Mahodara, Maha-udara, Mahodāra, Mahant-odara: 25 definitions


Mahodara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Mahodara in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

Mahodara (महोदर) is the name of a gaṇa (attendant of Śiva), mentioned in the Skandapurāṇa 4.2.53. In this chapter, Śiva (Giriśa) summons his attendants (gaṇas) and ask them to venture towards the city Vārāṇasī (Kāśī) in order to find out what the yoginīs, the sun-god, Vidhi (Brahmā) were doing there.

While the gaṇas such as Mahodara were staying at Kāśī, they were desirous but unable of finding a weakness in king Divodaśa who was ruling there. Kāśī is described as a fascinating place beyond the range of Giriśa’s vision, and as a place where yoginīs become ayoginīs, after having come in contact with it. Kāśī is described as having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.

The Skandapurāṇa narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is the largest Mahāpurāṇa composed of over 81,000 metrical verses, with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Mahodara (महोदर).—A serpent born to Kaśyapa of his wife Kadrū. (Śloka 16, Chapter 35, Ādi Parva).

2) Mahodara (महोदर).—One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. Bhīmasena killed him in the great battle. (Śloka 19, Chapter 157, Droṇa Parva).

3) Mahodara (महोदर).—An ancient sage. (See under Kapālamocana).

4) Mahodara (महोदर).—An army chief of Rāvaṇa. (Uttara Rāmāyaṇa).

5) Mahodara (महोदर).—A friend of Ghaṭotkaca son of Bhīma. When Ghaṭotkaca started for Prāgjyotiṣapura to conquer Kāmakaṭaṅkaṭa, Mahodara also followed him. (Skanda Purāṇa).

6) Mahodara (महोदर).—One of the sons of Rāvaṇa. In the Rāma-Rāvaṇa battle Mahodara fought first with Aṅgada and later in a combat with the monkey soldier Nīla, he was killed. (Sargas 70, 81, Yuddha Kāṇḍa, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa).

7) Mahodara (महोदर).—The minister of Sumālī, grandfather (maternal), of Rāvaṇa. In the Rāma-Rāvaṇa battle Mahodara accompanied Sumālī when he came to help Rāvaṇa. (Uttara Kāṇḍa, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa).

8) Mahodara (महोदर).—One of the sons of Viśravas born of his wife Puṣpotkatā. Hanūmān killed this demon in the Rāma-Rāvaṇa battle. (Yuddha Kāṇḍa, Chapter 70, Verse 66, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Mahodara (महोदर) is the name of a Gaṇeśvara (attendant of Śiva), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.9 (“Śiva’s campaign”).—Accordingly, as Śiva with the Gods attacked Tripura: “[...] O great Brahmins, all the Gaṇeśvaras went to the three cities. Who can enumerate them fully? I shall mention a few. These were the important ones who were there—[e.g., Mahodara] [...]. These and other innumerable lords of Gaṇas who cannot be characterised and classified surrounded Śiva and went ahead. [...] They were capable of burning the entire world including the mobile and immobile beings, within a trice by their very thought. Surrounding Śiva, the great lord, they went ahead. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Mahodara (महोदर).—A son of Puṣpotkaṭā and Viśravas;1 a Dānava.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 55; Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 49.
  • 2) Ib. 68. 10.

1b) A leader of Śiva Gaṇa ordered by Śiva to fetch Paraśurāma to help the Devas in their war against the Asuras;1 especially to fight Śūra.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 24. 50, 57; 25. 46.
  • 2) Ib. III. 46. 11.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Mahodara (महोदर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.15, I.35) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mahodara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Mahodara is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.108.6) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Mahodara (महोदर) is one of the sons of Puṣpotkaṭā and Viśravas, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] Viśravas was born to [Ilavilā and Pulastya]. Viśravas had four wives—Puṣpotkaṭā, Vākā, Kaikasī and Devavarṇinī. From Puṣpotkaṭā were born three sons—Mahodara, Prahasta, Mahāpārśva and a daughter named Kumbhanakhī.

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa (itihasa)

Mahodara is the name of a Serpent (sarpa) mentioned in the thirty-fifth chapter (verses 4-17) of the Ādiparva of the Mahābhārata.—Accordingly, Sauti, on being implored by Śaunaka to name all the serpents in the course of the sarpa-sattra, tells him that it is humanly impossible to give a complete list because of their sheer multiplicity; but would name the prominent ones in accordance with their significance [e.g., Mahodara].

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of mahodara in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Mahodara (महोदर) refers to “combination of more than one udararoga” and represents one of the eight types of udararoga (“diseases affecting the belly”) according to the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 6).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of mahodara in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Mahodara (महोदर) refers to one of the eight Guardians (kṣetrapāla-aṣṭaka) associated with Pūrṇagiri or Pūrṇapīṭha (which is located in the northern quarter), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The eight guardians: Agnijihva, Pralamba, Vidyādhipa, Viśeśvara, Sumukha, Mahāmuṇḍa, Mahodara, Pinākin.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of mahodara in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A Naga king who reigned over a kingdom by the sea in Ceylon. His younger sister was married to the Naga on Vaddhamanapabbata and her son was Culodara. There was a war between uncle and nephew regarding a gem set throne, and it was to settle this dispute that the Buddha paid his second visit to Ceylon. Mhv.i.45ff.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Discover the meaning of mahodara in the context of Theravada from relevant books on Exotic India

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Mahodara (महोदर) [?] is the name of a Kumbhāṇḍa appointed as one of the Divine protector deities of Surāṣṭra, according to chapter 17 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—In the Candragarbhasūtra, the Bhagavat invites all classes of Gods and Deities to protect the Law [dharma?] and the faithful in their respective kingdoms of Jambudvīpa [e.g., the Kumbhāṇḍa Mahodara in Surāṣṭra], resembling the time of the past Buddhas.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of mahodara in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Mahodara (महोदर) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Mahodara] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Mahodara (महोदर) is the name of an ancient king from Kumbhapura, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.2 [Rāvaṇa’s expedition of conquest] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “[...] Then Kumbhakarṇa married the daughter of King Mahodara, lord of Kumbhapura, borne by Queen Surūpanayanā, just grown, named Taḍinmālā, resembling a flash of lightning in color, with curving breasts like full jars. Bibhīṣaṇa married the daughter of Vīra, lord of Jyotiṣpura in the south row of Vaitāḍhya, borne by Queen Nandavatī, named Paṅkajaśrī, whose eyes were thieves of the beauty of lotuses”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of mahodara in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mahodara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mahodara : (adj.) having a big belly.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Mahodara refers to: big belly J. VI, 358 (addressing a king’s minister).

Note: mahodara is a Pali compound consisting of the words mahant and odara.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of mahodara in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahodara (महोदर).—a. big-bellied, corpulent.

Mahodara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and udara (उदर).

--- OR ---

Mahodāra (महोदार).—a.

1) very generous or magnanimous.

2) mighty, powerful.

Mahodāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and udāra (उदार).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahodāra (महोदार).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Mighty, powerful. E. mahā and udāra great.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahodara (महोदर).—adj., f, , having a large belly, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 23, 15.

Mahodara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and udara (उदर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahodara (महोदर).—1. [neuter] large belly, dropsy.

--- OR ---

Mahodara (महोदर).—2. [adjective] big-bellied; [Name] of a serpent-de-mon etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mahodara (महोदर):—[from mahā > mah] n. ‘large abdomen’, dropsy, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] mf(ī)n. big-bellied, [Raghuvaṃśa; Caraka]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a serpent-demon, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] of a Dānava, [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] of a Rākṣasa, [Rāmāyaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] of a son of Viśvāmitra, [Rāmāyaṇa]

8) Mahodāra (महोदार):—[from mahā > mah] mfn. mighty, powerful, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahodāra (महोदार):—[maho+dāra] (raḥ-rā-raṃ) a. Mighty.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Mahodara (महोदर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Mahoara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mahodara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of mahodara in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mahōdara (ಮಹೋದರ):—[adjective] having a potbelly; pot-bellied.

--- OR ---

Mahōdara (ಮಹೋದರ):—

1) [noun] a distended or protuberant belly; pot-belly.

2) [noun] an abnormal infiltration and excess accumulation of serous fluid in connective tissue or in a serous cavity, esp. with swelling the belly; dropsy; edema.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of mahodara in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Related products

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: