Tarkasamgraha, Tarkasaṃgraha, Tarkasaṅgraha, Tarka-samgraha, Tarka-sangraha, Tarkasangraha: 7 definitions

Introduction:

Tarkasamgraha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Tarkasamgraha in Nyaya glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Nyāya

Tarkasaṃgraha (तर्कसंग्रह) is a treatise in Sanskrit giving a foundational exposition of the ancient Indian system of logic and reasoning. The Tarka-Sangraha is authored by Annambhatta and the author himself has given a detailed commentary, called Tarka-Sangraha Dipika, for the text. Annambhatta composed the text as well as the commentary in the second half of 17th century CE. The text of Tarka-sangraha is a small book with about 15 pages only and it was composed to help boys and girls learn easily the basic principles of Nyaya.

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Tarkasaṃgraha (तर्कसंग्रह) of Annaṃbhaṭṭa is an excellent introductory treatise on the Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika system of Indian Philosophy Yudhisthira Gopa says that the Tarkasaṃgraha is primarily the door of the twin-darśana, Nyāya and Vaiśeṣika system. The language of Tarkasaṃgraha is very easy, so anybody can understand it easily. In the preface of Tarkasaṃgraha edited by Swami Virupakshananda it has rightly been said, “While the Tarkasaṃgraha is meant primarily to unlock the doors of the twin-darśana of Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika, it is also the master key that has been used by the Acharyas of the other darśanas—the Saṃkhya and Yoga, Mīmāṃsā and Vedānta””

Annaṃbhaṭṭa starts his Tarkasaṃgraha with a prayer to Śivā and saluting his guru. The work contains detail discussion about seven categories and their numerous divisions.

These categories are:

  1. substance (dravya),
  2. quality (guṇa),
  3. action (karma),
  4. generality (sāmānya),
  5. particularity (viśeṣa),
  6. inherence (samavāya),
  7. nonexistence (abhāva).

These seven categories and their different subdivisions are most lucidly illustrated in this work which is accepted from Vaiśeṣika system.

Nyaya book cover
context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tarkasamgraha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tarkasaṃgraha (तर्कसंग्रह).—[masculine] T. of a work (v. [preceding]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Tarkasaṃgraha (तर्कसंग्रह) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—by Annambhaṭṭa. [Mackenzie Collection] 17. W. p. 203. Oxf. 243^b. Paris. (Tel. 20 I). Hall. p. 68. L. 851. Khn. 62. K. 148. B. 4, 18. 20. Report. Xxv. Ben. 162. 164 (and—[commentary]). 171. 175. 178. 187. 203. 206. 218. 239. Kāṭm. 5. Pheh. 15. Rādh. 13. NW. 364. Oudh. Xvii, 58. Burnell. 121^b. Jac. 697. Taylor. 1, 114. Oppert. 180. 754. 1339. 1458. 2134. 2510. 2611. 3239. 3258. 3306. 3411. 3984. 4303. 4861. 6260. 6803. 6908. 7688. Ii, 1324. 1685. 1907. 2051. 2181. 2387. 2429. 2481. 2721. 2935. 3501. 3656. 3918. 4021. 5199. 5673. 5744. 5843. 5945. 6172. 6539. 6985. 7024. 7140. 7227. 7572. 8120. 8226. 8493. 8641. 8852. 9035. 9152. 9247. 9292. 9464. 9721. 9930. 10039. 10137. 10229. Rice. 108. 110. 122. Bp. 306. Upamānakhaṇḍa. Ben. 234. Niruktikhaṇḍa. K. 150.
—[commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahadīpikā, often called Tarkadīpikā, by Annambhaṭṭa. W. p. 204. Oxf. 243^b. Paris. (Tel. 20 Ii). Hall. p. 69. L. 1683. Khn. 62. K. 146. B. 4, 18. 20. Report. Xxv. Ben. 182. 224. Rādh. 13. NW. 350. 364. Oudh. Xvi, 116. Burnell. 122^a. Bhr. 738. Poona. 265. Jac. 697. Oppert. 183. 435. 557. 1450. 1451. 3146. 3262. 6347. 6915. 7666. Ii, 1327. 1910. 2021. 2052. 2184. 2939. 3658. 6988. 8235. 9465. 9593. 9723. 10231. Rice. 110. 122. Peters. 3, 390. Bp. 306.
—[sub-commentary] Tarkaphakkikā by Kṣamākalyāṇa. Bp. 143. 278. 450.
—[sub-commentary] by Gaṅgādhara Bhaṭṭa. Rice. 108.
—[sub-commentary] by Jagadīśa Bhaṭṭa. Rice. 108.
—[sub-commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahadīpikāprakāśa by Rāya Narasiṃha. L. 2811.
—[sub-commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahadīpikāprakāśa by Nīlakaṇṭha Śāstrin. Hall. p. 69. B. 4, 20. Rādh. 2. NW. 350. H. 257. Oppert. 192. 434. 2519. 3264. 4700. 4874. 8044. Ii, 1093. 1261. 1332. 1464. 1631. 2390. 2943. 3682. 8271. 9045. 9254. 9297. 10234. Rice. 112. Peters. 1, 115. Sb. 189.
—[commentary] by Rāmabhadra Bhaṭṭa. Hall. p. 69.
—[sub-commentary] by Rāmarudra Bhaṭṭa. Oppert. 7978.
—[sub-commentary] Tattvārthadīpikā by Bādhūla Veṅkaṭaguru. Burnell. 122^a. Oppert. 5793. Commentaries on the Tarkasaṃgraha.
—[commentary] B. 4, 20. Oudh. Xv, 110. Mysore. 3.
—[commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahasañcu. Rice. 110.
—[commentary] Nyāyacandrikā. Np. Iv, 6.
—[commentary] by Anantanārāyaṇa. NW. 376.
—[commentary] Siddhāntacandrodaya by Kṛṣṇadhūrjaṭi Dīkṣita. Hall. p. 70. L. 851. K. 162. B. 4, 22. Report. Xxvi, Pheh. 13. Rādh. 13. NW. 350. Oudh. Iv, 15. Xvii, 58. Oppert. 8345. Rice. 122. Peters. 3, 391.
—[commentary] by Kṣamākalyāṇa. Bp. 143. 278. 450.
—[commentary] Nyāyabodhinī by Govardhanamiśra. Hall. p. 71. Rādh. 13. NW. 344. 352. Oudh. Xv, 110. Np. I, 118. Oppert. 189. 759. 1268. 2631. 3154. 3266. 3316. 6934. 7669. Ii, 1098. 1335. 1633. 1911. 2061. 2189. 2946. 3688. 4314. 5847. 6991. 8261. 9048. 9298. 9944. 10235. Rice. 112. Peters. 1, 116.
—[commentary] Nyāyārthalaghubodhinī by Govardhanaraṅga Ācārya. Hall. p. 70. NW. 376.
—[commentary] by Gaurīkānta. B. 4, 18.
—[commentary] Padakṛtya by Candrajasiṃha. Hall. p. 70. Rādh. 13. NW. 362. Oudh. Xvi, 116.
—[commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahatattvaprakāśa by Nīlakaṇṭha. Hall. p. 70. NW. 348. Np. I, 32. Peters. 1, 115.
—[commentary] Nirukti by Jagannātha Śāstrin. Rice. 112.
—[commentary] Nirukti by Paṭṭābhirāma. Hall. p. 70. NW. 348. Oudh. Iv, 15. X, 12. Np. I, 120. Oppert. 188. 758. 1265. 2358. 2515. 3150. 3263. 3314. 3995. Ii, 1331. 2991. 3657. 3862. 6990. 7606. 8044. 8402. 9044. 9296. 9590. 9940. 10233. Rice. 110. 112.
—[commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahavākyārthanirukti by Mādhavapadābhirāma (?). B. 4, 20. Ben. 159. Oudh. Xv, 110.
—[commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahacandrikā by Mukunda Bhaṭṭa Gāḍagila. Hall. p. 70. K. 148. B. 4, 20. NW. 362. Oppert. 200. 465. 766. 1304. 3274. 4760.
—[commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahopanyāsa by Meru Śāstrin. Hall. p. 71. NW. 344. Oudh. Viii, 22. Xv, 108. Np. I, 30.
—[commentary] Nyāyabodhinī by Śukla Ratnanātha. B. 4, 20. Oudh. Iii, 18. Peters. 3, 390.
—[commentary] by Rāmanātha. NW. 378.
—[commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahataraṅgiṇī by Vindhyeśvarīprasāda. NW. 378.
—[commentary] by Viśvanātha. Rādh. 13. Oppert. 1459.
—[commentary] Tarkacandrikā by Vaidyanātha Gāḍagila. Rādh. 13. Bhr. 736.
—[commentary] by Hanumat. B. 4, 20.

2) Tarkasaṃgraha (तर्कसंग्रह):—by Kṛṣṇa Tarkālaṃkāra Bhaṭṭācārya. Io. 637.

3) Tarkasaṃgraha (तर्कसंग्रह):—delete L. 851.
—[commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahadīpikā by Annambhaṭṭa. add Ben. 164. Mysore. 3. delete NW. 364.
—[sub-commentary] by Nīlakaṇṭha. read Oppert. I, 2516 instead of 2519.
—[sub-commentary] Sūratakalpataru by Śrīnivāsa. Hall. p. 202. K. 162.
—[commentary] by Hanumat. K. 148. Commentaries on the Tarkasaṃgraha.
—[commentary] by Govardhanamiśra. add L. 3190.
—[commentary] by Nīlakaṇṭha. read Hall. p. 71. delete Peters. 1, 115.
—[commentary] by Mukunda. add Rice. 116.

4) Tarkasaṃgraha (तर्कसंग्रह):—by Annambhaṭṭa. Fl. 244. Io. 1928. 2122. 3026. 3035. 3038. Oudh. Xx, 208. Stein 146.
—[commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahadīpikā by Annambhaṭṭa. Bl. 211. Io. 1065. 2799. 3035. 3038. Oudh. Xx, 208. Peters. 4, 16. Rgb. 788. 789. Stein 146.
—[sub-commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahadīpikāprakāśa by Nīlakaṇṭha Śāstrin. Bl. 331. Io. 3035. 3038. Rgb. 761 (Pratyakṣa).
—[sub-commentary] Prabhā by Hanumat. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 31. K. 148. Stein 146. 335. Commentaries on the Tarkasaṃgraha.
—[commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahaphakkikā. Peters. 4, 16.
—[commentary] Vākyavṛtti. Bl. 329.
—[commentary] Siddhāntacandrodaya by Kṛṣṇadhūrjaṭi. Oudh. Xxi, 130. Peters. 4, 16. Stein 146.
—[commentary] Nyāyabodhinī by Govardhanamiśra. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 31. Io. 3026. Peters. 4, 15.
—[commentary] Nirukti by Paṭṭābhirāma. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 31. Oudh. Xxi, 130.
—[commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahavākyārthanirukti. Stein 146 ([anonymous]).
—[commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahacandrikā by Mukunda Bhaṭṭa. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 31.
—[commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahopanyāsa by Meru Śāstrin. Peters. 4, 16.
—[commentary] Nyāyabodhinī by Śukla Ratnanātha. Peters. 4, 15.
—[commentary] Bālabodhinī by Rāmanārāyaṇa. Peters. 4, 15.
—[commentary] Laghutarkacandrikā by Vaidyanātha Gāḍagila. Bl. 333.

5) Tarkasaṃgraha (तर्कसंग्रह):—by Annambhaṭṭa. Ulwar 655.
—[commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahadīpikā by the author. Hz. 20. Ulwar 655. 656.
—[sub-commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahadīpikāprakāśa by Rāya Narasiṃha. Hz. 16 (inc.). 280 (inc.). Ulwar 658.
—[sub-commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahadīpikāprakāśa by Nīlakaṇṭha Śāstrin. Hz. 12. Ulwar 657. Commentaries on the Tarkasaṃgraha.
—[commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahavākyārthanirukti. Hz. 645. Ulwar 668.
—[commentary] Siddhāntacandrodaya by Kṛṣṇadhūrjaṭi. Ulwar 663.
—[commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahaphakkikāḥ by Kṣamākalyāṇa. Ulwar 661.
—[sub-commentary] by Ratnanātha. Ulwar 662.
—[commentary] Nyāyabodhinī by Govardhanamiśra. Ulwar 659.
—[commentary] Nyāyārthalaghubodhinī by Govardhanaraṅga. Ulwar 666.
—[commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahacandrikā by Mukunda Bhaṭṭa. Hz. 465 (Maṅgalavāda). Ulwar 664.
—[commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahopanyāsa by Meru Śāstrin. Ulwar 665.
—[commentary] Nyāyabodhinī by Ratnanātha, son of Śukla Bālakṛṣṇa. Ulwar 660.
—[commentary] Bālabodhinī by Rāmanārāyaṇa. Ulwar 667.

6) Tarkasaṃgraha (तर्कसंग्रह):—by Annambhaṭṭa. Ak 822. As p. 74 (2 Mss.). Bc 419. Cs 3, 330. 332 (inc.). 333 (inc.). 335. 538. Hz. 885. L.. 932-934. Peters. 5, 206. Whish 147, 6. 181. C. Tarkasaṃgrahadīpikā by the same. Ak 825. As p. 74 (2 Mss). Bc 416. Cs 3, 334. Hz. 886. L.. 933-940. Whish 147, 5.
—[sub-commentary] Tarkaphakkikā by Kṣamākalyāṇa. Bd. 757.
—[sub-commentary] Tarkasaṃgrahadīpikāprakāśa by Nīlakaṇṭha Śāstrin. Ak 826 (Pratyakṣa). Bd. 743 (Pratyakṣa). Hz. 1273. 1401. Commentaries on the Tarkasaṃgraha. C. an Bd. 754. C. Siddhāntacandrodaya by Kṛṣṇa Dhūrjaṭi. Ak 823. 824. Peters. 5, 206. C. Nyāyabodhinī by Govardhana Miśra. Ak 830. Bc 345. Bd. 755. Hz. 1323. L.. 941. C. Tarkasaṃgrahaphakkikā by Govardhana. Ak 828. 829. C. Tarkasaṃgrahapadakṛtya by Candrajasiṃha. Ak 827. C. Nirukti by Paṭṭābhirāma. Bc 391. C. Vākyavṛtti by Mādhava Sarasvatī. Ak 842. C. Tarkasaṃgrahacandrikā by Mukunda Bhaṭṭa. As p. 74. Cs 3, 537. Hpr. 1, 143 (inc.). Hz. 977 p. 84 (inc.). C. Nyāyabodhinī by Ratnanātha. Jl. C. Tattvārthadīpikā by Veṅkaṭācārya, son of Śrīnivāsa. Hz. 975 p. 81. 1381 p. 130. According to Burnell. a C. on the Dīpikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tarkasaṃgraha (तर्कसंग्रह):—[=tarka-saṃgraha] [from tarka > tark] m. Name of a manual of the Vaiśeṣika branch of the Nyāya [philosophy] by Annam-bhaṭṭa

[Sanskrit to German]

Tarkasamgraha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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