Jara, aka: Jāra, Jarā; 15 Definition(s)
Jara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Ācaryas of Ayurveda opine that Jarā (senility) is a natural disease (Svābhāvika vyādhi). Premature senility can be well-prevented by regular intake of Rasāyana or Vayassthāpana (longevity promoter) drugs. It is suggested to introduce Rasāyana drugs during young and middle phases of life. Ayurvedic classics document the decade wise decline in individuals and emphasized further that the decline of intelligence and memory starts at the end of 40th year of the life.Source: PMC: Ayurvedic management of postlumbar myelomeningocele surgery
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
Jarā (जरा) is a Sanskrit technical term that refers to the “ageing process”, as per rasaśāstra literature (Medicinal Alchemy)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1) Jara (जर).—A forester. It was this forester who shot an arrow at Śrī Kṛṣṇa and killed him mistaking him for an animal. (See under Śrī Kṛṣṇa).
2) Jarā (जरा).—A harpy (Rākṣasī). Though she was a harpy she loved human beings. It is believed that if the picture of Jarā and her children is placed in the house and venerated, there will be no haunting of any other kinds of demons.
2) The figure of Jarā was sculptured on the wall of the Palace of Bṛhadratha, the King of Magadha, and was being worshipped. Because the King worshipped her, she had been looking forward to an opportunity to reward the King. Bṛhadratha had married two daughters of the King of Kāśī. They were twin sisters. For a long time they remained childless. The King was very sorry, and went to the forest with his wives. He saw the hermit Kakṣīvān or Caṇḍakauśika, the son of Gautama and requested that a son should be born to him. The hermit was sitting in meditation under a mango tree and a mango fell on his lap. The hermit took it and by prayer and meditation he invoked divine power into it and gave it to the King. The King divided it into two and gave it to his wives. The queens became pregnant and the three returned joyously.
2) In due course both delivered. But each of them gave birth to only half of a child. The horrified queens took the uncouth figures outside the palace and left them there. Jarā was watching this. She ran to the spot and placed the two portions together. Instantly it became a child of proper form. Hearing the cry of the child the mothers came out. Jarā appeared there and placed the child before the King Bṛhadratha. As desired by Jarā the child was named Jarāsandha because he was joined together by Jarā. This child grew up and became the notorious King Jarāsandha of Magadha. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, 3 Chapters from 17).
2) It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 182, Stanza 12 that when Arjuna fought with Jarāsandha this harpy had been staying in the weapon of Jarāsandha and was killed in that fight.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Jara (जर).—A Deva.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 95.
1b) A son of Vasudeva.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 187. Matsya-purāṇa 46. 22.
1c) A son of Mṛtyu.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 41.
1d) A Gandharva in Kailāsa.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 41. 21.
1e) A hunter who aimed a shaft at Kṛṣṇa in ignorance. He was awarded heaven.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 30. 33-38; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 37. 68-73.
2) Jarā (जरा).—A Rākṣasi who picked up the two parts of Bṛhadratha's son and gave them life—the future Jarāsandha (s.v.).*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 8; X. 50. 21; 71. 3; 72. 42.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Jāra (जार, ‘lover’) has no sinister sense in the early texts1 generally, where the word applies to any lover. But it seems must be regarded as an illegitimate lover; this sense also appears in the Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad, and Indra is styled the lover of Ahalyā, wife of Gautama.Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
A hunter who killed Vasudeva. J.iv.88f.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
'old age, decay', is one of the 3 divine messengers (s. deva-dūta). For its conditioning by birth, s. paticcasamuppāda (11).Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Buddhism)
Jarā (जरा, “old age”) refers to one of the thirteen “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “unassociated with mind” (citta-viprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., jarā). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Languages of India and abroad
jara : (m.) fever. (adj.), old; decayed; decrepit. || jarā (f.) decay; old age. jāra (m.) a paramour.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Jara, (adj.) (°-) (See jarati) old, decayed (in disparaging sense), wretched, miserable; —ûdapānaṃ a spoilt well J. IV, 387; —gava=°goṇa Pv. I, 81; —goṇa (cp. Sk. jaradgava) a decrepit, old bull J. II, 135; —sakka “the old S. ” J. IV, 389; —sālā a tumble-down shed PvA. 78. (Page 279)
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Jarā, (f.) & (older) jaras (nt.) (of the latter only the Instr. jarasā in use: Sn. 804, 1123 (=jarāya Nd2 249).—Sk. jarā & jaraḥ to *gerā: see jarati; cp. Gr. gh_ras, gέras, grau_s old age, etc. See also jīraṇa(tā)) decay, decrepitude, old age Vin. I, 10, 34; A. I, 51, 138 (as Death’s messenger); V, 144 sq. (bhabbo jaraṃ pahātuṃ); Sn. 311 (cp. D. III, 75); J. I, 59; Th. 2, 252 sq.; Vism. 502 (def. as twofold & discussed in its valuation as dukkha). Defined as “yā tesaṃ sattānaṃ tamhi tamhi sattanikāye jarā jīraṇatā khaṇḍiccaṃ pāliccaṃ valittacatā āyuno saṃhāni indriyānaṃ paripāko” D. II, 305=M. I, 49= S. II, 2=Nd2 252=Dhs. 644, cp. Dhs. trsl. p. 195.—Frequently combd with maraṇa (maccu, etc.) “decay & death” (see under jāti as to formulas): °maraṇa, D. II, 31 sq.; M. I, 49; Sn. 575; °maccu Sn. 581, 1092, 1094. ajarāmara not subject to decay & death (cp. ajajjara) Th. II, 512; Pv. II, 611; Vv 6311; J. III, 515.
—ghara the house of age (adj.) like a decayed house Th. 2, 270 (=jiṇṇagharasadisa ThA. 213). —jajjara feeble with age J. I, 59; —jiṇṇa decrepit with age PvA. 148; —dhamma subject to growing old A. I, 138, 145; II, 172, 247; III, 54 sq. , 71 sq.; —patta old J. III, 394; IV, 403; —bhaya fear of old age A. I, 179; II, 121; —vata the wind of age DhA. IV, 25. —sutta the Suttanta on old age, N. of Sutta Nipāta IV. 6 (p. 157 sq.; beginning with “appaṃ vata jīvitaṃ idaṃ”), quoted at DhA. III, 320. (Page 279)
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Jāra, (Vedic jāra) a paramour, adulterer J. I, 293; II, 309. f. °t adulteress Vin. II, 259, 268; III, 83. (Page 283)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
jara (जर).—m (Corr. from jvara S) A fever.
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jara (जर).—m f ( P Gold.) Brocade.
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jara (जर).—conj If. It assumes frequently one or other of the following adjuncts, kā, kāṃ, karitāṃ, kāya; as jarakā tō ālā tara mī dēīna.
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jarā (जरा).—f (S) Old age, and the relaxation and debility concomitant.
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jarā (जरा).—ad ( A) Somewhat, rather, in a small degree. An adverb qualifying verbs and attributives. 2 A little; in a small quantity. Ex. jarā tūpa pī mhaṇajē ātāṃ supārī utarēla.
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jāra (जार).—m (S) A paramour, gallant, leman, amoroso.
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jāra (जार).—m n (jarāyu S) The secundines or afterbirth. 2 m f Blobber, the blubber-like substance thrown up by the sea. 3 The spume in the mouth of infants or animals at birth. See phrase under tōṇḍacā jāra vāḷaṇēṃSource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
jara (जर).—m A fever. m f Brocade. conj If. jara uṭhaṇēṃ To have one's fever pass off under eruptions (at the month &c.). jara bāndhaṇēṃ To stop a fever by incanta- tions, by tying amulets &c. jara bharaṇēṃ- hōṇēṃ Be incompetent, inadequate, un- able &c.
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jarā (जरा).—f Old age.
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jarā (जरा).—ad Some- what; a little.
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jāra (जार).—m A paramour. m f Blubber-like substance thrown up by the sea. The spume in the mouth of infants or animals at birth.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Jara (जर).—a. [jṝ-ap]
1) Becoming old or worn out, old, aged.
2) Wearing out,
3) Causing old age, producing decay, consuming.
-raḥ 1 Wearing out, wasting.
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Jarā (जरा).—[jṝ-aṅ guṇaḥ] (The word jaras is optionally substituted for jarā before vowel terminations after acc. dual.)
1) Old age; कैकेयीशङ्कयेवाह पलितच्छद्मना जरा (kaikeyīśaṅkayevāha palitacchadmanā jarā) R.12. 2; तस्य धर्मरतेरासीद् वृद्धत्वं जरया (tasya dharmaraterāsīd vṛddhatvaṃ jarayā) (jarasā) विना (vinā) 1.23.
2) Decrepitude, infirmity, general debility consequent on old age.
5) Name of a female demon; see जरासन्ध (jarāsandha) below.
6) Invoking, greeting.
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Jāra (जार).—[jīryatyanena jṝ karaṇe ghañ; jarayatīti jāraḥ Nir.]
1) A paramour, gallant, lover; रथकारः स्वकां भार्यां सजारां शिरसावहत् (rathakāraḥ svakāṃ bhāryāṃ sajārāṃ śirasāvahat) Pt.4.54.
2) A confidential friend.
-rī Name of Durgā.
Derivable forms: jāraḥ (जारः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-rā) 1. Decrepitude, the general relaxation and debility consequent upon old age, or old age itself. 2. A tree, (Mimusops kauki, Rox.) 3. A female demon or Rakshasi. E. jṝ to grow old, affixes aṅ and ṭāp.
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(-raḥ) A paramour, a gallant. f. (-rī) A drug, a medicament. E. jṝ to grow infirm, karaṇe ghañ affix of agency, fem. ṅīṣ; weakening the affection of wives to their husbands, or diminishing the force of disease. jīryati anena .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Jarāsandha (जरासन्ध).—m. (-ndhaḥ) A proper name, a celebrated king and warrior, sovereign of Ma...
Nirjarā (निर्जरा, “dissociation”).—According to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8, “aft...
Jāraja (जारज).—mf. (-jaḥ-jā) An adulterine, the child of a woman by her gallant. E. jāra as abo...
Durjarā (दुर्जरा) is another name for Jyotiṣmatī, a medicinal plant identified with Celastrus p...
Gojara (गोजर).—an old ox or bull; नाद्रियन्ते यथापूर्वं कीनाशा इव गोजरम् (nādriyante yathāpūrva...
Jārabharā (जारभरा).—f. (-rā) An adulteress. E. jāra, and bharā who cherishes.
Jārajāta (जारजात).—mf. (-taḥ-tā) An adulterine. E. jāra and jāta born; also with kan added, jār...
Jarāmaraṇa (जरामरण) refers to “old age and death” and represents the last of the “twelve factor...
Jarā, (f.) & (older) jaras (nt.) (of the latter only the Instr. jarasā in use: Sn. 804, 1123 (=...
jara uṭaṇēṃ (जर उटणें).—g. of s. To have one's fever pass off under eruptions (at the mouth &c....
tōṇḍacā jāra (तोंडचा जार).—m The spume or froth upon the mouth of a new-born babe. Used esp. in...
tōṇḍacā-jāra (तोंडचा-जार).—m The spume or froth upon the mouth of a new-born babe. (tujhē &c.) ...
Jarāpuṣṭa (जरापुष्ट).—m. (-ṣṭaḥ) A proper name: see jarāsandha. E. jara a female Rakshasi, and ...
lōkhaṇḍī jara (लोखंडी जर).—m (lōkhaṇḍa & jara) False brocade or lace; lace &c. made of iron.
Jarātura (जरातुर).—a. 1) infirm. 2) old. Jarātura is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the term...
Search found 48 books and stories containing Jara, Jāra or Jarā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Mahabharata - Second Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
The Catusacca Dipani (by Mahathera Ledi Sayadaw)
The Doctrine of Paticcasamuppada (by U Than Daing)
Śrī Kṛṣṇa-vijaya (by Śrī Gunaraja Khan)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)