Kanada, Kaṇāda, Kanāda, Kana-ada: 13 definitions

Introduction

Kanada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kaṇāda (कणाद).—A son of Somaśarman, an avatār of the Lord.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 216.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Kaṇāda (कणाद).—The propounder of Vaiśeṣika philosophy, which states that atoms are the original cause of the creation.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Vaisheshika (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories (vaisesika)

Kaṇāda (कणाद).—The founder of Vaiśeṣika is Kaṇāda. The name Kaṇāda has been variously interpreted. It is said that he had lived on grains of corn which are scattered in the field. It is also assumed that Kaṇāda is a nickname which he got because of his propagation of the theory of atoms. According to his name Kaṇāda, this system is also known as Kaṇāda Darśana.

Kaṇāda was born in a Kāśyapa family and he was the worshipper of Śiva. His another name was Ulūka. Therefore, this system is also known as Aulūkya Darśana or Kāśyapa Darśana. There is a confusion regarding the date of Kaṇāda. We do not find any direct information about the time when he flourished. According to Radhakrishnan, the date of the Vaiśeṣika system is about fifth century B.C. Mahadeo Rajaram Bodas maintains that the date of this system is about fifth or fourth century B.C. According to Nandalal Sinha, the date is between the sixth and the tenth century B.C.

Vaisheshika book cover
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Vaisheshika (वैशेषिक, vaiśeṣika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. Vaisheshika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similar to Buddhism in nature

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Kanada (कणाद) was a Hindu sage and philosopher who founded the philosophical school of Vaisheshika and authored the text Vaisheshika Sutra. He probably lived around the 2nd century BCE, while other sources claim he lived in the 6th Century BCE. It is believed that he was born in Prabhas Kshetra (near Dwaraka) in Gujarat, India.

His primary area of study was Rasavādam, considered to be a type of alchemy. He is said to have believed that all living beings are composed of five elements: water, fire, earth, air, ether. Vegetables have only water, insects have water and fire, birds have water, fire, earth and air, and Humans, the top of the creation, have ether—the sense of discrimination (time, space, mind) are one. He theorized that Gurutva (Hindi/Sanskrit for Gravity) was responsible for the falling of objects on the Earth. So, it can be said that he was the true inventor of formula of Gravity.[citation needed]

It was Kanada who originated the idea that anu (atom) was an indestructible particle of matter. An interesting story states that this theory occurred to him while he was walking with food in his hand. As he nibbled at the food in his hand, throwing away the small particles, it occurred to him that he could not divide the food into further parts and thus the idea of a matter which cannot be divided further came into existence. He called that indivisible matter anu, i.e. atom. He also stated that anu can have two states - Absolute rest and a State of motion.

Source: Digital Library of India: Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika

Kaṇāda is regarded as the founder of the Vaiśeṣika School. He is also said to be the author of the Vaiśeṣika-sūtras. But very little is known about the historicity of Kaṇāda. We know that his family name was Kāśyapa. Thus both Praśastapāda and Uddyotakara refer to him as Kāśyapa.

In the Jaina tradition, Kaṇāda is described as Ṣaḍ-ulūka, which is explained as “one who propounded the doctrine of six categories.” Accordingly, Mādhava in his Sarvadarśanasaṃgraha described the Vaiśeṣika system as Aulūkya philosophy.
 

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A teacher of philosophy, mentioned with Kapila, as teaching that the soul was limitless (na antava). UdA.339.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kānaḍā (कानडा).—a (kāna) That turns a deaf ear unto; i.e. that turns himself away from, or sets himself against. 2 (Commonly kānavaḍā) Lying on a side. v asa, nija, paḍa, ṭhēva.

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kānaḍā (कानडा).—a (karṇāṭa S) Relating to the Carnatic.

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kānaḍā (कानडा).—m A Rag or musical mode. See rāga.

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kānāḍa (कानाड).—n (kāna & śālā or sthaḷa) The hollow of the outer end of the face along the ear: also simply a side of the face. Used as kāṇṭhāḍa & kānaphaṭa.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaṇāda (कणाद).—

1) Name of a philosopher; see under कण (kaṇa).

2) A goldsmith.

Derivable forms: kaṇādaḥ (कणादः).

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Kaṇāda (कणाद).—m. a nickname given to the philosopher who propounded the Vaiśeṣika system of philosophy (which may be said to be a 'doctrine of atoms').

Derivable forms: kaṇādaḥ (कणादः).

Kaṇāda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kaṇa and ada (अद). See also (synonyms): kaṇabhakṣa, kaṇabhuj.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṇāda (कणाद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. The name of a Muni, also called Kasyapa: the author of the Vaisheshika philosophy. 2. A goldsmith. E. kaṇa a little, and ad to eat, referring to the abstemiousness of the saint; or ādā to take, alluding the proverbial dishonesty of the artificer.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṇāda (कणाद).—m. The name of a sage, the founder of the Vaiśeṣika or atomic school of philosophy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṇāda (कणाद).—[masculine] [Name] of the author of the Vaiśeṣika philosophy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Kaṇāda (कणाद) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Vaiśeṣikasūtra. See Kāṇāda.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaṇāda (कणाद):—[from kaṇa > kaṇ] a m. ‘atom-eater’, Name given to the author of the Vaiśeṣika branch of the Nyāya philosophy (as teaching that the world was formed by an aggregation of atoms; he is also called Kāśyapa, and considered as a Devarṣi; See also ulūka), [Prabodha-candrodaya; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a goldsmith (= kalāda), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) b See under kaṇa

4) Kāṇāda (काणाद):—[from kāṇabhuja] mf(ī)n. composed by or relating to Kaṇāda.

5) [v.s. ...] m. a follower of Kaṇāda, [Śaṃkarācārya]

6) Kānaḍā (कानडा):—f. a particular Rāgiṇī.

7) Kānada (कानद):—m. Name of a son of Dhīmaraṇa.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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