Danavira, Dānavīra, Dana-vira: 9 definitions


Danavira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (kavyashastra)

Dānavīra (दानवीर) refers to the “heroic sentiment of munificence”, representing one of the varieties of Vīrarasa, or “heroic sentiment” according Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa, Bharata’s Nāṭyaśastra and Viśvanātha’s Sāhityadarpaṇa.

Example of the heroic sentiment of munificence (dānavīra):—

gauḍaśrīyaśavantasiṃhanṛpateḥ paśyā’dya dānotsave cakṣuryācini samprati pratidiśaṃ dehīti vākye śrutiḥ |
deyaṃdeyamitīritṣu rasanā cā”nandasindhau mano dhāvadyācakavṛndapāṇiṣu paraṃ pāṇiḥ parikrīḍate ||

“Behold! Today in the festival of charity of the king Yaśavanta Siṃha, the grace of Gauḍa, which is attracting the eyes, the utterance ‘please give’ is heard at present in every direction. In the words to be given, to be given, the toung rests and in the ocean of joy the mind is submerged, but the hand is playing on the hands of mendicants moving quickly”.

Notes: In this verse the munificence of Yaśavanta is the excitant (vibhāva). His states of toung and mind etc. are ensuants (anubhāva) and resolve (mati) is the variant. These being combined give rise to the manifestation of the heroic of munificence (dānavīra).

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Dānavīra (दानवीर) refers to a type of Heroic Sentiment (vīrarasa) employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—The poet is keen in using dānavīra-rasa too in the poem. In XI.15, he has described how Bhīṣma becomes so happy on seeing the face of just born younger brother Citrāṅgada. He then declares a grand ceremony in the city on this occasion and opens up royal property for the same.

Kavyashastra book cover
context information

Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dānavīra (दानवीर).—

1) a very liberal man.

2) (In Rhet.) the sentiment of heroism arising out of liberality, the sentiment of chivalrous liberality, e. g. Paraśurāma who gave away the earth with its seven continents; cf. the instance given in R. G. under दानवीरः (dānavīraḥ):-कियदिदमधिकं मे यद् द्विजायार्थयित्रे कवचमरमणीयं कुण्डलं चार्पयामि । अकरुणमवकृत्य द्राक्कृ- पाणेन निर्यद् बहलरुधिरधारं मौलिमावेदयामि (kiyadidamadhikaṃ me yad dvijāyārthayitre kavacamaramaṇīyaṃ kuṇḍalaṃ cārpayāmi | akaruṇamavakṛtya drākkṛ- pāṇena niryad bahalarudhiradhāraṃ maulimāvedayāmi) ||

Derivable forms: dānavīraḥ (दानवीरः).

Dānavīra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dāna and vīra (वीर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dānavīra (दानवीर).—m.

(-raḥ) A liberal man. E. dāna, and vīra a hero.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dānavīra (दानवीर).—[masculine] = dānapati.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dānavīra (दानवीर):—[=dāna-vīra] [from dāna > dā] m. ‘liberality-hero’, munificent man, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] (in [rhetoric]) liberal heroism, [Bharata-nāṭya-śāstra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dānavīra (दानवीर):—[dāna-vīra] (raḥ) 1. m. A liberal man.

[Sanskrit to German]

Danavira in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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