Satyavati, Satyavatī: 7 definitions


Satyavati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Satyavatī (सत्यवती).—The daughter of the fisherman King. She was the mother of Vyāsadeva by Paraśara Muni. She later married Mahārāja Śantanu and begot two children, Citrāṅgada and Vicitravīrya.

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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Satyavati in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Satyavatī (सत्यवती):—Daughter of king Gādhi (son of Kuśāmbu). She married sage Ṛcīka and they had a son called Jamadagni. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.15.4-11)

2) Satyavatī (सत्यवती):—Daughter of Uparicharavasuby the womb of a fisherwoman known as Matsyagarbhā. She was later raised by a fisherman. She gave birth to Citrāṅgada by the semen of her husband Śāntanu (one of the three sons of Pratīpa). Before her marriage to Śāntanu however, she gave birth to Bādarāyaṇa (also known as Vyāsadeva), who was begotten by Parāśara Muni. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.20-24)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Satyavatī (सत्यवती).—The mother of Vyāsa. A short history. Satyavatī was the daughter of the celestial maid Adrikā. Because of a curse she lived as a fish in the river Ganges. Once the semen of King Uparicaravasu happened to fall in the Ganges and this fish swallowed it in consequence of which it became pregnant. A fisherman caught this fish and cut it. He got two human babies, male and female from the stomach of the fish. The fisherman gave the two infants to the King who took the male child. This child later became the Matsya King. The female child had the smell of fish. The King called her Matsya-Gandhī (She who has the smell of fish) and gave her back to the fisherman, who took the child to his hut and brought her up as his daughter. As the child was dark in complexion the fisherman called her Kālī. Thus the girl was known by two names Kālī and Matsyagandhī. Later she got the name Satyavatī also. (See full article at Story of Satyavatī from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Satyavatī (सत्यवती).—The sister of Viśvāmitra. (See under Jamadagni; Para 2).

3) Satyavatī (सत्यवती).—A princess of the country of Kekaya. She was the wife of Triśaṅku and the mother of Hariścandra. (Mahābhārata, Dākṣiṇātyapāṭha, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 12).

4) Satyavatī (सत्यवती).—It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 117, Verse 15, that one Satyavatī was the wife of Nārada.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Satyavatī (सत्यवती).—A wife of Parāśara, and mother of Vyāsa;1 in her previous birth Acchodā the mind-born daughter of the Pitṛs; now born as a fisherwoman, of Adrikā Matsya at the confluence of the Gangā and the Yamunā;2 her son Vyāsa, compiled the 18 purāṇas and the bhārata.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 36: I. 3. 21: XII. 6. 49: Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 2:
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 10. 73-4: Matsya-purāṇa 14. 19. Vāyu-purāṇa 73. 21-2.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 53. 70.

1b) (see Rūka) a daughter of Gādhi and wife of sage Ṛcīka. As the caru intended for her was taken by her mother, she gave birth to an unrighteous son, and on her appeal the sage changed him to an unrighteous grandson. Mother of Jamadagni; she became converted into the river Kauśikī; other sons were Śunakśepa and Śunahpuccha;1 compared to Dakṣiṇā in yāga.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 15. 5-12: Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 66. 36-59: Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 93: 91. 66, 85, 92. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 7. 12, 32, 33-4.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 96: 21. 22.

1c) A daughter of Kratu and daughter-inlaw of Parvaśa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 38.

1d) The queen of Śantanu and mother of Vicitravīrya and Citrāngada;1 at her command Kṛṣṇadvaipāyana begot Dhṛtarāṣṭra and Pāṇḍu on the widows of Vicitravīrya.2

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 34.
  • 2) Ib. IV. 20. 38.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Satyavatī (सत्यवती) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.63.55, I.63, I.90.51) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Satyavatī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Satyavati in Hinduism glossary
Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Satyavati was born inside a fish. (The story of her birth is told in more detail here.) This fish was caught by the chief of fishermen, who adopted her as his own daughter, as he had no children. Since she was born inside a fish, she had an odor of fish about her. She assisted her father by running a ferry service across the river.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Satyavatī (सत्यवती): A fisherman's daughter who possessed uncommon beauty and emanated a divinely sweet fragrance and king Santanu became enamored of her, married her and made her his queen. The wife of Bhishma's father, Shantanu.

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