Murcha, Mūrchā: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Murcha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Murchha.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Mūrchā (मूर्छा) refers to “loss of consciousness” according to the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 21). Accordingly, “Those who are weak in constitution, have a low vitality, have an excess of the three doshas in their systems, and are in the habit of taking food, incongenial by combination are susceptible to this disease. Fits of unconsciousness [i.e., mūrchā] are preceded by nervous irritation due to suppression of calls of nature and physical shocks, which make the three doshas enter into the seats of sense-organs, internal as well as external. Obstruction of the sense-carrying passages by the three doshas mean total extinction of all sensations, agreeable or disagreeable, which makes the patient appear like an inanimate object”.

Murcha is of seven different kinds, being due to (a) vayu, (b) pitta, (c) kapha, (d) a combination of these three, (e) smell or sight of blood, (f) drinking of alcohol, and (g) poison. In all these seven, there is a pre-dominance of pitta. An attack of any of these diseases is generally preceded by pain in the heart, yawning, uneasiness, and morbidness of consciousness. They are to be known according to their respective indications [...].

Source: archive.org: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy

Mūrchā (मूर्छा) refers to “loss of consciousness”.— Those who are weak in constitution, have a low vitality, have an excess of the three doṣas in their systems, and are in the habit of taking food, incongenial by combination are susceptible to Murcha.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Mūrchā (मूर्छा) refers to “syncope” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning mūrchā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Mūrchā (मूर्छा) refers to “stupor”, as mentioned in verse 5.15-16 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] normal, fat, and lean (respectively get) those who drink water during, after, and before meals. Cold water removes alcoholism, lassitude, stupor [viz., mūrchā], nausea, fatigue, giddiness, thirst, heat through hot (factors), hemorrhage, and poison”.

Source: archive.org: Science And Technology In Medievel India (Ayurveda)

Mūrchā (मूर्छा) refers to “fainting” and is one of the various diseases dealt with in the Dhanvantarīyapathyāpathya, as is mentioned in A. Rahman’s Science and Technology in Medievel India: A bibliography of source materials in Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian.—Ancient and medieval India produced a wide range of scientific manuscripts and major contributions lie in the field of medicine, astronomy and mathematics, besides covering encyclopedic glossaries and technical dictionaries.—The Dhanvantarīyapathyāpathya deals with the treatment of various diseases [e.g., Mūrchā]. The word pathyāpathya classifies those elements as either beneficial or hurtful in disease.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaiva philosophy

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Mūrchā (मूर्छा) refers to “(a state of) stupor”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.129-130.—Accordingly, “Even [if] an external object [is] inferred [, it] can be talked about only insofar as it is being manifest, for if [it] were distinct from the manifesting consciousness (prakāśa), since as a result it would not be manifest, [the awareness of] the very fact that the entity is inferred would amount to a state of stupor (mūrchā-prāya)!”.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Mūrchā (मूर्छा) refers to “(becoming) unconscious”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.8 (“The battle between the gods and Asuras”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Skilled adepts in warfare they hit and smashed one another with tridents, double-edged swords, nooses, axes and sharp-edged spikes. Immediately after being hit hard with a trident by Vīrabhadra, Tāraka fell unconscious (mūrchā-paripluta) on the ground. Regaining consciousness quickly Tāraka the excellent Asura got up and forcefully hit Vīrabhadra with his spear. [...]”

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mūrchā (मूर्छा).—i.e. mūrch + a, f. Fainting, loss of consciousness, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 58, 7; [Pañcatantra] 35, 10 (instr. by fainting, i. e. fainted).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mūrchā (मूर्छा).—[feminine] thickening, coagulation; swoon, faint, stupefaction, astonishment; melody.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mūrchā (मूर्छा):—[from mūrch] f. fainting, a swoon, stupor, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] mental stupefaction, infatuation, delusion, hallucination, [Kāvya literature; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

3) [v.s. ...] congealment, solidification (of quicksilver), [Kāvya literature]

4) [v.s. ...] modulation, melody (= mūrchanā), [Śiśupāla-vadha [Scholiast or Commentator]]

[Sanskrit to German]

Murcha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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