Bhrama, Bhrāma: 11 definitions

Introduction

Bhrama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: archive.org: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy

Bhrama (भ्रम).—In vertigo (bhrama), the whole body, and especially the head, appear to reel. Every thing, outside the patient, also appears to whirl round him. At the time he feels this sensation, he is unable to stand steadily on his legs.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)

Bhrama (भ्रम) refers to “giddiness” (dizziness: a reeling sensation; a feeling that you are about to fall). Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Bhrama (भ्रम) refers to “giddiness” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning bhrama] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhrama (भ्रम).—m (S) Whirling or going round, circular motion. 2 Roaming, straying, wandering. 3 A whirl; a gyration or circumvolution. 4 Mistake, misapprehension, error, erroneous conception or judgment. 5 Wandering of mind; aberration; incoherence or wildness of thought. 6 Stray- ing figuratively; deviation from rectitude. 7 Slight belief or persuasion; suspicion or surmise; thought regarding as probable. Ex. hyāpāśīṃ lākha rupayē asāvē asā gāṃvāsa bhrama hōtā; jyācā āmhī bhrama dharalā hōtā tōca śēvaṭīṃ cōra ṭharalā. 8 Doubtfulness or doubt. Ex. hā brāhmaṇa kiṃvā śūdra hyāviṣayīṃ āmhālā bhrama āhē.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhrama (भ्रम).—m Doubt. Roaming; whirling. Error. Wandering of mind.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhrama (भ्रम).—[bhram-ghañ]

1) Moving or roaming about, roving.

2) Turning round, whirling, revolving.

3) Circular motion, rotation.

4) Straying, deviating.

5) An error, a mistake, misapprehension, delusion; शुक्तौ रजतमिति ज्ञानं भ्रमः (śuktau rajatamiti jñānaṃ bhramaḥ); भ्रमं संमोहमावर्तमभ्यासाद्विनिवर्तयेत् (bhramaṃ saṃmohamāvartamabhyāsādvinivartayet) Mb.12.274.7; भ्रमो द्विविधः विपर्यासः संशयश्च (bhramo dvividhaḥ viparyāsaḥ saṃśayaśca) T. S.

6) Confusion, perplexity, embarrassment.

7) An eddy, a whirlpool.

8) A potter's wheel.

9) A grind-stone.

1) A lathe.

11) Giddiness.

12) A fountain, watercourse; भ्रमागतैरम्बु- भिरम्बुराशिः (bhramāgatairambu- bhiramburāśiḥ) Śi.3.38.

13) An umbrella.

14) A circle.

Derivable forms: bhramaḥ (भ्रमः).

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Bhrāma (भ्राम).—[bhram-aṇ]

1) Roaming about.

2) Delusion, error, mistake.

Derivable forms: bhrāmaḥ (भ्रामः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bhrama (भ्रम).—(m.? Sanskrit Lex. spring), water-course, conduit, in udaka-bhrama, q.v.; and in Divyāvadāna 538.10, where text Kubjottarānukrameṇa niṣpalāyitā; mss. are cited as reading -bhrameṇa, which must certainly be kept; it is not clear whether the syllable -nu- is in the mss. or not; if it is, we should have to assume an otherwise unknown stem anubhrama; if not, since Kubjottarā is fem., bhra- meṇa gives excellent sense. See Lévi, Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) p. 269.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhrama (भ्रम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Whirling, going, round. 2. Straying, roaming. 3. Error, ignorance, mistake, misapprehension. 4. A whirlpool, an eddy 5. A drain, a water-course. 6. A lathe, a potter’s wheel, &c. E. bhram to go round, aff. ghañ .

--- OR ---

Bhrāma (भ्राम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Wandering, roving. 2. Error. E. bhram to turn round, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhrama (भ्रम):—[from bhram] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) wandering or roaming about, roving over or through ([compound]), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] moving about, rolling (as of the eyes), [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

3) [v.s. ...] turning round, revolving, rotation ([accusative] with √ = to swing), [Mahābhārata; Sūryasiddhānta; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

4) [v.s. ...] a whirling flame, [Ṛg-veda]

5) [v.s. ...] a whirlpool, eddy, [Prabodha-candrodaya]

6) [v.s. ...] a spring, fountain, watercourse, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a potter’s wheel, [Sāṃkhyakārikā]

8) [v.s. ...] ([varia lectio] mi), a grindstone (See [compound])

9) [v.s. ...] a gimlet or auger, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a circle, [Āryabhaṭa]

11) [v.s. ...] giddiness, dizziness, [Suśruta]

12) [v.s. ...] confusion, perplexity, error, mistake (ifc. mistaking anything for), [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature; Rājataraṅgiṇī] etc.

13) Bhrāma (भ्राम):—[from bhram] m. roaming about, unsteadiness, [Gīta-govinda]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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