Sarpini, Sarpiṇī, Sarpinī: 7 definitions


Sarpini means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Sarpiṇī (सर्पिणी):—One of the sixty-four Divyauṣadhi, which are powerful drugs for solidifying mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sarpiṇī (सर्पिणी) refers to a “serpent”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.27 (“Description of the fraudulent words of the Brahmacārin”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin) said to Pārvatī: “[...] Leaving off the guardians of the quarters you run after Śiva. This is not well said. It is against the conventions of the world. Where you with eyes like the petals of a lotus? Where this three-eyed creature—Śiva? You are moon-faced while Śiva is five-faced. On your head the divine plaited hair shines with glossy splendour like a serpent [i.e., sarpiṇī]. But Śiva has only the matted hair to boast of? [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sarpinī (सर्पिनी).—The māya goddess created by the five commanders of Bhaṇḍa to counter attack śaktis: fought with Nakuli who vanquished her.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 23. 16, 67; 24. 3; 25. 8.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Sarpiṇī (सर्पिणी) is the Sanskrit name for an unidentified medicinal plant, possibly identified with some plant from the Arisaema species (e.g., Arisaema curvatum or Arisaema tortuosum), according to verse 5.125 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu.

Sarpiṇī is mentioned as having five synonyms: Bhujagī, Bhogī, Kuṇḍalī, Pannagī and Phaṇī.

Properties and characteristics: “Sarpiṇī is considered as an anti-dote to poisons and it improves rather enhances the shape of the female breasts”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sarpiṇī (सर्पिणी).—

1) A female serpent.

2) Name of a small medicinal herb.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sarpiṇī (सर्पिणी):—[from sarpin > sarpa] f. a female serpent, [Kāśī khaṇḍa, from the skanda-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] a kind of shrub (= bhnjagī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] [wrong reading] for sarpa-vāṇī, a serpent’s voice, [Pañcatantra]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sarpiṇi (ಸರ್ಪಿಣಿ):—[noun] a female snake or serpent.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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