Tandra, Tandrā, Tamdra: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Tandra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Tandrā (तन्द्रा).—A Kalā of Rudra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 35. 96.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Tandrā (तन्द्रा) refers to “drowsiness” according to the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 23). Accordingly, “In drowsiness (tandra), there is absence of perception of the objective world, appearance of heaviness of the body, yawning, fatigue, and the other characteristics of sleep”.

Source: archive.org: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy

Tandra (तन्द्र, “sleep”).—In drowsiness (tandra), there is absence of perception of the objective world, appearance of heaviness of the body, yawning, fatigue, and the other characteristics of sleep.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Tandrā (तन्द्रा):—Drowsiness; Torpor: lassitude ; characterized by a lack of vitality or energy

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tandrā (तंद्रा).—f S Lassitude. 2 Sleepiness or drowsiness.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tandrā (तंद्रा).—f Lassitude. Drowsiness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tandra (तन्द्र).—a.

1) Tired, fatigued.

2) Lazy.

-ndram Ved. A series or row; Vāj.15.5.

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Tandrā (तन्द्रा).—

1) Lassitude, weariness, fatigue, exhaustion.

2) Sleepiness, sluggishness; तन्द्रालस्यविवर्जनम् (tandrālasyavivarjanam) Y.3.158; Mv.7.42; H.1.33; Bhāgavata 12.3.3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tandrā (तन्द्रा).—f.

(-ndrā) 1. Lassitude, exhaustion, weariness, syncope. 2. Sleepiness, sluggishness. E. tadi a Sautra root, to be weary, affix bhāve a; also with kin affix tandri f.

(-ndriḥ) and with ṅīp added tandrī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tandrā (तन्द्रा).—i. e. tand + ra, f. 1. Lassitude, [Suśruta] 1, 13, 8. 2. Want of energy, Mahābhārata 14, 874; [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 29.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tandra (तन्द्र).—[neuter] series, line.

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Tandrā (तन्द्रा).—[feminine] weariness, laziness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tandra (तन्द्र):—[from tan] n. a row ([Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa viii, 5, 2, 6]), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xv, 5.]

2) Tandrā (तन्द्रा):—[from tand] f. lassitude, exhaustion, laziness, [Yājñavalkya iii, 158; Mahābhārata iii, 3008; xiv, 874; Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tandrā (तन्द्रा):—(ndrā) 1. f. Lassitude; sleepiness.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tandra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Tandra in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) drowse, drowsiness; somnolence, dormancy; ~[lu] drowsy..—tandra (तंद्रा) is alternatively transliterated as Taṃdrā.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Taṃdra (ತಂದ್ರ):—[adjective] worn-out; tired; exhausted; weary.

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Taṃdra (ತಂದ್ರ):—[noun] the tendency of disinclination to work, physical exertion; aversion to work; laziness; indolence.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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