Maharashtra, Mahārāṣṭra, Maha-rashtra: 13 definitions



Maharashtra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mahārāṣṭra can be transliterated into English as Maharastra or Maharashtra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (M) next»] — Maharashtra in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mahārāṣṭra (महाराष्ट्र).—(c)—a southern kingdom.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 57; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 125.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (M) next»] — Maharashtra in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Mahārāṣṭra (महाराष्ट्र) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—In ancient times it was called by Daṇdakāranya. It is the Mārāthā country or the country watered by the upper Godāvarī or the land lying between this river and the Kṛṣṇā.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[«previous (M) next»] — Maharashtra in Pancaratra glossary
Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Mahārāṣṭra (महाराष्ट्र) is the name of an ancient region, coming from there represents an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] Nor originating in Kāmarūpa or Kaliṅga, or Kāñcī, Kāśmīra or Kośala, nor one having bad behavior, bad company or come from Mahārāṣṭra. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., mahārāṣṭra), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., mahārāṣṭra) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ganapatya (worship of Ganesha)

[«previous (M) next»] — Maharashtra in Ganapatya glossary
Source: Ashtavinayak (8 temples of Ganesha)

Maharashtra refers to a state in central India.—In Maharashtra there are eight revered temples dedicated to Vinayaka (eight images of Ganapati). Among the many holy abodes of God Ganesha, these eight places are considered especially important and beneficial for fulfilling the desires of his devotees. Temples “Ashta Vinayaka” are located around Pune. Just as the twelve Jyotirlingas of Shiva and fifty-two Shakti Pithis Devi are considered sacred, so the eight self-manifested abodes of Ganesha are considered sacred.

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Ganapatya (गाणपत्य, gāṇapatya) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Ganesha is revered and worshipped as the prime deity (ishta-devata). Being a minor though influential movement, Ganapatya evovled, llike Shaktism and Shaivism, as a separate movement leaving behind a large body of literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (M) next»] — Maharashtra in Hinduism glossary
Source: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7

Mahārāṣṭra (महाराष्ट्र) is the name of a country classified as both Hādi and Kādi (two types of Tantrik division), according to the 13th century Sammoha-tantra (fol. 7).—There are ample evidences to prove that the zone of heterodox Tantras went far beyond the natural limits of India. [...] The zones in the Sammoha-tantra [viz., Mahārāṣṭra] are here fixed according to two different Tantrik modes, known as Kādi and Hādi.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Mahārāṣṭra (महाराष्ट्र) is the name of a country included within Dakṣiṇapatha which was situated to the south of the Vindhyas according to the Yādavaprakāśa. Dakṣiṇāpatha is a place-name ending is patha mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.

Mahārāṣṭra as included within Dakṣiṇapatha is also mentioned by Rājaśekhara (fl. 10th century) in his Kāvyamīmāṃsā (chapter 17) who places Dakṣiṇapatha ahead of Māhiṣmatī.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Maharashtra in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mahārāṣṭra (महाराष्ट्र).—n m (S The great country.) The country of the Maraṭhas; bounded on the north by the Narmada river, on the south and east by the Carnatic and Telinga, and on the west by the ocean. 2 Used as a Relating to it--people, language, customs.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Maharashtra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahārāṣṭra (महाराष्ट्र).—'the great kingdom', Name of a country in the west of India, the country of the Marāṭhās.

2) the people of Mahārāṣṭra; the Marāṭhās (pl.).

-ṣṭrī Name of the principal Prākṛta; dialect, the language of the people of the Mahārāṣṭra; cf. Daṇḍin:-महाराष्ट्राश्रयां भाषां प्रकृष्टं प्राकृतं विदुः (mahārāṣṭrāśrayāṃ bhāṣāṃ prakṛṣṭaṃ prākṛtaṃ viduḥ) Kāv.1.34.

Derivable forms: mahārāṣṭraḥ (महाराष्ट्रः).

Mahārāṣṭra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and rāṣṭra (राष्ट्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahārāṣṭra (महाराष्ट्र).—n.

(-ṣṭraṃ) A country in the west of India, that of the original Mahrattas. f. (-ṣṭrī) A dialect, Mahratta. E. mahā and rāṣṭra kingdom.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahārāṣṭra (महाराष्ट्र).—[masculine] [plural] the Mahrattas; [feminine] ī the language of the [Middle]

--- OR ---

Māhārāṣṭra (माहाराष्ट्र).—[feminine] ī belonging to the Mahrattas; [feminine] ī the [Middle] language.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mahārāṣṭra (महाराष्ट्र):—[=mahā-rāṣṭra] [from mahā > mah] m. [plural] the Marāṭha people, commonly called Mahrattas, [Varāha-mihira; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa] etc.

2) [=mahā-rāṣṭra] [from mahā > mah] n. a gr° kingdom, gr° country, ([especially]) the land of the Marāṭhas in the west of India, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]

4) Māhārāṣṭra (माहाराष्ट्र):—[=māhā-rāṣṭra] [from māhā] mf(ī)n. ([from] mahā-r) belonging to the Marāṭhas

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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