Prabandha, Prabamdha: 20 definitions


Prabandha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Google Books: Music and Musical Thought in Early India

Prabandha (प्रबन्ध, “bonded, well-knit”) is the generic term for the independent art songs of medieval India. There are two continuous ideological strands connecting the various musical and literary compositions designated by the term prabandha, one explicit and the other implicit: the explicit meaning is that these are strict, formal, regulated compositions, as opposed to free, unregulated improvisations.

The meaning of prabandha may be furtyher amplified through the connotations of two popular synonyms: rūpaka (having good form, figurative, and hence metaphoric) and vastu (essential substance, subject matter). Prabandha is the most general term, rūpaka signifies its elevated and metaphoric poetic ocntent, and vastu calls attention to the underlying formal structure.

Source: Google Books: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi: A Medieval Handbook of Indian Music

Prabandha (प्रबन्ध, “composition”).—When the main sections contain all the phrasal elements, i.e. regulard words (pada), etc., separately or combined, it is considered to be a prabandha (lit. “composition”). One should known that prabandha, vastu and rūpaka are the three names of composed music (nibaddha) based on regular words (pada) and the other phrasal elements (aṅga). (cf. Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 13.6)

Source: Shodhganga: Vijayanagara as a seat of music

Prabandha (प्रबन्ध).—In deśī music, all compositions were known by the generic name of ‘prabandha’. A brief description of the standard features of prabandha as seen in Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara is as follows:

A prabandha had the following mandatory sections known as ‘dhātus’:

  1. Udgrāha – the section with which the prabandha commences,
  2. Melāpaka – the section which links the Udgrāha with the next section called Dhruva,
  3. Dhruva – this is the section which is mandatory in a prabandha and is rendered several times. The prabandha terminates on it even though this is not the last section.
  4. Ābhoga – this is the last section of the prabandha which contains the name of the composer/deity/patron.

The following six were aṅgas or parts of a prabandha:

  1. Svara – the musical notes expressed as solfa syllables in a prabandha.
  2. Biruda – the eulogistic descriptions in a prabandha.
  3. Pada – the meaningful text (apart from Biruda) of the prabandha.
  4. Tena – the musical phrases in a prabandha which are expressed with the syllables ‘tena’.
  5. Pāṭa – the syllables used to depict the sounds produced on percussion instruments.
  6. Tāla – the rhythmic component of a prabandha.

Prabandhas are of two varieties – Niryukta and Aniryukta. The former is one where there is prescription of chanda, tāla etc. and the latter is one where there is no such prescription.

Source: Vrindavan Today: Govinda-lilamrita: Rasa-lila musicology

Prabandha (प्रबन्ध) refers to songs (gāna) that are composed of all of the dhātus and aṅgas.—There are five classifications of prabandha:

  1. Those having all six aṅgas are called medinī,
  2. Those having five are called nandinī.
  3. Those having four are called dīpanī,
  4. Those with three are called pāvanī,
  5. Those with two are called tārāvalī.
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Prabandha in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Prabandha (प्रबन्ध) refers to “(that which is) connected (to the breath)”, according to the Candrāvalokana: a short dialogue between Śiva and Matsyendranātha dealing with teachings on absorption, mind and breath.—Accordingly, while discussing the no-mind state: “So long as the moving breath does not enter the central channel; so long as one's semen, which is connected (prabandha) to the breath, is not stable, and so long as the no-mind state which corresponds to one’s natural [state] does not arise in meditation, then if one talks of gnosis, it is deceitful and false prattling”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Prabandha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Prabandha (प्रबन्ध) refers to “continuity”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 2).—(Cf. Śrotrendriya)—Accordingly, “[...] Some stanzas say: ‘If there is an action (karman), there are also fruits (phala). The non-existence of the agent (kāraka), of the action and of the fruit Is the absolute (parama) and profound (gambhīra) law That the Buddha was able to discover. There is emptiness (śūnya) but not annihilation (uccheda), Continuity (prabandha), but not eternity (śaśvata), Sin (āpatti) and merit (puṇya), and not destruction (vipraṇaśa): Such is the law which the Buddha preaches’.”

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Prabandha.—name of hymnical compositions in Tamil by ancient Vaiṣṇava devotees. The contributions of hymns and prayers by the twelve āḻvārs in praise of Viṣṇu make up the Nālāyiradivyaprabandham. Nālāyira (four thousand) indicates the rough total number of items and prabandham is regarded as mean- ing a compilation. The first thousand is known as Tirumoḻi and comprises hymns of Periyāḻvār, Āṇḍāl, Kulaśekhara, etc.; the second thousand contains the hymns of Tirumaṅgai; the third comprises the compositions of the first three āḻvārs called Iyaṟpā, viz. Tirumaḻiśai, Nammāḻvar and Tirumaṅgai, and the fourth called Tiruvāymoḻi is entirely the work of Nammāḻvār. Nāthamunigaḻ is stated to be the compiler of this anthology. See M. S. Purnalingam Pillai, Tamil Literature, pp. 181 ff. Note: prabandha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prabandha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prabandha (प्रबंध).—m S A kind of song or metrical composition in the Sanskrit language. 2 Composition or construction (of a discourse, of verses &c.): also a discourse, disquisition, treatise &c.; or the pamphlet or book containing it.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prabandha (प्रबंध).—m A kind of metrical composition. Composition.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prabandha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prabandha (प्रबन्ध).—

1) A bond, tie.

2) Uninterruptedness, continuance, continuity, uninterrupted series or succession; विच्छेदमाप भुवि यस्तु कथाप्रबन्धः (vicchedamāpa bhuvi yastu kathāprabandhaḥ) K.239; क्रियाप्रबन्धादयमध्वराणाम् (kriyāprabandhādayamadhvarāṇām) R.6.23;3.58; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 6.3.

3) A continued or connected narrative or discourse; अनुज्झितार्थसंबन्धः प्रबन्धो दुरुदाहरः (anujjhitārthasaṃbandhaḥ prabandho durudāharaḥ) Śiśupālavadha 2.73.

4) Any literary work or composition; प्रथित- यशसां भासकविसौमिल्लकविमिश्रादीनां प्रबन्धानतिक्रम्य (prathita- yaśasāṃ bhāsakavisaumillakavimiśrādīnāṃ prabandhānatikramya) M.1; प्रत्यक्षर- श्लेषमयप्रबन्ध (pratyakṣara- śleṣamayaprabandha) &c. Vās.

5) Arrangement, plan, scheme; as in कपटप्रबन्धः (kapaṭaprabandhaḥ)

6) A commentary.

Derivable forms: prabandhaḥ (प्रबन्धः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Prabandha (प्रबन्ध).—m. (Sanskrit, continuation, continuity), in Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 37.10 ff., 38.5 ff., 39.3, seems to be nearly a synonym [Page382-a+ 71] for pravṛtti (which occurs as var. for it in one ms. 39.3; see pravṛtti-vijñāna), continuous activity or existence, viz. of vijñāna, contrasted with lakṣaṇa, the external mark or manifested aspect (Suzuki, Studies, 183) of vijñāna; both must be subjected to suppression (nirodha); 38.5 f. prabandha-nirodhaḥ…yasmān na (so, with Tibetan) pra- vartate, as a result of which it no longer operates; the pra- bandha of vijñāna is analogous to the relation between atoms of clay and a Jump of clay composed of them, ‘neither different nor not different’, 38.9 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabandha (प्रबन्ध).—m.

(-ndhaḥ) 1. Continuous application or action, continuance, uninterruptedness. 2. A connected discussion. 3. A tie, a bond. 4. A literary composition, particularly a poetical one. E. pra before, badhi to bind, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabandha (प्रबन्ध).—[pra-bandh + a], m. 1. Uninterrupted connexion. 2. Continuous application, [Hitopadeśa] 47, 3, M.M.; action. 3. A connected narrative, composition, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 112, 5. 4. A literary production, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] 3, 2 bel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabandha (प्रबन्ध).—[masculine] connection, bond, tie (also na [neuter]); continuation, uninterrupted series; literary composition.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prabandha (प्रबन्ध):—[=pra-bandha] [from pra-bandh] m. a connection, band, tie (garbha-nāḍī-prab, the umbilical cord), [Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] an uninterrupted connection, continuous series, uninterruptedness, continuance, [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a composition, ([especially]) any literary production, [Kāvya literature; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Pratāparudrīya]

4) [v.s. ...] a commentary, [Naiṣadha-carita [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabandha (प्रबन्ध):—[pra-bandha] (ndhaḥ) 1. m. A continued act; a connected narrative.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Prabandha (प्रबन्ध) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pabaṃdha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prabandha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prabandha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prabaṃdha (ಪ್ರಬಂಧ):—

1) [noun] the condition of being bound, tied, attached together; a close and firm relationship between persons; a binding.

2) [noun] an arranging or being arranged; arrangement.

3) [noun] something made by arranging in a particular manner; arrangement.

4) [noun] a continuous flow, series or succeession; continuity.

5) [noun] a literary work (esp. a poetical one).

6) [noun] a short literary composition on a particular theme or subject, in prose and gen. analytic, speculative or interpretative; an essay.

7) [noun] a kind of musical composition, which has a clear tāḷa structure and prosodic metre.

8) [noun] any of the works of Tamil Vaiṣṇava saints consisting of songs in praise of some forms of Viṣṇu characeterised by piety and devotion.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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