Medini, Medinī: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Medini means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam

The name of this earth is Medinī (मेदिनी), since it was made out of the marrow of the two Asuras Madhu and Kaiṭabha. This earth is termed Dharā because it supports all; is termed Prithvī because it is very capacious; and it is called Mahī because it is great, since it supports so many beings. The Ananta serpent is holding it on her thousand-hoods.

To make the earth remain solid and compact, Brahmā built at places mountains. As iron nails in a log of wood, so these hills and mountains within this earth made it fixed. Therefore the Pundits call these mountains “Mahīdhara,” holder of the earth. Thus the golden Meru, the great mountain, many Yojanas wide, adorned with many golden mountain peaks was created.

Also se the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa, chapter 13.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Medinī (मेदिनी).—A synonym for Earth (Bhūmi). (See under Kaiṭabha for details).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Medinī (मेदिनी).—The earth; deluge foretold by the fish;1 of seven dvīpas;2 surrounded by seas; filled with medas of Madhu and Kaiṭabha.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 1. 24-9.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 89.
  • 3) Ib. 63. 1 and 2.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Medinī (मेदिनी) refers to “the earth” and is the presiding deity of sumatī (‘devotional’), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 67-84. Sumatī represents one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical composition (prabandha). Elā is an important subgenre of song and was regarded as an auspicious and important prabandha (composition) in ancient Indian music (gāndharva). According to nirukta analysis, the etymological meaning of elā can be explained as follows: a represents Viṣṇu, i represents Kāmadeva, la represents Lakṣmī.

Medinī is one of the sixteen deities presiding over the corresponding sixteen words of the elā-prabandha, all of which are defined in the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”): a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Medinī (मेदिनी) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).  The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Medinī], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

medinī : (f.) the earth.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Medinī, (f.) (of adj. medin, fr. meda fat, but cp. Vedic medin an associate or companion fr. mid in meaning to be friendly) the earth (also later Sk.) Mhvs 5, 185; 15, 47; Vism. 125. (Page 541)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mēdinī (मेदिनी).—f S The terraqueous globe.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mēdinī (मेदिनी).—f The earth.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Medinī (मेदिनी).—

1) The earth; न मामवति सद्वीपा रत्नसूरपि मेदिनी (na māmavati sadvīpā ratnasūrapi medinī) R.1.65; चञ्चलं वसु नितान्तमुन्नता मेदिनीमपि हरन्त्यरातयः (cañcalaṃ vasu nitāntamunnatā medinīmapi harantyarātayaḥ) Ki.13. 52; (madhukaiṭabhayorāsīnmedasaiva pariplutā | teneyaṃ medinīnāmnā sarvataḥ parikīrtitā ||).

2) Ground, land, soil.

3) Spot, place.

4) Name of a lexicon (medinīkośa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Medinī (मेदिनी).—f. (-nī) The earth. E. medas adeps, ini and ṅīp affs.; being made, according to the legend, of the adeps of two demons slain by Brahma.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Medinī (मेदिनी).— (probably = mṛdinī, and based on its original form mardinī, cf. geha, vetana; or perhaps meda + in + ī), f. 1. The earth, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 41; earth, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 95, 67. 2. A country, Cān. 45 in Berl. Monatsb. 1864, 410.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Medinī (मेदिनी):—[from medin > med] a f. See next.

2) [v.s. ...] b f. ‘having fatness or fertility’, the earth, land, soil, ground, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a place, spot, [Harivaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] a kind of musical composition, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

5) [v.s. ...] Gmelina Arborea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] = medā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a lexicon (also -kośa or medini-k).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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