Vaijayanta: 10 definitions

Introduction

Vaijayanta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त) refers to a variety of prāsāda (‘superstructure’, or, upper storey of any building), according to the Mayamata (5th-century guidebook on Dravidian architecture). It is part of the Ekatala (one-storey) group of prāsādas.

The Vaijayanta variety has the following specifications and decorative motif components:

Number of talas (levels): 1;
Shape of grīva (neck) and śikhara (head): Circular;

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaijayanta in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त).—The capital city of an asura named Timidhvaja, otherwise called Śambara. (See under Timidhvaja).

2) Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त).—Name of the flag of Indra. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 42, Stanza 8).

3) Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त).—A mountain standing in the middle of the sea of Milk. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 35, Stanza 9, that Brahmā comes to this mountain daily for devotion and meditation.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaijayanta in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

1) Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त).—One of the four gates located at the four cardinal points in the fortification wall (jagatī) around Jambūdvīpa. These walls have similarly-named deities presiding over them. Each gate is adorned with a dvāraprāsāda, various pavements, vāraṇakas, shining jewel lamps and pillars adorned with various śālabhañjikās, jeweled minarets and flags. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.

2) Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त) refers to a species of Anuttarasura gods, who are in turn a subclass of the Kalpātīta gods, according to Jain cosmological texts in both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara tradition. The Kalpātīta (those born beyond heavens) represent a sub-species of the Vaimānika gods, which in turn represents the fourth main classification of devas (gods).

The Anuttarasuras (eg., the Vaijayantas) have true belief, are only on the 4th guṇasthāna and bind karman only possible on that stage.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त) is one of the five anuttaras: a subclasses of kalpātītas (born beyond heaven), itself a division of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. The living beings residing in the vimānas are called the empyrean gods (vaimānika) and represents one of the four classes of Devas.

What is the minimum and maximum life span in Vaijayanta (and Vijaya, Jayanta, Aparājita) Anuttara heavenly abodes? The minimum life span is a little more than thirty two ocean-measured-periods (sāgara) and maximum is thirty three ocean-measured-periods.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaijayanta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त).—

1) The palace of Indra.

2) The banner of Indra.

3) A banner or flag in general; सवैजयन्तास्तु गजा गजारोहैः प्रचोदिताः (savaijayantāstu gajā gajārohaiḥ pracoditāḥ) Rām.2.89.19.

4) A house.

5) Name of Indra.

Derivable forms: vaijayantaḥ (वैजयन्तः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त).—m. (1) (= Sanskrit Lex. id., Pali Ve°), n. of Indra's palace: °taḥ prāsādaḥ Mvy 5498; Divy 395.11; °taṃ prāsādaṃ (acc.) Av i.90.3; sumerumūrdhne yatha °nto Mv ii.346.20 (verse); others, LV 212.1; 213.18; (2) n. of one of the udyāna of the Trāyastriṃśa gods: Mv i.32.4; (3) n. of a yakṣa: Māy 39.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaijayanta (वैजयन्त).—m.

(-ntaḥ) 1. The place of Indra. 2. The banner or emblem of Indra. f. (-ntī) 1. A flag, a banner, an ensign. 2. A small tree, (Sesbana Ægyptiaca.) 3. Another tree, (Premna spinosa, &c.) 4. A kind of garland. 5. A necklace. 6. The necklace of Vishnu. E. vi before ji to conquer, jhañ aff.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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