Mathara, aka: Māṭhara, Māthara, Maṭhara; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Mathara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Māṭhara (माठर) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Māṭhara) various roles suitable to them.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana

Mathara in Purana glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

1a) Māṭhara (माठर).—A Śrutaṛṣi.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 33. 3.

1b) The sacred forest in the Vindhyas fit for śrāddha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 13. 33; Vāyu-purāṇa 77. 33.

1c) Kaśyapa gotrakāras.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 199. 2.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

(v.l. Matthara).

A parrot belonging to Mahosadha. When Mahosadha wished to find out the plans of Culani Brahmadatta, he sent Mathara to the mynah that lived in Culanis bedchamber. Mathara made love to her, pretending that he had come from Aritthapura to ask her to marry him, because his first wife (also a mynah) had been killed by a hawk. He related the stories of Vasudeva and Jambavati and of Vaccha and Rattavati, to prove that husband and wife need not be equal in birth. Having won her heart and discovered Culanis secrets, Mathara flew back to Mahosadha (J.vi.418ff). He is identified with Ananda. J.vi.478.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Māṭhara (माठर) is the name of a Brāhmin and master of teaching (upadeśa) from Rājagṛha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XVI). Accordingly, “Because this man [Māṭhara] was very skillful in debate, the king had given him as a privilege a large village situated not far from the capital. This Māṭhara married and his wife bore a daughter; because the eyes of this young girl resembled those of the Chö li (śāri, the heron) bird, she was called Śāri; later the mother bore a son whose knee-bones were very big, and for that reason he was called Kiu hi lo (Kauṣṭhila). After this Brāhmin married, he was busy raising his son and daughter; he forgot all the holy books he had studied and he did not put his mind to acquiring new knowledge”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

During the reign of Bimbisara, a Mathara Brahmana of Nalada village (Nalanda) visited his court. This Brahmana was the author of Matharashastra. Undoubtedly, Matharashastra is the famous “Matharavritti”, a commentary on Sankhya Karikas of Ishvarakrishna. Therefore, Sankhya philosopher Ishvarakrishna must be dated before 2000 BC.

Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism

India history and geogprahy

Māṭhara (माठर) is the name of a Brāhman mentioned in the Pallava grant of king Śivaskandavarman. He is als known as Māḍhara. The Prākrit Pallava king Śivaskandavarman of Kāñcī, who was affiliated to the Brahmanical gotra of the Bhāradvājas, confirmed and enlarged, in the eighth year of his reign, a donation, made formerly by the great king, the lord Bappa (i.e., probably his father), to certain Brahmans (eg., Māṭhara), who resided at Āpiṭṭi or Āpiṭṭī, and were bhojakas, i.e., probably freeholders of the vilalge Chillarekakoḍuṃka or Chillerekakoḍuṃka.

According to the 4th-century Pallava grant, “... and we grant here an immunity (viz.) the garden in Chillarekakoḍuṃka, which was formerly given by the great king, the lord Bappa, a giver of many krors of gold and of one hundred thousand ox-ploughs,—while he made (the gift) a means of the increase of the merit, longevity, power and fame of (his) own family and race —to the Brāhmans, freeholders of Chillarekakoḍuṃka (and) inhabitants of Āpiṭṭi, (viz.) ... to Māḍhara (Māṭhara) two shares of the produce ...”

Source: archive.org: Epigraphia Indica Vol. 1 (1892)

Māṭhara is the name of an ancient dynasty, as mentioned in the “Pedda-Dugam plates of Śatrudamana” (5th century A. D.). The Māṭharas, who originally ruled from Piṣṭapura, appear to have ousted the Pitṛbhaktas from Central Kaliṅga. The Ragolu plates, issued by the Māṭhara king Śaktivarman from Piṣṭapura, record a grant of land in the neighbourhood of Siṃhapura.

These plates (mentioning Māṭhara) were discovered in the course of digging the earth for the foundation of a house at the village of Pedda-Dugam in the Narasannapet Taluk of the Srikakulam District, Andhra State. It was issued to the villagers headed by Brāhmaṇas and others, residing at the three localities called Duhāgrāma, Vasuvāṭaka and Govāṭaka.

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maṭhara (मठर).—a.

1) Intoxicated, drunk.

2) Hard, harsh (sound).

--- OR ---

Māṭhara (माठर).—

1) Name of Vyāsa.

2) A Brāhmaṇa.

3) A distiller (śauṇḍika Sk.)

4) One of the attendants on the sun (pāripārśvika); तैरेव फलपत्रैश्च स माठरमतोषयत् (taireva phalapatraiśca sa māṭharamatoṣayat) Mb.12. 292.8.

5) Name of a Gotra; माठरोऽस्मि गोत्रेण (māṭharo'smi gotreṇa).

Derivable forms: māṭharaḥ (माठरः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 19 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Matharavana
Māṭharavana (माठरवन).—A holy place in Dakṣiṇa Bhārata. The victory pillar of Māṭharaka, an aide...
Shari
Śāri (शारि) is the daughter of Māṭhara: a Brāhmin from Rājagṛha according to the 2nd century Ma...
Vishaya
Viṣaya (विषय) is a synonym for Deśa (“region”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-var...
Sharika
Śārikā (शारिका) is an epithet of Durgā, praised and installed by Pradyumna, according to t...
Eka
Eka (एक, “one”) is the first of sixty digits (decimal place) in an special enumeration system m...
Pishtapura
Piṣṭapura is the name of an ancient city corresponding to the modern Pithapuram, as mentioned i...
Kaushthila
Kauṣṭhila (कौष्ठिल) is the son of Māṭhara: a Brāhmin from Rājagṛha according to the 2nd century...
Aneka
Aneka (अनेक).—a.1) Not one; more than one, many; अनेकपितृकाणां तु पितृतो भागकल्पना (anekapitṛkā...
Shaktivarman
Śaktivarman, father of Prabhañjanavarman, is the name of a person mentioned in the “Pedda-Dugam...
Paratantra
Paratantra (परतन्त्र).—a. dependent on another, dependent, subservient. Paratantra is a Sanskri...
Shariputra
Śāriputra (शारिपुत्र) is the name of a disciple of the Buddha according to the 2nd century Mahā...
Vaccha
Vaccha (वच्छ).—= वत्सः (vatsaḥ) q. v.Derivable forms: vacchaḥ (वच्छः).
Varunasrotasa
Varuṇasrotasa (वरुणस्रोतस).—A holy place situated in Māthara forest in South India. (Mahābhārat...
Madhara
Māḍhara (माढर) is the name of a Brāhman mentioned in the Pallava grant of king Śivaskandavarman...
Matthara
See Mathara.

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