Ricika, Ṛcīka: 4 definitions

Introduction

Ricika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ṛcīka can be transliterated into English as Rcika or Ricika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Richika.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Ṛcīka (ऋचीक).—

King Hariścandra who was distressed by having no children, propitiated god Varuṇa Varuṇa blessed him saying that a son would be born to him. But the condition was that the child should be sacrificed to Varuṇa. When the child was born, Hariścandra did not like to sacrifice the boy. The sage Viśvāmitra suggested that instead of sacrificing his own son it would be enough if he bought another boy and sacrificed him. Accordingly, Hariścandra sent his minister to find out and purchase a Brahmin boy for the sacrifice. At that time there lived in Ayodhyā a greedy Brahmin named Ajīgarta. He had three sons. In the course of his search, the minister came across this needy Brahmin and asked him whether he was willing to sell one of his three sons. He continued: "Why should you be in this wretched state of poverty and misery? Sell one of your sons and you will get 100 cows as the price". The minister’s words and the price offered for the son made a deep impression on the Brahmin’s mind. He thought: "It is impossible for me to earn 100 cows. Even if it were possible how long would it take? If I sell him I shall get hundred cows at once. What a lucky chance! The loss of a son is nothing." So thinking, he sold his son Śunaśśepha. (For the rest of the story, see the word "Śunaśśepha". Devī Bhāgavata, Skandhas 7, 8). (See full article at Story of Ṛcīka from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Ṛcīka (ऋचीक).—(AJĪGARTA). A famous sage. Genealogy. From Viṣṇu were descended in the following order-Brahmā-Bhṛgu-Cyavana-Ūrva-Ṛcīka. Ṛcīka was the father of Jamadagni and grandfather of Paraśurāma.

3) Ṛcīka (ऋचीक).—One of the twelve Ādityas. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 1, Verse 42).

4) Ṛcīka (ऋचीक).—A King who was the grandson of emperor Bharata and son of Dyumanyu. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 94, Verse 24).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Ṛcīka (ऋचीक).—The son of Nāhuṣi (Aurva) and father of Jamadagni by Satyavatī; the sage who married Gādhi's daughter by paying a price of a thousand white horses with one black ear. (See satyavatī). A mantrakṛt1 compared to Dhiṣṇi fire. Blessed his wife with a caru and his mother-in-law with another for the birth respectively of a Brāhmaṇa and a Kṣatriya son. His wife wrongly took that intended for her mother. She gave birth to Jamadagni and became converted as Kauśikī river;2 father of two other sons Śunahśepa and Śunahpuccha;3 had 100 sons who in turn had 1000 sons—all Bhārgavas.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 15. 5-11; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 95; 32. 104; III. 1. 95; 25. 83.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 21. 19-22: 66. 37-40; IV. 7. 13, 34; Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 93; 91. 66-86.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 66. 92; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 66. 64.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 92-95.

1b) A son of Śikhaṇḍi; an avatār in the eighteenth dvāpara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 183.

1c) A son of Sutāra the lord of the second dvāpara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 121.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Ṛcīka (ऋचीक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.46) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Ṛcīka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṛcīka (ऋचीक).—[ṛc-īkak]

1) The father of Jamadagni.

2) Name of a country.

Derivable forms: ṛcīkaḥ (ऋचीकः).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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