Medas, Medash: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Medas means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Medas (मेदस्):—Sanskrit word for ‘fat’. It is associated with Gola, which is the fourth seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Medas (मेदस्) refers to “fat”, as mentioned in verse 5.29-30 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Of sour digestion and taste, constipating, heavy, (and) warming (are) curds [viz., dadhi]; (they are) destructive of wind (and) generative of fat [viz., medas-kṛt], sperm, strength, phlegm, hemorrhage, (gastric) fire, and cutaneous swellings. (As they are) appetizing, (they are) commended in anorexia, cold irregular fever, catarrh, and strangury; skimmed, however, in dysentery”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Medas (मेदस्) or Medoroga refers to “obesity” according to the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 17). Accordingly, “insufficiency of physical exertion, sleeping in day time, and taking of food increasing phlegm are causes which increase sweetness in the rasa or chyle (essence of the food consumed), making it generate more fat than is actually required for the proper maintenance of the body. Fat (medas), thus, accumulates in the system, and the fluid-carrying passages having been blocked by fat, the other dhatus stand a very little chance of being developed. A fatty man thus becomes in-active”.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Medas (मेदस्, “fat”) (Pali, Meda) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., medas]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Medas (मेदस्).—n. [meda-asun]

1) Fat, marrow (one of the seven dhātus of the body and supposed to lie in the abdomen); Ms.3.182; मेदसा तर्पयेद् देवानथर्वाङ्गिरसः पठन् (medasā tarpayed devānatharvāṅgirasaḥ paṭhan) Y.1.44; पिपीलिकाभिराचीर्णमेदस्त्वङ्मांसशोणितम् (pipīlikābhirācīrṇamedastvaṅmāṃsaśoṇitam) Bhāg.7.3.15.

2) Corpulence, fat of the body; मेदच्छेदकृशोदरं लघु भवत्यु- त्थानयोग्यं वपुः (medacchedakṛśodaraṃ laghu bhavatyu- tthānayogyaṃ vapuḥ) Ś.2.5.

3) Excessive fatness, morbid corpulence.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Medas (मेदस्).—n.

(-daḥ) 1. Marrow; applicable not merely to the marrow of the bones, but more properly, to the serous or adipose secretion that spreads amongst the muscular fibres, and which is considered as performing the same functions to the flesh that the marrow of the bones performs to them: in Hindu physiology its proper seat is said to be the abdomen. 2. Morbid or unnatural corpulency. E. mid to be unctuous, asun aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Medas (मेदस्).—n. 1. Marrow, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 123. 2. The serous secretion that spreads amongst the muscular fibres. 3. Morbid corpufency, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 38.

— Cf. perhaps [Latin] medūlla.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Medas (मेदस्).—[neuter] ([masculine]) fat, corpulence.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Medaś (मेदश्):—[from med] in [compound] for medas.

2) Medas (मेदस्):—[from med] n. fat, marrow, lymph (as one of the 7 Dhātus, q.v.; its proper seat is said to be the abdomen), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] excessive fatness, corpulence, [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] a mystical term for the letter v, [Upaniṣad]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Medas (मेदस्):—(daḥ) 5. n. Marrow of the bones, or flesh; great corpulency.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Medas (मेदस्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Mea.

[Sanskrit to German]

Medas in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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