Mahodara, Maha-udara, Mahodāra, Mahant-odara: 18 definitions
Mahodara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana
Mahodara (महोदर) is the name of a gaṇa (attendant of Śiva), mentioned in the Skandapurāṇa 4.2.53. In this chapter, Śiva (Giriśa) summons his attendants (gaṇas) and ask them to venture towards the city Vārāṇasī (Kāśī) in order to find out what the yoginīs, the sun-god, Vidhi (Brahmā) were doing there.
While the gaṇas such as Mahodara were staying at Kāśī, they were desirous but unable of finding a weakness in king Divodaśa who was ruling there. Kāśī is described as a fascinating place beyond the range of Giriśa’s vision, and as a place where yoginīs become ayoginīs, after having come in contact with it. Kāśī is described as having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.
The Skandapurāṇa narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is the largest Mahāpurāṇa composed of over 81,000 metrical verses, with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Mahodara (महोदर).—A serpent born to Kaśyapa of his wife Kadrū. (Śloka 16, Chapter 35, Ādi Parva).
2) Mahodara (महोदर).—One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. Bhīmasena killed him in the great battle. (Śloka 19, Chapter 157, Droṇa Parva).
3) Mahodara (महोदर).—An ancient sage. (See under Kapālamocana).
4) Mahodara (महोदर).—An army chief of Rāvaṇa. (Uttara Rāmāyaṇa).
5) Mahodara (महोदर).—A friend of Ghaṭotkaca son of Bhīma. When Ghaṭotkaca started for Prāgjyotiṣapura to conquer Kāmakaṭaṅkaṭa, Mahodara also followed him. (Skanda Purāṇa).
6) Mahodara (महोदर).—One of the sons of Rāvaṇa. In the Rāma-Rāvaṇa battle Mahodara fought first with Aṅgada and later in a combat with the monkey soldier Nīla, he was killed. (Sargas 70, 81, Yuddha Kāṇḍa, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa).
7) Mahodara (महोदर).—The minister of Sumālī, grandfather (maternal), of Rāvaṇa. In the Rāma-Rāvaṇa battle Mahodara accompanied Sumālī when he came to help Rāvaṇa. (Uttara Kāṇḍa, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa).
8) Mahodara (महोदर).—One of the sons of Viśravas born of his wife Puṣpotkatā. Hanūmān killed this demon in the Rāma-Rāvaṇa battle. (Yuddha Kāṇḍa, Chapter 70, Verse 66, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexSource: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Mahodara (महोदर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.15, I.35) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mahodara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
Mahodara is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.108.6) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study
Mahodara (महोदर) is one of the sons of Puṣpotkaṭā and Viśravas, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] Viśravas was born to [Ilavilā and Pulastya]. Viśravas had four wives—Puṣpotkaṭā, Vākā, Kaikasī and Devavarṇinī. From Puṣpotkaṭā were born three sons—Mahodara, Prahasta, Mahāpārśva and a daughter named Kumbhanakhī.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Mahodara (महोदर) refers to “combination of more than one udararoga” and represents one of the eight types of udararoga (“diseases affecting the belly”) according to the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 6).
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
A Naga king who reigned over a kingdom by the sea in Ceylon. His younger sister was married to the Naga on Vaddhamanapabbata and her son was Culodara. There was a war between uncle and nephew regarding a gem set throne, and it was to settle this dispute that the Buddha paid his second visit to Ceylon. Mhv.i.45ff.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Mahodara (महोदर) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Mahodara] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
mahodara : (adj.) having a big belly.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Mahodara refers to: big belly J. VI, 358 (addressing a king’s minister).
Note: mahodara is a Pali compound consisting of the words mahant and odara.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Mahodara (महोदर).—a. big-bellied, corpulent.
Mahodara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and udara (उदर).
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1) very generous or magnanimous.
2) mighty, powerful.
Mahodāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and udāra (उदार).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Mighty, powerful. E. mahā and udāra great.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Mahodara (महोदर).—adj., f, rī, having a large belly, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 23, 15.
Mahodara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and udara (उदर).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Mahodara (महोदर).—1. [neuter] large belly, dropsy.
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Mahodara (महोदर).—2. [adjective] big-bellied; [Name] of a serpent-de-mon etc.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Mahodara (महोदर):—[from mahā > mah] n. ‘large abdomen’, dropsy, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) [v.s. ...] mf(ī)n. big-bellied, [Raghuvaṃśa; Caraka]
3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a serpent-demon, [Mahābhārata]
4) [v.s. ...] of a Dānava, [ib.]
5) [v.s. ...] of a Rākṣasa, [Rāmāyaṇa]
6) [v.s. ...] of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, [Mahābhārata]
7) [v.s. ...] of a son of Viśvāmitra, [Rāmāyaṇa]
8) Mahodāra (महोदार):—[from mahā > mah] mfn. mighty, powerful, [Horace H. Wilson]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Mahodāra (महोदार):—[maho+dāra] (raḥ-rā-raṃ) a. Mighty.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Mahodara (महोदर):—1. (mahā + u) n. ein starker Leib, Wasserbauch, Bauchwassersucht: jāta [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 7, 16.]
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Mahodara (महोदर):—2. (wie eben)
1) adj. f. ī dickbäuchig [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 23, 15.] vyāghra [PAÑCAR. 1, 3, 68.] —
2) m. Nomen proprium a) eines Schlangendämons [Mahābhārata 1, 1561.] — b) eines Dānava [Mahābhārata 1, 2533.] harāhara ed. Bomb. — c) eines Rākṣasa [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 45, 10. 80, 1. 6, 12, 17. 35, 11.] — d) eines Sohnes des Dhṛtarāṣṭra [Mahābhārata 1, 2732. 4546. 6, 3901. 3903.] — e) eines Sohnes des Viśvāmitra [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 1, 58, 5.] mahāratha [SCHL.] —
3) f. ī Asparagus racemosus Willd. [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]
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Mahodara (महोदर):—1. [Rāmāyaṇa 7, 35, 54.]
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2) f) eines Brahmanen [Mahābhārata 9, 2257. 2266.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
Mahodara (महोदर):—1. n. Wasserbauch , Bauchwassersucht [Indische studien von Weber 14,375.]
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Mahodara (महोदर):—2. —
1) Adj. (f. ī) dickbäuchig [Carakasaṃhitā 1,27] ([Carakasaṃhitā .ed.Calc.S.196.]). —
2) m. Nomen proprium — a) eines Schlangendämons. — b) eines Dānava. — c) eines Rākṣasa. — d) verschiedener Männer. —
3) f. ī — a) *Asparagus racemosus [Bhāvaprakāśa 1,212.] — b) Nomen proprium einer Tochter Maya’s [Wilson's Uebersetzung des Viṣṇupurāṇa 2,72.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Mahodaramukha.
Full-text (+5): Mahodaramukha, Mahodareshvara, Mahodarya, Pushpotkata, Tiracchika, Culodara, Dhumasikha, Maniakkhi, Mahodari, Kannavadhamana, Mahaparshva, Prahasta, Kumbhanakhi, Kapalamocana, Aushanas, Narantaka, Janasthana, Okotimaka, Vishrava, Harishcandra.
Search found 21 books and stories containing Mahodara, Maha-udara, Mahā-udara, Mahodāra, Mahā-udāra, Mahant-odara; (plurals include: Mahodaras, udaras, Mahodāras, udāras, odaras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Ramayana of Valmiki (by Hari Prasad Shastri)
Chapter 98 - Mahodara is slain by Sugriva < [Book 6 - Yuddha-kanda]
Chapter 70 - The Death of Devantaka, Trishiras, Mahodara and Mahaparshva < [Book 6 - Yuddha-kanda]
Chapter 23 - Ravana’s Struggle with the Sons of Varuna < [Book 7 - Uttara-kanda]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 3: Marriages of Kumbhakarṇa and Bibhīṣaṇa < [Chapter II - Rāvaṇa’s expedition of Conquest]
Part 3: War between the Rākṣasas and Vānaras < [Chapter VII - The killing of Rāvaṇa]
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Part 4 - Buddha’s Visits to Sihala (Sri Lanka) and Nagadipa < [Chapter 26 - The Buddha’s Eighth Vassa at the Town of Susumaragira]
Buddha attributes (6): Anuttaropurisa damma sārathi < [Chapter 42 - The Dhamma Ratanā]
Part 4 - Kāḷa Buddha Rakkhita Thera < [Chapter 23 - The Buddha’s Fifth Vassa at Vesali]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section LXXXIX < [Bhagavat-Gita Parva]
Section XXXV < [Astika Parva]
Section LXV < [Sambhava Parva]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 1 - Characteristics of Udara-roga (diseases affecting the belly) < [Chapter VI - Diseases affecting the belly (udara-roga)]