Maharashtra, aka: Mahārāṣṭra, Maha-rashtra; 5 Definition(s)
Maharashtra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Mahārāṣṭra can be transliterated into English as Maharastra or Maharashtra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Mahārāṣṭra (महाराष्ट्र).—(c)—a southern kingdom.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 57; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 125.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Mahārāṣṭra (महाराष्ट्र) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—In ancient times it was called by Daṇdakāranya. It is the Mārāthā country or the country watered by the upper Godāvarī or the land lying between this river and the Kṛṣṇā.Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
India history and geogprahy
Mahārāṣṭra (महाराष्ट्र) is the name of a country included within Dakṣiṇapatha which was situated to the south of the Vindhyas according to the Yādavaprakāśa. Dakṣiṇāpatha is a place-name ending is patha mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.
Mahārāṣṭra as included within Dakṣiṇapatha is also mentioned by Rājaśekhara (fl. 10th century) in his Kāvyamīmāṃsā (chapter 17) who places Dakṣiṇapatha ahead of Māhiṣmatī.Source: Wisdom Library: India History
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
mahārāṣṭra (महाराष्ट्र).—n m (S The great country.) The country of the Maraṭhas; bounded on the north by the Narmada river, on the south and east by the Carnatic and Telinga, and on the west by the ocean. 2 Used as a Relating to it--people, language, customs.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Mahārāṣṭra (महाराष्ट्र).—'the great kingdom', Name of a country in the west of India, the country of the Marāṭhās.
2) the people of Mahārāṣṭra; the Marāṭhās (pl.).
-ṣṭrī Name of the principal Prākṛta; dialect, the language of the people of the Mahārāṣṭra; cf. Daṇḍin:-महाराष्ट्राश्रयां भाषां प्रकृष्टं प्राकृतं विदुः (mahārāṣṭrāśrayāṃ bhāṣāṃ prakṛṣṭaṃ prākṛtaṃ viduḥ) Kāv.1.34.
Derivable forms: mahārāṣṭraḥ (महाराष्ट्रः).
Mahārāṣṭra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and rāṣṭra (राष्ट्र).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 17 books and stories containing Maharashtra, Mahārāṣṭra or Maha-rashtra. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The history of Andhra country (1000 AD - 1500 AD) (by Yashoda Devi)
Part 1 - The Yadavas of Addanki (A.D. 1150-1270) < [Chapter XIV - The Yadavas]
Part 5 - Sarngadhara II (A.D. 1253-1267) < [Chapter XIV - The Yadavas]
Buddhist records of the Western world (Xuanzang) (by Samuel Beal)
Chapter 2 - Country of Kong-kin-na-pu-lo (Konkanapura) < [Book XI - Twenty-three Countries]
Chapter 3 - Country of Mo-ho-la-ch’a (Maharashtra) < [Book XI - Twenty-three Countries]
Later Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 16 - The Description of Bharata < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
Chapter 58 - Rāma reclaims land from the sea < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 12 - The race of Agni < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
Bhagavad-gita-mahatmya (by Shankaracharya)