Citrangada, Citrāṅgada, Citrāṅgadā, Citra-angada: 17 definitions


Citrangada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chitrangada.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Citrangada in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद), father of Manovatī, is the name of a Vidyādhara who had transformed into a lion because of curse spoken by Nārada, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 22. Citrāṅgada’s daughter, Manovatī, was married to Vasudatta, a previous human incarnation of Jīmūtavāhana. The tale of his previous incarnation was told by Jīmūtavāhana to Mitrāvasu (son of Viśvāvasu) for the sake of his curiosity.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Citrāṅgada, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद) is the name of an important person (viz., an Ācārya or Kavi) mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—One of the eighteen pupils of Kāvya-puruṣa. In the first chapter of Kāvyamīmāṃsā, Rājaśekhara posits him as the propounded of Citrakāvya.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Citrangada in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद):—Son of Śāntanu (one of the three sons of Pratīpa) and Satyavatī (the daughter of Uparicharavasu and a fisherwoman known as Matsyagarbhā). He had a younger brother named Vicitravīrya. He was killed by a Gandharva who was also named Citrāṅgada. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.20-24)

2) Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद):—Name of a Gandharva who killed the similair-named Citrāṅgada (son of Śāntanu). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.21-24)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद).—(CITRĀṄGA). See under Citrāṅga I.

2) Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद).—A son of the Mahārāja Śantanu. King Śantanu of the Candra dynasty had two wives, Gaṅgā and Satyavatī. Bhīṣma is the son born of Gaṅgā; of Satyavatī were born two sons, Citrāṅgada and Vicitravīrya. They were very brave and learned. After ruling his kingdom for a long period, living with Satyavatī and the three children Śantanu passed away. Because Bhīṣma dedicated himself to a life of unbroken chastity Citrāṅgada was crowned King. Once when he went to the forest for hunting he met with a gandharva of the same name. Both did not like the other to keep the same name and so a fight ensued. It was fought in Kurukṣetra and lasted for three years. In the end Citrāṅgada was killed. Bhīṣma felt very sorry and after asking Vicitravīrya to perform the funeral rites crowned him as King. (Devī Bhāgavata, Prathama Skandha).

3) Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद).—A gandharva. See under Citrāṅgada II.

4) Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद).—One of the Kings who attended the svayaṃvara of Draupadī. He might have been the King of either Kaliṅga or Daśārṇa because both these states were then ruled by a Citrāṅgada, (Śloka 22, Chapter 185, Ādi Parva).

5) Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद).—A king of Kaliṅga. Almost all the Kings of Bhārata attended a svayaṃvara once held at the palace of this King. (Śloka 2, Chapter 4, Śānti Parva).

6) Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद).—A king of Daśārṇa. He blocked the sacrificial horse sent out by Dharmaputra during the Aśvamedhayajña and Arjuna killed him. (Aśvamedha Parva, Chapter 83, Śloka 7).

7) Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद).—A deer. A character in the stories in the book 'Pañcatantra Stories' (See B-2 in Pañcatantra).

8) Citrāṅgadā (चित्राङ्गदा).—A celestial maiden. Once this girl gave a dance in the court of Kubera in honour of Aṣṭāvakra. (Śloka 44, Chapter 19, Anuśāsana Parva).

9) Citrāṅgadā (चित्राङ्गदा).—A wife of Arjuna. General information. When once Dharmaputra was closeted with Pāñcālī in amorous talks Arjuna by mistake entered the room and was thus compelled as per a previous mutual agreement to go on a pilgrimage for a year. During this exile he married the serpent girl Ulūpī. After that he proceeded again on his pilgrimage and reached a state called Maṇalūr. Maṇalūr was then reigned by a King called Citravāhana. Citrāṅgadā was the daughter of Citravāhana.

10) Citrāṅgadā (चित्राङ्गदा).—Daughter of Viśvakarmā. Once while she was bathing in a pond along with her companions in the forest of Naimiśa Prince Suratha, son of Sudeva, came that way. Seeing him Citrāṅgadā told her companions "This beautiful young man is in love. I must give myself to him". Though her companions objected to her doing this, waving aside the objections Citrāṅgadā approached Suratha.

When Viśvakarmā knew about this he was extremely angry and cursed her saying that she would never have a marriage. Citrāṅgadā fainted when she heard the curse and her companions tried their best to wake her up, but failed. They then took her to be dead and left the place in search of firewood and other things to conduct a funeral.

When Citrāṅgadā woke up she looked around for her companions and finding none including her lover, the prince, she ran and threw herself into the river, Sarasvatī. That river pushed her down to river Gomatī and that river in turn washed her ashore a huge forest. There she was met by the sage Ṛtadhvaja. Knowing her sad tale the sage felt compassion for her and cursed Viśvakarmā to be born as a monkey. Then he let her marry her lover and blessed them. (Chapters 63 and 64, Vāmana Purāṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद).—A Vāleya Gandharva.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 19.

1b) A Kṣatriya son of Śantanu and a fisherwoman Satyavatī; was killed in a battle by a Gandharva by name Citrāngada.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 20-21; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 10. 70; Matsya-purāṇa 14. 17; Vāyu-purāṇa 73. 19; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 34-5.

1c) A Gandharva who killed Citrāngada, a son of Śantanu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 20; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 35.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.52) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Citrāṅgada) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद) figures as a male character in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—Citrāṅgada was the elder son of King Śāntanu and queen Satyavatī. Since his elder step brother Bhīṣma (the son of Śāntanu and Gaṅgā) took a vow of not ascending the throne of Hastināpura, he became the King after Śāntanu and was very successful. He was ruling the kingdom greatly. He was very confident and was having impressive personality.—(cf. Bhīṣmacarita XI.22) He was also sweet in his speech. He was very affectionate towards his brothers Bhīṣma and Vicitravīrya.—(cf. Bhīṣmacarita XI.28) He became haughty after becoming a crown prince and acquiring the kingdom from his step brother.—(cf. Bhīṣmacarita XII.27) Unfortunately, his success angered a Gāndharva King of the same name. They fought an even matched duel and in it human Citrāṅgada was slain heirless. His younger brother Vicitravīrya then ascended the throne.

Kavyashastra book cover
context information

Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Citrangada in Hinduism glossary
Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Chitrangada was the princess of Manipur, the daughter of king Chitravahana. She was an only child, so her father wanted to make sure that her son would be able to succeed to the kingdom after him.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In the epic Mahābhārata, Citrāṅgada (चित्रांगद), is the elder son of Śantanu and Satyavatī. He ascended the throne of Hastinapura after his father’s death, but was killed by a Gandharva namesake. Bhīṣma crowned Citrāṅgada the king after Śantanu. Citrāṅgada was a great warrior and vanquished all kings.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Citrangada in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद).—a. decked with brilliant bracelets.

- Name of a wife of Arjuna and mother of Babhruvāhana.

Citrāṅgada is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms citra and aṅgada (अङ्गद).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. A Prince, a brother of Bichitrabirya father of Dhritarashtra and Pandu, and son of Santanu. 2. A judge and recorder in hell. E. citra aṅga body, and da who gives. śāntanoḥ satyavatyāṃ jāte putrabhede .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद).—1. adj. adorned with splendid or variegated bracelets. 2. m. a proper name. 3. f. , a proper name.

Citrāṅgada is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms citra and aṅgada (अङ्गद).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद).—[adjective] having brilliant bracelets; [masculine] [Name] of a Gandharva etc., [feminine] ā of [several] women.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद):—[from citra > cit] mfn. decorated with variegated bracelets, [Mahābhārata ii, 348]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a king of Daśārṇa, [Mahābhārata xiv, 2471]

3) [v.s. ...] of a son (of, [Śāntanu, i; Harivaṃśa ix, 22, 20]; of Indra-sena [varia lectio] See candrāṅg)

4) [v.s. ...] of a Gandharva (person of the play Dūtāṅgada)

5) [v.s. ...] of a Vidyā-dhara, [Kathāsaritsāgara xxii, 136]

6) [v.s. ...] of a divine recorder of men’s deeds, [Ācāranirṇaya]

7) [v.s. ...] (= -gupta) the secretary of a man of rank, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) Citrāṅgadā (चित्राङ्गदा):—[from citrāṅgada > citra > cit] f. Name of an Apsaras, [Mahābhārata xiii, 1424]

9) [v.s. ...] of a wife of Arjuna (daughter of Citra-vāhana and mother of Babhru-vāhana), [i, xiv]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद):—[citrāṅga-da] (daḥ) 1. m. A judge in hell; a king; the son of a Santanu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Citrangada in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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