Maharnava, Mahārṇava, Maha-arnava: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Maharnava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Maharnava in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Mahārṇava (महार्णव) refers to a country belonging to “Nairṛtī (south-western division)” classified under the constellations of Svāti, Viśākhā and Anurādhā, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Svāti, Viśākhā and Anurādhā represent the south-western division consisting of [i.e., Mahārṇava] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Maharnava in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Mahārṇava (महार्णव) refers to the “great ocean (of suffering)”, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “The teacher should be respected and worshipped. Teachers should always to be venerated. Then, if the teacher has been satisfied, all the moving and immobile world has been satisfied. There is no one who is equal to the teacher in the mortal world, especially in the heavens. What (more) should one who saves from the great ocean of suffering do (duḥkha-mahārṇava)? It is the disciple who acts (at the service of his teacher)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Maharnava in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Mahārṇava (महार्णव) refers to the “ocean” (of one’s ambition), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.48 (“Description of Marriage of Śiva and Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “On hearing the words of his friends, Himavat urged by Brahmā gave his daughter to Śiva. ‘O lord Śiva, I am giving this girl, my daughter to you as your wife. O lord of all, be pleased to accept her’. Himavat gave his daughter Pārvatī, the mother of the three worlds, to Śiva the great, repeating the mantra ‘tasmai rudrāya mahate’. Placing the hand of Pārvatī in the hand of Śiva the mountain rejoiced much mentally. He had the satisfaction of crossing the ocean (mahārṇava) of his ambition. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Maharnava in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Mahārṇava (महार्णव) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Mahārṇava] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Mahārṇava (महार्णव) refers to a “great ocean” (of excellent virtues), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “This self itself is clearly a great ocean of excellent virtues (guṇaratna-mahārṇava). It is all-knowing, all-pervading, having all forms, supreme [and] pure”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Maharnava in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mahārṇava (महार्णव).—m (S) The ocean or any great sea. 2 n fig. A great or long-continued contest; an obstinate battle or war. 3 Notoriety, the state of being blazoned abroad: also much ado about nothing. Ex. ēvaḍhēśā gōṣṭīcēṃ tvāṃ lāgalēñca ma0 kēlēṃsa.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Maharnava in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahārṇava (महार्णव).—

1) the great ocean.

2) Name of Śiva.

Derivable forms: mahārṇavaḥ (महार्णवः).

Mahārṇava is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and arṇava (अर्णव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahārṇava (महार्णव).—m.

(-vaḥ) The ocean. E. mahā great, arṇava the sea.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahārṇava (महार्णव).—m. the ocean.

Mahārṇava is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and arṇava (अर्णव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahārṇava (महार्णव).—[masculine] (great) ocean.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Mahārṇava (महार्णव) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[dharma] See Kṛtyamahārṇava, Smṛtimahārṇava. Quoted by Hemādri.
—by Pṛthvīmallarāja. Rice. 210. Mahārṇave Vedapārāyaṇavidhi. P. 11.

2) Mahārṇava (महार्णव):—jy. attributed to Māndhātṛ. B. 4, 172.

3) Mahārṇava (महार्णव):—med. B. 4, 232.

4) Mahārṇava (महार्णव):—[tantric] Oudh. Xi, 30.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mahārṇava (महार्णव):—[from mahā > mah] m. (hār) ‘mighty sea’, the ocean, [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [=mahā-rṇava] [from mahārṇava > mahā > mah] Name of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] of sub voce works.

4) [v.s. ...] [plural] ‘dwelling by the ocean’, Name of a people, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahārṇava (महार्णव):—[mahā+rṇava] (vaḥ) 1. m. The ocean.

[Sanskrit to German]

Maharnava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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