Kalmashi, Kālmāṣī, Kalmāṣī: 4 definitions


Kalmashi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kālmāṣī and Kalmāṣī can be transliterated into English as Kalmasi or Kalmashi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kalmashi in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kalmāṣī (कल्माषी).—A river. It was while travelling by the side of this river, that King Drupada reached a Brāhmaṇa village where he happened to meet Upayāja. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 166). Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 78, Verse 16 says that it was on the bank of this river that the sage Bhṛgu blessed Yudhiṣṭhira. (Modern scholars believe that Kanmāṣī. is the same as the present river Yamunā).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kālmāṣī (काल्माषी) is another name for Vākucī, a medicinal plant identified with Psoralea corylifolia Linn. (“Babchi”) from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.62-65 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Kālmāṣī and Vākucī, there are a total of twenty-one Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kalmashi [कलमाशी] in the Marathi language is the name of a plant identified with Justicia procumbens subsp. procumbens from the Acanthaceae (Acanthus) family having the following synonyms: Rostellularia procumbens, Justicia micrantha, Justicia hirtella. For the possible medicinal usage of kalmashi, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kalmāṣī (कल्माषी):—[from kalmāṣa] f. the speckled cow (of Jamad-agni, granting all desires), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a river (the Yamunā), [Mahābhārata i, 6360]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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