omnipotence, invisibility, &c. 2. Supremacy, dominion, away, power, might. E. īśvara a master, a deity, ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aiśvarya (ऐश्वर्य).—i. e. īśvara + ya, n. 1. Control, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 95. 2. Dominion, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 22, 31. 3. Supreme dominion, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 235. 4. Superhuman power, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 25, 37.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aiśvarya (ऐश्वर्य).—[neuter] = [preceding] [neuter] ([with] [genetive], [locative], or —°); reign, realm, dominion; superhuman power; poss. vant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aiśvarya (ऐश्वर्य):—[from aiśvara] n. the state of being a mighty lord, sovereignty, supremacy, power, sway, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiii; Mahābhārata; Manu-smṛti] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] dominion, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] superhuman power (either perpetual or transient, consisting, according to some, of the following eight: aṇiman, laghiman, mahiman, prāpti, prākāmya, vaśitva, īśitva, and kāmāvasāyitva, qq.v.; or, according to others, of such powers as vision, audition, cogitation, discrimination, and omniscience; and of active powers such as swiftness of thought, power of assuming forms at will, and faculty of expatiation, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha etc.])

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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