Jam: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Jam means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Jam (जम्).—It means gītam (music). (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 348).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Jam [ꯖꯥꯝ] in the Manipuri language is the name of a plant identified with Syzygium cumini Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels from the Myrtaceae (Bottlebrush) family. For the possible medicinal usage of jam, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: A translation of Jhaverchand Meghanis non translated folk tales

Jam [Jaam] refers to “Surnames of the King of Navanagar of Kathiyawaad (Saurashtra)”.—It is defined in the glossary attached to the study dealing with Gujarat Folk tales composed by Gujarati poet Jhaverchand Meghani (1896-1947)

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jam (जम्).—[(u) jamu] r. 1st cl. (jamati) To eat; also cama . bhvā-para-saka-seṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jam (जम्).—i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] To eat. Frequent. To chew, anomal. jājam, Mahābhārata 13, 4495.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jam (जम्):—1. jam jmā, jmas. See 2. kṣam.

2) 2. jam (derived [from] jamad-agni) [class] 1. jamati, to go, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska ii, 14; Nirukta, by Yāska iii, 6];

2) —to eat, [Dhātupāṭha xiii, 28] :—[Intensive] p. jājamat consuming continually, [Mahābhārata xiii, 4495.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jam (जम्):—(u) jamati 1. a. To eat.

2) Aptote. (In compo.) A wife.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jam (जम्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jamma.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jam in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Jaṃ (जं):—([jaṃ])[galā] (nm) grating; railing; fence/fencing; balustrade; a grille or bar-fitted window.

2) Jāṃ (जां):——an allomorph of [jāna] used as the first member in compound words; ~[nisāra] one who can sacrifice one’s life, devoted; ~[bāja] venturesome, one who can risk one’s life; ~[bājī] the quality that distinguishes a [jāṃbāja], venturesomeness

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Jaṃ (जं) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Yat.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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