Prabandha, 4 Definition(s)
Prabandha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Prabandha (प्रबन्ध, “bonded, well-knit”) is the generic term for the independent art songs of medieval India. There are two continuous ideological strands connecting the various musical and literary compositions designated by the term prabandha, one explicit and the other implicit: the explicit meaning is that these are strict, formal, regulated compositions, as opposed to free, unregulated improvisations.
The meaning of prabandha may be furtyher amplified through the connotations of two popular synonyms: rūpaka (having good form, figurative, and hence metaphoric) and vastu (essential substance, subject matter). Prabandha is the most general term, rūpaka signifies its elevated and metaphoric poetic ocntent, and vastu calls attention to the underlying formal structure.Source: Google Books: Music and Musical Thought in Early India
Prabandha (प्रबन्ध, “composition”).—When the main sections contain all the phrasal elements, i.e. regulard words (pada), etc., separately or combined, it is considered to be a prabandha (lit. “composition”). One should known that prabandha, vastu and rūpaka are the three names of composed music (nibaddha) based on regular words (pada) and the other phrasal elements (aṅga). (cf. Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 13.6)Source: Google Books: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi: A Medieval Handbook of Indian Music
Prabandha (प्रबन्ध).—In deśī music, all compositions were known by the generic name of ‘prabandha’. A brief description of the standard features of prabandha as seen in Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara is as follows:
A prabandha had the following mandatory sections known as ‘dhātus’:
- Udgrāha – the section with which the prabandha commences,
- Melāpaka – the section which links the Udgrāha with the next section called Dhruva,
- Dhruva – this is the section which is mandatory in a prabandha and is rendered several times. The prabandha terminates on it even though this is not the last section.
- Ābhoga – this is the last section of the prabandha which contains the name of the composer/deity/patron.
The following six were aṅgas or parts of a prabandha:
- Svara – the musical notes expressed as solfa syllables in a prabandha.
- Biruda – the eulogistic descriptions in a prabandha.
- Pada – the meaningful text (apart from Biruda) of the prabandha.
- Tena – the musical phrases in a prabandha which are expressed with the syllables ‘tena’.
- Pāṭa – the syllables used to depict the sounds produced on percussion instruments.
- Tāla – the rhythmic component of a prabandha.
Prabandhas are of two varieties – Niryukta and Aniryukta. The former is one where there is prescription of chanda, tāla etc. and the latter is one where there is no such prescription.Source: Shodhganga: Vijayanagara as a seat of music
Prabandha (प्रबन्ध) refers to songs (gāna) that are composed of all of the dhātus and aṅgas.—There are five classifications of prabandha:
- Those having all six aṅgas are called medinī,
- Those having five are called nandinī.
- Those having four are called dīpanī,
- Those with three are called pāvanī,
- Those with two are called tārāvalī.
Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).
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