Durmati, Dur-mati: 19 definitions


Durmati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Durmati (दुर्मति) refers to the fifty-fifth of the sixty-year cycle of Jupiter, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The five years of the eleventh yuga are—1. Piṅgala, 2. Kālayukta, 3. Siddhārtha, 4. Raudra, 5. Durmati. In the first year there will be much rain and fear from thieves and mankind will suffer from consumption of the lungs and the like asthmatic complaints. In the year Kālayukta mankind will suffer from various evils; but in Siddhārtha they will be happy in more ways than one. In the year Raudra mankind will suffer much and there will be loss and ruin in the land. In Durmati there will be moderate rain”.

Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas

Durmati (दुर्मति) refers to the fifty-fifth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native who has birth in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘durmati’ has the pride of keeping his words, remains constantly unhappy, is sensual or given to the pleasures of sex, engaged in doing base deeds and is foolish or ignorant.

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year durmati (2041-2042 AD) will be lustful, dull-witted, distressed by afflictions and base-minded.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Durmati (दुर्मति) is the fifty-fifth of sixty years (saṃvatsara) in the Vedic lunar calendar according to the Arcana-dīpikā by Vāmana Mahārāja (cf. Appendix).—Accordingl, There are sixty different names for each year in the Vedic lunar calendar, which begins on the new moon day (Amāvasyā) after the appearance day of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu (Gaura-pūrṇimā), in February or March. The Vedic year [viz., Durmati], therefore, does not correspond exactly with the Christian solar calendar year.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Durmati (दुर्मति) refers to one of “wicked intentions” and is used by Nandīśvara to address Dakṣa after the latter cursed Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.26. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] after duly saluting Śiva along with the devas, Nandin, the attendant of Śiva who had heard the words of Dakṣa, was very furious and rolled his eyes. With an intention to curse him, he immediately spoke to Dakṣa. Nandīśvara said:—‘[...] O Dakṣa, of wicked intentions (durmati), in vain did you curse him by your inconsiderate rashness as a Brahmin. The great lord Śiva who is free from defects, has in vain been ridiculed by you’”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Durmati (दुर्मति) refers to a “fool”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “[...] Out of [his own] head indeed has God, the Lord, created the King in ancient times. Therefore does he have his head anointed and stands above all beings. The King is praised in Revealed Knowledge and Systematized Bodies of Knowledge as a double Brāhmaṇa (i.e. as worth twice as much as a Brāhmaṇa). If one is hostile to him out of delusion, that fool is hostile to Hari [himself] (durmatihariṃ dveṣṭi durmatiḥ)”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Durmati (दुर्मति) refers to one of the Rākṣasas fighting in Rāvaṇa’s army, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.7 [The killing of Rāvaṇa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] When the battle had been going on for a long time, the army of the Rākṣasas was broken by the Vānaras like a forest by winds. [...] Then Svayambhū obstructed Durmati. [...] Other Kapis obstructed other Rākṣasas in this way and fought with them like sea-monsters with sea-monsters in the ocean.”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

durmati (दुर्मति).—f (S) Evilmindedness or malignity. 2 Foolishness, fatuity. 3 attrib. Evilminded or fatuous.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

durmati (दुर्मति).—f Evil-mindedness or malignity. Foolishness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Durmati (दुर्मति).—a.

1) silly, stupid, foolish, ignorant.

2) wicked, evilminded; न सांपरायिकं तस्य दुर्मतेर्विद्यते फलम् (na sāṃparāyikaṃ tasya durmatervidyate phalam) Manusmṛti 11.3.

Durmati is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dur and mati (मति).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Durmati (दुर्मति).—(1) name of a king: Mahāvastu ii.485.8; (2) name of a son of Māra, unfavorable to the Bodhisattva: Lalitavistara 309.3; (3) f., name of a queen: Avadāna-śataka i.178.9 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Durmati (दुर्मति).—mfn. (-tiḥ-tiḥ-ti) Silly, ignorant, simple, a blockhead. E. dur, and mati mind.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Durmati (दुर्मति).—adj. 1. foolish, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 48. 2. wicked, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 30.

Durmati is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dus and mati (मति).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Durmati (दुर्मति).—1. [feminine] ill-will or false opinion.

--- OR ---

Durmati (दुर्मति).—2. [adjective] foolish or wicked.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Durmati (दुर्मति):—[=dur-mati] [from dur] f. bad disposition of mind, envy, hatred, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] false opinion or notions, [Cāṇakya]

3) [v.s. ...] mfn. weak-minded, silly, ignorant (rarely ‘malicious’, ‘wicked’)

4) [v.s. ...] m. fool, blockhead (rarely ‘scoundrel’, ‘villain’), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] Name of the 55th year of the cycle of Jupiter (lasting 60 years), [Varāha-mihira; Sūryasiddhānta]

6) [v.s. ...] of a demon, [Lalita-vistara]

7) [v.s. ...] of a blockhead, Bharat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Durmati (दुर्मति):—[dur-mati] (tiḥ-tiḥ-ti) a. Foolish.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Durmati (दुर्मति) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dummai.

[Sanskrit to German]

Durmati in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Durmati (ದುರ್ಮತಿ):—

1) [adjective] having wicked, evil thoughts.

2) [adjective] foolish; stupid; unwise; senseless.

--- OR ---

Durmati (ದುರ್ಮತಿ):—

1) [noun] wicked-mindedness.

2) [noun] a depraved, corrupt, wicked person.

3) [noun] foolishness; senselessness; stupidity.

4) [noun] a fool; a stupid fellow.

5) [noun] the fifty-fifth year in the cycle of sixty years.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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