Kan, Kañ, Kaṇ, Kaṉ, Kāṉ: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Kan means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Kañ (कञ्).—Kṛt, affix (अ) affixed to the root दृश् (dṛś) preceded by त्यद्, तद् (tyad, tad) etc. by P. IV.2.60 e.g. तादृशः, यादृशः (tādṛśaḥ, yādṛśaḥ) etc., fem. तादृशी (tādṛśī) by P.IV.1.15.

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1) Kan (कन्).—Uṇādi affix as in the words एक, भेक, शल्क (eka, bheka, śalka) etc;

2) Kan.—Tad.affix क (ka) as given by Pāṇini sūtras IV.2.13l, IV.3.32, 65, 147, IV.4.21; V.1.22, 23, 51, 90, V.2.64, 65, 66, 68-75, 77-82, V.3.51, 52, 75,81,82,87, 95, 96, 97. V.4.3,4,6, 29-33.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kan (कन्).—Dakṣa. (See under DAKṢA).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kan.—(EI 12), to glitter. Note: kan is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Shodhganga: Vernacular architecture of Assam with special reference to Brahmaputra Valley

Kan is an Assamese term referring to “fish-mouth cut of bamboo post”.—It appears in the study dealing with the vernacular architecture (local building construction) of Assam whose rich tradition is backed by the numerous communities and traditional cultures.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kan in the Himachal language is the name of a plant identified with Olea europaea subsp. cuspidata (Wall. & G.Don) Cif. from the Oleaceae (Jasmine) family having the following synonyms: Olea cuspidata, Olea monticola, Olea asiatica. For the possible medicinal usage of kan, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kan in India is the name of a plant defined with Olea europaea in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices.

2) Kan is also identified with Nymphaea lotus.

3) Kan in Ivory Coast is also identified with Afzelia africana It has the synonym Intsia africana (Sm. ex Pers.) Kuntze (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· A General History of the Dichlamydeous Plants (1837)
· Synopseos Plantarum (1805)
· Flora van Nederlandsch Indië (1855)
· L’Olivicoltore (1942)
· Taxon (1980)
· Manding Art and Civilisation. (1972)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kan, for example pregnancy safety, health benefits, side effects, diet and recipes, extract dosage, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaṇ (कण्).—I. 1 P. (kaṇati, kaṇita)

1) To sound or cry (as in distress); moan. कविता श्वः, रणिता श्वः (kavitā śvaḥ, raṇitā śvaḥ) Mahābhārata on P.

2) To become small.

3) To go or approach. -II. 1 P. or -Caus.

1) To wink, to close the eye with the lids or lashes.

2) To sigh, sound.

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Kan (कन्).—1 P. Ved. (kanati, kantum)

1) To be satisfied or contented; भूयसा वस्तमचरत् कनीयो (bhūyasā vastamacarat kanīyo) Ṛgveda 4.24.9.

2) To love, wish.

3) To shine.

4) To go.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṇ (कण्).—[(ma)] r. 1st cl. (kaṇati) 1. To sound. 2. To cry as in distress. (ṛ) kaṇa r. 1st cl. (kaṇati) To go or approach. r. 10th cl. (kaṇayati) To wink, to cover or close the eye with the lids or lashes.

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Kan (कन्).—[(ī ñi)ñikanī] r. 1st cl. (kanati) 1. To shine. 2. To desire or love. 3. To go or approach.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṇ (कण्).—i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] 1. To sound. 2. To cry as in distress. 3. To go. i. 10, [Parasmaipada.] To wink, to cover the eye with the lids.

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Kan (कन्).—i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] (perhaps proceeded from kam, q. cf., by kam + nā, ii. 9, cf. raṇ). 1. To love, to be satisfied, etc. (ved.). 2. † To shine. 3. † To go.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kan (कन्).—(only [participle] kāyamāna, aor. akāniṣam, & [perfect] or intens-stem cākan or cakān) be glad, be satisfied with, enjoy ([accusative], [locative], [genetive], or [instrumental]); be liked, please, ([with] [genetive]); love, wish, desire ([accusative]).

ā be pleased with ([locative]); strive after, long for. — Cf. saṃcakāna.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaṇ (कण्):—[class] 1. [Parasmaipada] kaṇati, cakāṇa, kaṇiṣyati, akaṇīt, or akāṇīt, kaṇitā, to become small;

—to sound, cry, [Dhātupāṭha xiii, 6];

—to go, approach, [Dhātupāṭha xix, 32] : [class] 10. [Parasmaipada] kāṇayati, to wink, close the eye with the lids or lashes, [Dhātupāṭha xxx, 41] :

—[Causal] kāṇayati ([Aorist] acīkaṇat and acakāṇat, [Patañjali on Pāṇini 7-4, 3]), to sigh, sound;—(cf.can and √kvan.)

2) Kan (कन्):—( in Veda) [class] 1. [Parasmaipada] kanati, cakāna, cake, akānīt, kanitā, etc., [Dhātupāṭha xiii, 17];

2) — ([Aorist] 1. sg. akāniṣam, 2. sg. kāniṣas, [Ṛg-veda]), to be satisfied or pleased, [Ṛg-veda iv, 24, 9];

2) —to agree to, accept with satisfaction, [Ṛg-veda iii, 28, 5];

2) —to shine;

2) —to go, [Dhātupāṭha] :—[Intensive] [Parasmaipada] ([subjunctive] cākanat; [Potential] cākanyāt; [perfect tense] 1. sg. cākana);

2) — [Ātmanepada] ([subjunctive] 3. [plural] cākananta and cakananta, [Ṛg-veda i, 169, 4]), to be satisfied with, like, enjoy (with [locative case] [genitive case], or [instrumental case]), [Ṛg-veda];

2) —to please, be liked or wished for (with [genitive case] of the person), [Ṛg-veda i, 169, 4; v, 31, 13; viii, 31, 1];

2) —to strive after, seek, desire, wish (with [accusative] or [dative case]), [Ṛg-veda];—

3) cf. , kai, kam, kvan, and can: cf. also [Zend] -kan; [Greek] καναψή; [Anglo-Saxon] hana; [Latin] canus, caneo, candeo, candela (?); [Hibernian or Irish] canu, ‘full moon.’

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaṇ (कण्):—(ma) kaṇati 1. a. To sound, to cry.

2) (ṛ) kaṇati 1. a. To go.

3) Kan (कन्):—(ī ñi) kanati 1. a. To shine; to desire; to go or approach.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kaṇ (कण्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kan in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Kan in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) a particle; an iota, very small quantity; granule, grain; —[kana mem] in each and every particle, everywhere..—kan (कण) is alternatively transliterated as Kaṇa.

2) Kan in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) see [kana]; an allomorph of [kana] used as the first member of compound words; ~[kata] ear-cropt, earless; ~[kauva] a big kite; ~[khajura] a centipede; ~[topa] a cap which covers the ears; hood; ~[pati] temple; ~[peda] glandular swelling at the root of the ear; ~[batiyam] whispering into the ears, whispering talk; ~[mailiya] one whose profession is to remove wax from the ears..—kan (कन) is alternatively transliterated as Kana.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kaṇ (ಕಣ್):—

1) [noun] the organ of vision; the eye.

2) [noun] a look; glance; gaze.

3) [noun] a thing like an eye in appearance or function as a) a bud of a tuber, as a potato; b) the spot on a peacock’s tail feather; c) the threading hole in a needle; d) a hole in a tool for fixing a handle; e) a mark spot on the surface of a die; f) the hole or space left open in a net; g) a hole; a cavity; an eyelet.

4) [noun] (fig.) the important, attractive and vital part of anything.

5) [noun] the excellent, superior thing in the class or group.

6) [noun] (fig.) compassionate feeling or treatment; kindness; mercy.

7) [noun] the central portion of any percussion instrument, where it is played with fingers; the black dough pasted on there;8) [noun] ಕಣ್ಗೆವರ್ [kangevar] kaṇgevar to be seen; 2. to be attractive; to be eye-catching; ಕಣ್ಣನೀರ್ [kannanir] kaṇṇa nīr = ಕಣ್ಣೀರು - [kanniru -] 1; ಕಣ್ಣಪಾಪೆ [kannapape] kaṇṇa pāpe the pupil of the eye.

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Kāṇ (ಕಾಣ್):—[verb] = ಕಾಣು [kanu].

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Kān (ಕಾನ್):—

1) [noun] a thick forest by the side of a mountain.

2) [noun] the state of being crowded with, filled with or densed with.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Kaṇ (கண்) < காண்-. [kan-.] [Telugu: kannu, Kanarese, Malayalam: Travancore usage kaṇ.] noun

1. Eye; விழி. [vizhi.] (தொல். எழுத். [thol. ezhuth.] 7.)

2. Kindness, benignity, graciousness, as expressed by the eye; கண்ணோட்டம். கண்ணின்று பெயர்ப்பினும் [kannottam. kanninru peyarppinum] (தொல். பொ. [thol. po.] 150).

3. Star of a peacock’s tail; பீலிக்கண். ஆயிரங்கணுடையாய்க்கு [pilikkan. ayiranganudaiyaykku] (கம்பராமாயணம் பம்பை. [kambaramayanam pambai.] 27).

4. Hollow marks on a coconut or palmyra-shell; தேங்காய் பனங்காய்களின் கண். [thengay panangaykalin kan.]

5. Nipple, teat; மூலைக்கண். [mulaikkan.]

6. Aperture, orifice; துவாரம். கால்வாய்த் தலையின்கண்கள் [thuvaram. kalvayth thalaiyinkankal] (மகாபாரதம் முதற். [magaparatham muthar.] 72).

7. Core of a boil; புண்ணின்கண். [punninkan.]

8. Joint in bamboo or sugar-cane; connection between a bough or flower and its stem; மரக்கணு. மரக்கண்ணோ மண்ணாள்வார் கண் [marakkanu. marakkanno mannalvar kan] (முத்தொள்ளாயிரம் பெருந்தொகை [muthollayiram peruntho.] 634).

9. Centre of a drum-head where it is rapped; முரசு முதலியவற்றில் அடிக்கு மிடம். கண்மகிழ்ந்து துடிவிம்ம [murasu muthaliyavarril adikku midam. kanmagizhnthu thudivimma] (புறப்பொருள்வெண்பாமாலை [purapporulvenpamalai] 2, 8, கொளு [kolu]).

10. Bamboo; மூங்கில். (திவா.) [mungil. (thiva.)]

11. Greatness; பெருமை. (திவா.) [perumai. (thiva.)]

12. Knowledge, wisdom; ஞானம். கள்ளொற்றிக் கண்சாய்பவர் [gnanam. kallorrig kansaypavar] (திருக்குறள் [thirukkural], 927).

13. That which reveals; உணர்த்துவது. சொன்னசிவன் கண்ணா [unarthuvathu. sonnasivan kanna] (சிவஞான போதம் [sivagnana potham] 5, 2, 1).

14. Seed, as cause; பீசம். நாதமாஞ் சத்தியதன் கண்ணாம் [pisam. nathamagn sathiyathan kannam] (சிவஞான போதம் [sivagnana potham] 9, 3, 3).

15. Longitudinal threads used for the warp of a mat; பாயின் நெட்டிழையாகிய நூல். [payin nettizhaiyagiya nul.] (G. T n. D. i, 220.)

16. Place, site; இடம். ஈர்ங்கண்மா ஞாலம் [idam. irnganma gnalam] (திருக்குறள் [thirukkural], 1058).

17. Front; முன்பு. கண்ணின் றிரப்பவர் [munpu. kannin rirappavar] (திருக்குறள் [thirukkural], 1055).

18. Protection, support; பற்றுக்கோடு. கண்ணன் கண்ணல்ல தில்லையோர் கண்ணே [parrukkodu. kannan kannalla thillaiyor kanne] (நாலாயிர திவ்யப்பிரபந்தம் திருவாய்மொழி [nalayira thivyappirapandam thiruvaymozhi] 2, 2, 7).

19. Body; உடம்பு. பொன்கட்பச்சை [udambu. ponkadpachai] (பரிபாடல் [paripadal] 3, 82). — particle

1. (Grammar) Ending of the locative; ஏழனுருபு. [ezhanurupu.] (நன். [nan.] 302.)

2. Expletive; ஓர் அசை. மீன்கணற்று [or asai. minkanarru] (புறநானூறு [purananuru] 109, 10).

3. Intensive prepositional prefix; உபசர்க்கம். களிற்றினுங் கண் ணஞ்சா வேற்றை [upasarkkam. kalirrinung kan nancha verrai] (கலித்தொகை [kalithogai] 101, 35).

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Kaṉ (கன்) noun perhaps from கன்மம். [kanmam.]

1. Workmanship; வேலைப்பாடு. கன்னார் மதில்சூழ் குடந்தை [velaippadu. kannar mathilsuzh kudanthai] (நாலாயிர திவ்யப்பிரபந்தம் திருவாய்மொழி [nalayira thivyappirapandam thiruvaymozhi] 5, 8, 3).

2. Copper work; கன்னார் தொழில். [kannar thozhil.] (W.)

3. Copper; செம்பு. [sembu.] (ஈடு-முப்பத்தாறுயிரப்படி [idu-muppatharuyirappadi], 5, 8, 3.)

4. See கன்னத்தட்டு. [kannathattu.] (நன். [nan.] 217, விருத். [viruth.])

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Kaṉ (கன்) noun < கல். [kal.]

1. Stone; கல். (சூடாமணிநிகண்டு) [kal. (sudamaninigandu)]

2. Firmness; உறுதிப்பாடு. [uruthippadu.] (ஈடு-முப்பத்தாறுயிரப்படி [idu-muppatharuyirappadi], 5, 8, 3.)

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Kāṇ (காண்) [(ணு)-தல் [(nu)-thal]] 13 verb [Telugu: kānu, Kanarese, Malayalam: kāṇ.] transitive

1. To see, perceive, view, descry; பார்த்தல். காணிற் குடிப்பழமொழிியாம் [parthal. kanir kudippazhiyam] (நாலடியார் [naladiyar], 84).

2. To gain sight of, as a deity, a great person, the new moon; தரிசித்தல். திருக்கண்டேன் பொன்மேனி கண்டேன் [tharisithal. thirukkanden ponmeni kanden] (நாலாயிர திவ்யப்பிரபந்தம் இயற். [nalayira thivyappirapandam iyar.] 3, 1).

3. To discover, find out; கண்டறிதல். காணாதாற் காட்டுவான் தான்காணான் [kandarithal. kanathar kattuvan thankanan] (திருக்குறள் [thirukkural], 849).

4. To make, create; உண்டாக்குதல். முனைவன் கண்டது [undakkuthal. munaivan kandathu] (தொல். பொ. [thol. po.] 649).

5. To perceive by the senses; பொறியாலறிதல். அவன் பேச் சைக் கண்டு [poriyalarithal. avan pes saig kandu] (திருவாலவாயுடையார் திருவிளையாடற் [thiruvalavayudaiyar thiruvilaiyadar] 16, 28).

6. To consider, investigate; ஆராய்தல். அறம்பொருள் கண்டார்க ணில் [araythal. aramborul kandarka nil] (திருக்குறள் [thirukkural], 141).

7. To experience; அனுபவத்தில் அறிதல். [anupavathil arithal.]

8. To regard; மதித்தல். தானெனக் கண் டும் [mathithal. thanenag kan dum] (கல்லாடம் [kalladam] 51, 7).

9. To worship, venerate, reverence; வணங்குதல். (பிங்கலகண்டு) [vananguthal. (pingalagandu)]

10. To put to flight, drive away, as seeing the back of enemies; புறங்காணுதல். நிலவுக் காண்பதுபோல [puranganuthal. nilavug kanpathupola] (கலித்தொகை [kalithogai] 119, 4).

11. To attain, obtain, get; பெறு தல். முற்று மிடங்கண்டபின் [peru thal. murru midangandapin] (திருக்குறள் [thirukkural], 491).

12. To tell, say; சொல்லுதல். யாவருங் கண்ட நெறி [solluthal. yavarung kanda neri] (ஆசாரக்கோவை [asarakkovai] 17).

13. To look like, resemble; ஒத்திருத்தல். மழைகாணு மணிநிறத்தோய் [othiruthal. mazhaiganu maninirathoy] (கம்பராமாயணம் குகப். [kambaramayanam kugap.] 26).

14. To befit; பத்துப்பாட்டு: பொருநராற்றுப்படை்துதல். மற்காணுந் திரடிண்டோள் [porunthuthal. markanun thiradindol] (கம்பராமாயணம் குகப். [kambaramayanam kugap.] 26). — intransitive

1. To accrue, result; பலித்தல். இவ்வருஷம் சாகுபடி எவ்வளவு காணும் [palithal. ivvarusham sagupadi evvalavu kanum]?

2. To appear, to be found, to become visible, evident; கண்ணுக்குத் தெரிதல். காண்கின்ற நில மெல்லாம் யானேயென்னும் [kannukkuth therithal. kankinra nilagesi mellam yaneyennum] (நாலாயிர திவ்யப்பிரபந்தம் திருவாய்மொழி [nalayira thivyappirapandam thiruvaymozhi] 5, 6, 3).

3. To be sufficient; போதியதாதல். இப்பொருள் எத் தனைநாளைக்குக் காணும். [pothiyathathal. ipporul eth thanainalaikkug kanum.]

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Kāṇ (காண்) < காண்-. [kan-.] noun

1. Sight; காட்சி. காண்பிறந் தமைந்த காதல் [kadsi. kanpiran thamaintha kathal] (கம்பராமாயணம் திருவடிதொழு. [kambaramayanam thiruvadithozhu.] 70).

2. Beauty; அழகு. காண்டக . . . முகனமர்ந்து [azhagu. kandaga . . . muganamarnthu] (பத்துப்பாட்டு [pathuppattu] 250). — interjection Expletive of the 2nd person meaning behold; முன்னிலையில்வரும் ஓர் உரை யசை. துவ்வாய்காண் [munnilaiyilvarum or urai yasai. thuvvaykan] (திருக்குறள் [thirukkural], 1294).

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Kāṉ (கான்) particle A particle used to facilitate the pronunciation of letters in Tamil, as in அஃகான்; எழுத்துச் சாரியைகளில் ஒன்று. [aqkan; ezhuthus sariyaigalil onru.] (தொல். எழுத். [thol. ezhuth.] 134.)

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Kāṉ (கான்) noun probably from கால்¹. [kal¹.] (J.)

1. Gutter; சலதாரை. [salatharai.]

2. Channel; வாய்க்கால். [vaykkal.]

3. Cabin in a ship, hold; மரக்கலத்தின் அறை. [marakkalathin arai.]

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Kāṉ (கான்) noun

1. cf. kānana. Jungle; காடு. (திவா.) [kadu. (thiva.)]

2. Smell, odour; வாசனை. கான் பொழில் [vasanai. kan pozhil] (பத்துப்பாட்டு: மதுரைக்காஞ்சி [pathuppattu: mathuraikkanchi] 337).

3. Flower, blossom; பூ. கான்முகம் புதைத்த தெண்ணீர் [pu. kanmugam puthaitha thennir] (சீவகசிந்தாமணி [sivagasindamani] 2415).

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Kaṇ (கண்) noun Grace; அருள். (அகராதி நிகண்டு) [arul. (agarathi nigandu)]

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Kāṉ (கான்) noun < gāna. Music; இசை. கான்பாடல் தங்குமறையோசை [isai. kanpadal thangumaraiyosai] (சொக்க. திருவிசைப்பா [sokka. thiruvisaippa], 9).

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Kāṉ (கான்) noun < Pkt. kān. < karṇa. (தக்கயாகப்பரணி [thakkayagapparani] 448, உரை. [urai.])

1. Ear; செவி. [sevi.]

2. Fame; கீர்த்தி. [kirthi.]

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

Discover the meaning of kan in the context of Tamil from relevant books on Exotic India

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