Citranga, Citrāṅga, Citramga: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Citranga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chitranga.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Citranga in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग).—(CITRĀṄGADA, ŚRUTĀNTAKA). One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. In the great battle Bhīmasena killed him. (Śloka 11, Chapter 26, Śalya Parva).

2) Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग).—A warrior. In the Aśvamedhayajña performed by Śrī Rāma Śatrughna followed the sacrificial horse and Citrāṅga blocked them on their way. Śatrughna killed him. (Chapter 27, Pātāla Kāṇḍa, Padma Purāṇa).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.108.7) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Citrāṅga) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Citranga in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग) is the name of a deer (mṛga), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 61. Accordingly, as Gomukha said to Naravāhanadatta: “... while the tortoise was saying this, a deer, named Citrāṅga, came to that wood from a great distance, having been terrified by the hunters. When they saw him, and observed that no hunter was pursuing him, the tortoise and his companions made friends with him, and he recovered his strength and spirits...”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Citrāṅga, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग) is another name for Citraka, a medicinal plant identified with (1) [white variety] Plumbago zeylanica Linn.; (2) [red variety] Plumbago rosea Linn. syn. or Plumbago indica Linn., both from the Plumbaginaceae or “leadwort” family of flowering plants, according to verse 6.43-45 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu.—The sixth chapter (pippalyādi-varga) of this book enumerates ninety-five varieties of plants obtained from the market (paṇyauṣadhi). Together with the names Citrāṅga and Citraka, there are a total of twenty Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग) is also mentioned as another name for Raktacitraka, which is a variety of Citraka, according to verse 6.46-47.—Note: Bapalal refers a totally different variety, used as Red Citraka or Rato Chitro (rātocitro) in Ābu and Girnār. This is knwon as Vogalia indica.—Together with the names Citrāṅga and Raktacitraka, there are a total of eleven Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग) refers to one of the ten kinds of wishing-trees (kalpa), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] among the Utttarakuras the land is naturally beautiful, with sand as sweet as sugar and waters resembling autumn-moonlight. Ten kinds of wishing-trees [viz., Citrāṅga] always give to the people whatever they desire without effort on their part. [...] the Citrāṅgas furnish wreaths, [...] These give definite objects, and also indefinite ones; and other wishing-trees there give all things desired. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग).—adj., of scarred body (so Tibetan on Mahāvyutpatti, lus rma mtshan can): Mahāvyutpatti 8778; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iv. 68.7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग).—mfn.

(-ṅgaḥ-ṅgī-ṅgaṃ) Painted, spotted, striped, (the body.) m.

(-ṅgaḥ) 1. A kind of snake. 2. A plant, (Plumbago zeylanica.) n.

(-ṅgaṃ) 1. Yellow orpiment. 2. Vermilion. f. (-ṅgī) 1. Mader. 2. A worm, (Julus cornifex.) E. citra spotted or painted, &c. aṅga the body. dhṛtarāṣṭraputrabhede ca .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग).—m. a proper name.

Citrāṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms citra and aṅga (अङ्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग).—[masculine] [Name] of an antilope (lit. having a spotted body).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग):—[from citra > cit] mfn. having a variegated body, [Buddhist literature; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of snake, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Plumbago rosea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, [Mahābhārata i, 4545; Padma-purāṇa iv, 55]

5) [v.s. ...] of an antelope, [Pañcatantra; Hitopadeśa]

6) [v.s. ...] of a dog, [Pañcatantra]

7) [v.s. ...] n. vermilion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] yellow orpiment, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग):—[citrā+ṅga] (ṅgaḥ-ṅgī-ṅgaṃ) a. Spotted in body. 1. m. A spotted snake; a plant (Plumbago zeylanica). ṅgī f. Madder; a worm. n. Vermilion.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Citrāṅga (चित्राङ्ग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Cittaṃga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Citranga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Citrāṃga (ಚಿತ್ರಾಂಗ):—[noun] having bands or stripes; striped.

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Citrāṃga (ಚಿತ್ರಾಂಗ):—

1) [noun] the black-striped, large, carnivorous, tawny-coloured feline, Panthera tigris; the tiger.

2) [noun] a cloth with long, narrow stripes.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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