Vaijayanta, Vaijayamta: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Vaijayanta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त) refers to a variety of prāsāda (‘superstructure’, or, upper storey of any building), according to the Mayamata (5th-century guidebook on Dravidian architecture). It is part of the Ekatala (one-storey) group of prāsādas.

The Vaijayanta variety has the following specifications and decorative motif components:

Number of talas (levels): 1;
Shape of grīva (neck) and śikhara (head): Circular;

Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts (vastu)

Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त) [=Vaijayantaka] refers to one of the fifty-two varieties of Temples (prāsāda), as discussed in chapter 8 (Kriyāpāda) of the Padmasaṃhitā: the most widely followed of Saṃhitā covering the entire range of concerns of Pāñcarātra doctrine and practice (i.e., the four-fold formulation of subject matter—jñāna, yoga, kriyā and caryā) consisting of roughly 9000 verses.—Description of the chapter [prāsāda-bheda]:—This is ostensibly a highly technical chapter on varieties of vimāna-types. There are 52 varieties of vimānas mentioned [e.g., Vaijayantaka] based on differences of tāla-measurements and adhiṣṭhāna-basements; but the treatment upon examination gives only the most superficial of distinctions between one type and another.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (vastu)

Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त) refers to one of the hundred types of Temples (in ancient Indian architecture), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—It is quite difficult to say about a definite number of varieties of Hindu temples but in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa hundred varieties of temples have been enumerated. For example, Vaijayanta. These temples are classified according to the particular shape, amount of storeys and other common elements, such as the number of pavilions, doors and roofs. [...] The Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa relates that the temple named Vaijayantī should be constructed in the shape of a lotus.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vaijayanta in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त).—The capital city of an asura named Timidhvaja, otherwise called Śambara. (See under Timidhvaja).

2) Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त).—Name of the flag of Indra. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 42, Stanza 8).

3) Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त).—A mountain standing in the middle of the sea of Milk. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 35, Stanza 9, that Brahmā comes to this mountain daily for devotion and meditation.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pancaratra (Samhita list)

Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त) is the name of an ancient Pāñcarātra Saṃhitā mentioned in the Kapiñjalasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra work consisting of 1550 verses dealing with a variety of topics such as worship in a temple, choosing an Ācārya, architecture, town-planning and iconography.—For the list of works, see chapter 1, verses 14b-27. The list [including Vaijayanta-saṃhitā] was said to have comprised “108” titles, these, different saṃhitās named after different manifestations of the Lord or different teachers. They are all said to be authoritative as the ultimate promulgator of all these is the same Nārāyaṇa.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Vaijayanta in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

1) Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त).—One of the four gates located at the four cardinal points in the fortification wall (jagatī) around Jambūdvīpa. These walls have similarly-named deities presiding over them. Each gate is adorned with a dvāraprāsāda, various pavements, vāraṇakas, shining jewel lamps and pillars adorned with various śālabhañjikās, jeweled minarets and flags. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.

2) Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त) refers to a species of Anuttarasura gods, who are in turn a subclass of the Kalpātīta gods, according to Jain cosmological texts in both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara tradition. The Kalpātīta (those born beyond heavens) represent a sub-species of the Vaimānika gods, which in turn represents the fourth main classification of devas (gods).

The Anuttarasuras (e.g., the Vaijayantas) have true belief, are only on the 4th guṇasthāna and bind karman only possible on that stage.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त) refers to one of the sons of king Abhayaghoṣa from Vajrapura, according to chapter 5.4 [śāntinātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as Muni Sāgaracandra narrated to Candratilaka and Sūryatilaka:—“[...] The king (i.e., Abhayaghoṣa), told by the Master (i.e., Tīrthakṛt Ananta), ‘You must not be negligent’, went to his house and spoke to his sons respectively: ‘Son Vijaya, take the kingdom you have inherited. Vaijayanta, do you act as his yuvarāj. I shall become a mendicant. I shall go to the Jina, that I may not come again into this abyss of existence’. They said: ‘Father, just as you are terrified of existence, so are we terrified of existence. Surely we are your sons. We also shall become mendicants. For these are two results of mendicancy: service to you in this world and attainment of emancipation in the next’.”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त) is one of the five anuttaras: a subclasses of kalpātītas (born beyond heaven), itself a division of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. The living beings residing in the vimānas are called the empyrean gods (vaimānika) and represents one of the four classes of Devas.

What is the minimum and maximum life span in Vaijayanta (and Vijaya, Jayanta, Aparājita) Anuttara heavenly abodes? The minimum life span is a little more than thirty two ocean-measured-periods (sāgara) and maximum is thirty three ocean-measured-periods.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vaijayanta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त).—

1) The palace of Indra.

2) The banner of Indra.

3) A banner or flag in general; सवैजयन्तास्तु गजा गजारोहैः प्रचोदिताः (savaijayantāstu gajā gajārohaiḥ pracoditāḥ) Rām.2.89.19.

4) A house.

5) Name of Indra.

Derivable forms: vaijayantaḥ (वैजयन्तः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त).—m. (1) (= Sanskrit Lex. id., Pali Ve°), name of Indra's palace: °taḥ prāsādaḥ Mahāvyutpatti 5498; Divyāvadāna 395.11; °taṃ prāsādaṃ (acc.) Avadāna-śataka i.90.3; sumerumūrdhne yatha °nto Mahāvastu ii.346.20 (verse); others, Lalitavistara 212.1; 213.18; (2) name of one of the udyāna of the Trāyastriṃśa gods: Mahāvastu i.32.4; (3) name of a yakṣa: Mahā-Māyūrī 39.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त).—m.

(-ntaḥ) 1. The place of Indra. 2. The banner or emblem of Indra. f. (-ntī) 1. A flag, a banner, an ensign. 2. A small tree, (Sesbana Ægyptiaca.) 3. Another tree, (Premna spinosa, &c.) 4. A kind of garland. 5. A necklace. 6. The necklace of Vishnu. E. vi before ji to conquer, jhañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त).—i. e. vijayanta + a, I. m. 1. The banner of Indra, [Indralokāgamana] 1, 8. 2. A banner in general, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 97, 25 Gorr. 3. The palace of Indra. Ii. f. . 1. A flag, a banner, [Hitopadeśa] 63, 1, M.M. 2. A kind of garland. 3. The name of two trees.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त).—[masculine] Indra's banner, also = [feminine] ī banner, flag i.[grammar]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त):—m. ([from] vi-jayat, or yanta) the banner of Indra, [Mahābhārata]

2) a banner, flag, [Rāmāyaṇa]

3) the palace of Indra, [Buddhist literature]

4) a house, [Apte’s The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) Name of Skanda, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) of a mountain, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

7) [plural] (with Jainas) Name of a class of deities, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) n. Name of a gate in Ayodhyā, [Rāmāyaṇa]

9) of a town (= vana-vāsī), [Rāmāyaṇa; Inscriptions]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त):—(ntaḥ) 1. m. The palace of Indra, his banner. f. ntī A flag; a garland; name of two trees.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vejayaṃta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vaijayanta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vaijayanta in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vaijayaṃta (ವೈಜಯಂತ):—

1) [noun] a banner; a flag.

2) [noun] name of Indra's banner.

3) [noun] a house; a residence.

4) [noun] the residence of Indra.

5) [noun] (jain.) a class of gods.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vaijayanta in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त):—n. 1. the palace of Indra; 2. the banner of Indra;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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