Citranga, Citrāṅga: 12 definitions
Citranga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chitranga.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग).—(CITRĀṄGADA, ŚRUTĀNTAKA). One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. In the great battle Bhīmasena killed him. (Śloka 11, Chapter 26, Śalya Parva).
2) Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग).—A warrior. In the Aśvamedhayajña performed by Śrī Rāma Śatrughna followed the sacrificial horse and Citrāṅga blocked them on their way. Śatrughna killed him. (Chapter 27, Pātāla Kāṇḍa, Padma Purāṇa).Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.108.7) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Citrāṅga) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग) is the name of a deer (mṛga), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 61. Accordingly, as Gomukha said to Naravāhanadatta: “... while the tortoise was saying this, a deer, named Citrāṅga, came to that wood from a great distance, having been terrified by the hunters. When they saw him, and observed that no hunter was pursuing him, the tortoise and his companions made friends with him, and he recovered his strength and spirits...”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Citrāṅga, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग) refers to one of the ten kinds of wishing-trees (kalpa), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] among the Utttarakuras the land is naturally beautiful, with sand as sweet as sugar and waters resembling autumn-moonlight. Ten kinds of wishing-trees [viz., Citrāṅga] always give to the people whatever they desire without effort on their part. [...] the Citrāṅgas furnish wreaths, [...] These give definite objects, and also indefinite ones; and other wishing-trees there give all things desired. [...]”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग).—adj., of scarred body (so Tibetan on Mahāvyutpatti, lus rma mtshan can): Mahāvyutpatti 8778; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iv. 68.7.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṅgaḥ-ṅgī-ṅgaṃ) Painted, spotted, striped, (the body.) m.
(-ṅgaḥ) 1. A kind of snake. 2. A plant, (Plumbago zeylanica.) n.
(-ṅgaṃ) 1. Yellow orpiment. 2. Vermilion. f. (-ṅgī) 1. Mader. 2. A worm, (Julus cornifex.) E. citra spotted or painted, &c. aṅga the body. dhṛtarāṣṭraputrabhede ca .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग).—m. a proper name.
Citrāṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms citra and aṅga (अङ्ग).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग).—[masculine] [Name] of an antilope (lit. having a spotted body).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग):—[from citra > cit] mfn. having a variegated body, [Buddhist literature; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of snake, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) [v.s. ...] Plumbago rosea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, [Mahābhārata i, 4545; Padma-purāṇa iv, 55]
5) [v.s. ...] of an antelope, [Pañcatantra; Hitopadeśa]
6) [v.s. ...] of a dog, [Pañcatantra]
7) [v.s. ...] n. vermilion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] yellow orpiment, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग):—[citrā+ṅga] (ṅgaḥ-ṅgī-ṅgaṃ) a. Spotted in body. 1. m. A spotted snake; a plant (Plumbago zeylanica). ṅgī f. Madder; a worm. n. Vermilion.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग):—(citra + aṅga)
1) adj. einen bunten, gesprenkelten Körper habend, gesprenkelt [Vyutpatti oder Mahāvyutpatti 204.] —
2) m. a) eine Schlangenart. — b) Plumbago zeylanica Lin. — c) Name einer anderen Pflanze (raktacitraka) [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — d) Nomen proprium eines Sohnes des Dhṛtarāṣṭra [Mahābhārata 1, 4545.] Beiname Arjuna's [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 137.] — e) Nomen proprium einer Antilope [Hitopadeśa 18, 1.] [Pañcatantra 140, 23.] eines Hundes [232, 25.] —
3) f. ī a) Ohrwurm, Julus. — b) Name einer Pflanze, Rubia Munjista (mañjiṣṭhā) Roxb., [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] —
4) n. a) Zinnober. — b) Auripigment [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]
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2) d) vadha [Oxforder Handschriften 13,b,15.] — e) [Kathāsaritsāgara 61, 122.] —
3) c) Nomen proprium einer Hetäre [Kathāsaritsāgara 122, 68.]
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2) d) Beiname Arjuna's [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 137] zu streichen, da hier citrāṅgasādana zu lesen ist, wie schon das Metrum zeigt.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) *Adj. einen gesprenkelten Körper habend. —
2) m. — a) *eine Schlangenart. — b) *Plumbago rosea [Rājan 6,47.] — c) Nomen proprium — α) eines Sohnes des Dhṛtarāṣṭra. — β) einer Antilope. — γ) eines Hundes. —
3) f. ī — a) *Ohrwurm , Julus. — b) *Rubia Munjista [Rājan 6,193.] — c) Nomen proprium einer Hetäre. —
4) *n. — a) Zinnober oder Mennig [Rājan 13,59.] — b) Auripigment [Rājan 13,68.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)