by K. C. Lalwani | 1973 | 185,989 words
The English translation of the Bhagavati-sutra which is the fifth Jaina Agama (canonical literature). It is a large encyclopedic work in the form of a dialogue where Mahavira replies to various question. The present form of the Sutra dates to the fifth century A.D. Abhayadeva Suri wrote a vritti (commentary) on the Bhagavati in A.D. 1071. In his J...
Q. 49. Bhante! How many have been stated to be the types of devas?
Q. 50. Bhante! Where has been stated to be the abode of the Bhavanavāsī devas?
A. 50. Gautama! Underneath the Ratnaprabhā hell32. For details, refer to chapter on ‘Location’ (in the Paṇṇavaṇā Sūtra), difference being that they are called ‘bhavanas’. This should be noted that they are born in an infinite fraction of the sphere,...till (to be noted) the location of the abode of the liberated souls, the location of the kalpas, their thickness and height, their structure, from the Jīvābhigama Sūtra,... till need be stated as in the chapter on Vaimānika33.
Chapter seven ends.
Notes (based on commentary of Abhayadeva Sūri):
32. Ratna-prabhā hell has a thickness of 1.80,000 yojanas. Leaving aside 1000 yojanas at the top and 1000 yojanas at the bottom, located in the remaining 1,78,000 yojanas are the 7,72,00,000 bhavanas which are the abodes of the Bhavanavāsī gods. They are born in the infinite portions of the sphere and they reside in the infinite portions of the sphere.
33. On the base of the kalpas (celestial abodes), we have as follows in the Jīvābhigama Sūtra:
ghaṇaudahipaitṭhāṇā surobhavoṇā huṃti dosu kappesu tisu vā[?]paiṭṭhāṇā tadubhayasu-paiṭṭhiyā tisu ya teṇa param uvarimagā āgāsaṃtarapaiṭṭhiyā savve
[The first two kalpas are based on viscous water, the next three on viscous wind, and the next three on viscous water and viscous wind. Those above them have the sky as their base.]
On the dimensions, we have as follows:
sattavīsasayāim āimakappesu puḍhavibāhallam
ekkikkahāṇi sese du duge ya duge caukke ya
paṃcasaya uccatteṅam āimakappesu hoṃti vimāṇā
ekkikkavuḍḍhi sese du duge ya duge caukke ya
The above may be re-written as follows: (in yojanas)
|Saudharma and Aisāna||2700||500|
|Sanatkumāra and Māhendra||2600||600|
|Brahmaloka and Lāntaka||2500||700|
|Mahaśukra and Sahasrāra||2400||800|
|Āṇata, Prāṇata, Āraṇa, Acyuta||2300||900|
|Five Anuttara vimānas||2100||1100|
Some of the kalpas stand in a row called āvalikā, which may be round, triangular or quadriangular. The others are not arranged in an āvalikā, and they have diverse shapes. The Jīvābhigama Sūtra contains details about their colour, tinge, smell, etc.