Jayasena: 11 definitions


Jayasena means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Jayasena in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Jayasena (जयसेन):—Son of Hīna (son of Sahadeva, who was the son of Haryabala). He had a son named Saṅkṛti. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.17)

2) Jayasena (जयसेन):—Son of Sārvabhauma (son of Vidūratha). He had a son named Rādhika. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.10)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Jayasena (जयसेन).—Father of the famous Caṇḍamahāsena. (See under Caṇḍamahāsena).

2) Jayasena (जयसेन).—A prince of Magadha. He was a member of the council of Yudhiṣṭhira. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva Chapter. 4, Stanza 26).

3) Jayasena (जयसेन).—A King of Avanti. To this King was born a son named Vindānuvinda and a daughter named Mitravindā by his chief wife Rājādhidevī. Mitravindā was married by Śrī Kṛṣṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Jayasena (जयसेन).—A son of Hina (Ahīna B), and father of Samkṛti.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 17-18.

1b) The son of Sārvabhauma and father of Rādhika.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 10.

1c) Married Rājadhidevī who became the mother of two sons, Āvantyas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 39.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Jayasena in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Jayasena (जयसेन) is the son of Mahendravarman, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 11. His son was Mahāsena who later became known as Caṇḍamahāsena, after he made an oferring with pieces of his own flesh to the goddess Durgā.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Jayasena, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Jayasena - Father of Siddhattha Buddha (J.i.40; BuA.187). The Buddhavamsa (xvii.13) calls him Udena.

2. Jayasena - Father of Phussa Buddha (Bu.xix.14; J.i.41). The Buddha preached to him and he became an arahant (BuA.193). He was king of Kasi and his wife was Sirima (PVA.19). See also Tirokuddapetavatthu.

3. Jayasena - King of Kapilavatthu. His son was Sihahanu and his daughter Yasodhara. His grandson was Suddhodana. Mhv.ii.15.ff; Dpv.iii.44; MT.134; but see Mtu.i.352, where he is called Hastikasirsa.

The Tibetan sources call him Dhanvadurga. (Rockhill, p.13.)

4. Jayasena

A prince who once visited the novice Aciravata at Veluvana in Rajagaha and asked him to teach the Doctrine. Reluctantly the novice did so, but at the end of the exposition Jayasena declared that he was unable to agree with it.

When this was reported to the Buddha he said that Jayasena, being given up to luxury, could not be expected to appreciate renunciation (M.iii.128).

A discussion which Jayasena had with his uncle Bhumiya Thera is recorded in the Bhumiya Sutta. In this case we are told that Jayasena was pleased with the discourse and entertained Bhumiya to his own dish of rice (M.iii.138).

Buddhaghosa (MA.ii.932) says that Jayasena was Bimbisaras own son (Bimbisarassa putto orasako).

5. Jayasena - A king who built for Sobhita Buddha at Sudassana a vihara one league in extent (Bu.vii.6; BuA.138). Jayasena was one of the chief lay supporters of Sobhita. Ibid., 140; but see Bu.vii.23.

6. Jayasena - One of the theras present at the foundation of the Maha Thupa. Dpv.xix.8; MT.527.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Jayasena (जयसेन) was a commentator and a translator of the Ḍākārṇava, which was probably composed in Nepal after the compilation of the Kālacakra in India.—Padmavajra and Jayasena, who were a commentator and a translator of the Ḍākārṇava, respectively. Padmavajra and Jayasena most likely flourished in the 12th century. Jayasena seems to have been a disciple of Padmavajra, because in the opening verses of his Ratnapadmarāganidhi, Jayasena bows to “a host of teachers starting with Saroruha”, who taught him how to visualize Ḍākārṇava (viz., a form of Heruka expounded in the Ḍākārṇava ) (“the sequence of clear realization, an instruction from the teacher, of Glorious Ḍākārṇava”).

Jayasena was a specialist in the Ḍākārṇava. He composed several manuals to visualize the Heruka maṇḍala (viz., the Ratnapadmarāganidhi), the bali or crop offering (D 1518), abhiṣeka or initiation (D 35 Cakrasaṃvaravikurvaṇa, P 4628, 125 v 8–126 r 4 1521), and homa or fire oblation (viz., the Sūryakānta, D 1522) based on the Ḍākārṇava. According to the Deb ther sngon po (“Blue Annals”), a Tibetan historiography compiled in the 15th century, Jayasena (dza ya se na, also called dam pa khang gsar ba) flourished in Nepal and Tibet.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jayasena (जयसेन).—[masculine] ā [feminine] a man’s & woman’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Jayasena (जयसेन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a medical author. Quoted by Rūpanayana on Yogaśata, Catal. Io. p. 984.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jayasena (जयसेन):—[=jaya-sena] [from jaya] m. (= jayat-s) Name of a Magadha king, [Mahābhārata ii, 121]

2) [v.s. ...] of a son (of Adīna or Ahīna, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 17, 17]; of Sārvabhauma, [22, 10; Viṣṇu-purāṇa iv, 20, 3]; of Mahendra-varman, [Kathāsaritsāgara xi, 33 ff.])

3) [v.s. ...] of the father of the Āvantyau, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 24, 38]

4) [v.s. ...] of a Buddhist

5) Jayasenā (जयसेना):—[=jaya-senā] [from jaya-sena > jaya] f. Name of a Surāṅganā, [Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃśikā or vikramāditya-caritra, jaina recension] Concl.

6) [v.s. ...] of a female door-keeper, [Mālavikāgnimitra]

7) [v.s. ...] of another woman, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan ii, 82.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Jayasena in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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