Mah, Māh: 5 definitions

Introduction

Mah means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mah (मह्).—I. 1 P., 1 U. (mahati, mahayati-te, mahita)

1) To honour, respect, hold in great esteem, worship, revere, value greatly; गोप्तारं न निधीनां महयन्ति महेश्वरं विबुधाः (goptāraṃ na nidhīnāṃ mahayanti maheśvaraṃ vibudhāḥ) Subhāṣ.; जयश्रीविन्यस्तैर्महित इव मन्दारकुसुमैः (jayaśrīvinyastairmahita iva mandārakusumaiḥ) Gīt.11; स्त्री पुमानित्यनास्थैषा वृत्तं हि महितं सताम् (strī pumānityanāsthaiṣā vṛttaṃ hi mahitaṃ satām) Ku.6.12; Ki.5.7,24; Bk.1.2; R.5.25;11.49.

2) To delight, gladden.

3) To increase, aggrandize.

4) (Ātm.) To delight in; प्रशस्तिभिर्महयसे दिवे दिवे (praśastibhirmahayase dive dive) Ṛv.6.15.2.

5) To be honoured. (Ved. in the last four senses.) II. 1 Ā. (mahate) To grow or increase.

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Māh (माह्).—1 U. (māhati-te) To measure.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mah (मह्).—r. 1st and 10th cls. (mahati mahayati-te) To revere, to worship, to adore. (i)mahi r. 1st cl. (maṃhate) To grow or increase. r. 10th cl. (maṃhayati) 1. To speak. 2. To shine.

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Māh (माह्).—(u, or ) māhu or māhṛ r. 1st cl. (māhati-te) To mete, to measure.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mah (मह्).—i. 1, and i. 10, [Parasmaipada.] To adore, to honour [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 72; [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 24. The original form was magh and the original signification ‘To be great, powerful.’

— Cf. magha, mahant, and [Gothic.] and A. S. magan; [Gothic.] magu, mavi, mahts; A. S. mact, meaht, miht; [Gothic.] mahteig; [Old High German.] magan, great, heavy; A. S. maegn, meagn, strength; [Gothic.] magus, a boy; A. S. mag, maeg, maegen, macian; [Gothic.] magaths; [Anglo-Saxon.] maegdh; [Old High German.] macôn; [Anglo-Saxon.] macian; (for (cf. [Old High German.] ga-mah; N.G. Gemach), [Latin] magnus, mactus.

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Māh (माह्).— (māḍ MĀḌ) i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] [Ātmanepada.] To mete, to measure.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mah (मह्).—1. mahate mahayati mahate mahayate [participle] mahita (q.v.) A. ([Middle]) gladden; delight, exalt, refresh, excite, impel; esteem highly, honour; [Middle] be glad, rejoice at ([instrumental] or [accusative]); grant, bestow.

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Mah (मह्).—2. ([feminine] mah & mahī) great, mighty, powerful, strong, abundant; old, aged. [feminine] mahī the earth (as the great one), ground, soil, land, country, kingdom; space; host; cow; [dual] heaven and earth; [plural] rivers, waters.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mah (मह्):—1. mah ([originally] magh; cf. also √maṃh) [class] 1. 10. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xvii, 81; xxxv, 15]) mahati, mahayati ([Vedic or Veda] and [Epic] also [Ātmanepada] mahate, hayate; p. mahat q.v.; [perfect tense] mamāha [grammar]; māmahe; [subjunctive] māmahanta, māmahas, [Ṛg-veda]; [Aorist] amahīt [grammar]; [future] mahitā, mahiṣyati, [ib.]; [indeclinable participle] mahitvā, [Mahābhārata]; [infinitive mood] mahe, and mahaye q.v.)

—to elate, gladden, exalt, arouse, excite, [Ṛg-veda; Brāhmaṇa; Kauśika-sūtra; Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata];

—to magnify, esteem highly, honour, revere, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

— ([Ātmanepada]) to rejoice, delight in ([instrumental case] or [accusative]), [Ṛg-veda iii, 52, 6; vi, 15, 2];

—to give, bestow, [ib. i, 94, 6; 117, 17; v, 27, 1 etc.]

2) cf. [Greek] μέγ-ας; [Latin] magnus, mactus; Old [German] michel; [English] mickle, much.

3) 2. mah mf(ī or = m.)n. great, strong, powerful mighty, abundant, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

4) (with pitṛ or mātṛ) old, aged, [Ṛg-veda i, 71, 5; v, 41, 15 etc.]

5) Māh (माह्):—[class] 1. [Ātmanepada] [Parasmaipada] māhati, te, to measure, mete, [Dhātupāṭha xxi, 29.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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